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Meaning of "transaminase" in the English dictionary

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DICTIONARY
section

PRONUNCIATION OF TRANSAMINASE

transaminase  [trænzˈæmɪˌneɪz] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF TRANSAMINASE

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Transaminase is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES TRANSAMINASE MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Transaminase

In biochemistry, a transaminase or an aminotransferase is an enzyme that catalyzes a type of reaction between an amino acid and an α-keto acid. An amino acid contains an amine group. A keto acid contains a keto group. In transamination, the NH2 group on one molecule is exchanged with the =O group on the other molecule. The amino acid becomes a keto acid, and the keto acid becomes an amino acid. Some transamination activities of the ribosome have been found to be catalyzed by so-called ribozymes. Examples being the hammerhead ribozyme, the VS ribozyme and the hairpin ribozyme. The transaminase enzymes are important in the production of various amino acids, and measuring the concentrations of various transaminases in the blood is important in the diagnosing and tracking many diseases. Transaminases require the coenzyme pyridoxal-phosphate, which is converted into pyridoxamine in the first phase of the reaction, when an amino acid is converted into a keto acid. Enzyme-bound pyridoxamine in turn reacts with pyruvate, oxaloacetate, or alpha-ketoglutarate, giving alanine, aspartic acid, or glutamic acid, respectively.

Definition of transaminase in the English dictionary

The definition of transaminase in the dictionary is an enzyme that catalyses the transfer of an amino group from one molecule, esp an amino acid, to another, esp a keto acid, in the process of transamination.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH TRANSAMINASE


arginase
ˈɑːdʒɪˌneɪz
asparaginase
əˈspærədʒɪˌneɪz
collagenase
ˈkɒlədʒəˌneɪz
dehydrogenase
diːˈhaɪdrədʒəˌneɪz
dextranase
ˈdɛkstrəˌneɪz
euthanase
ˈjuːθəˌneɪz
euthanaze
ˈjuːθəˌneɪz
glutaminase
ɡluːˈtæmɪˌneɪz
hexokinase
ˌhɛksəʊˈkaɪneɪz
hydrogenase
ˈhaɪdrɪdʒəˌneɪz
kinase
ˈkaɪneɪz
lyonnaise
ˌlaɪəˈneɪz
manes
ˈmɑːneɪz
mayonnaise
ˌmeɪəˈneɪz
Naze
neɪz
nitrogenase
naɪˈtrɒdʒəˌneɪz
oxygenase
ˈɒksɪdʒəˌneɪz
polonaise
ˌpɒləˈneɪz
tyrosinase
ˌtaɪrəʊsɪˈneɪz
urokinase
ˌjʊərəʊˈkaɪneɪz

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE TRANSAMINASE

transact
transactinide
transaction
transactional
transactional analysis
transactionally
transactions
transactor
transalpine
Transalpine Gaul
transamination
transandean
transandine
transatlantic
transaxle
transcalency
transcalent
Transcaucasia
Transcaucasian
transceiver

WORDS THAT END LIKE TRANSAMINASE

deaminase
enterokinase
glucokinase
guanase
histaminase
insulinase
lecithinase
penicillinase
proteinase
streptokinase
thiaminase
thrombokinase

Synonyms and antonyms of transaminase in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «transaminase» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF TRANSAMINASE

Find out the translation of transaminase to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of transaminase from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «transaminase» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

转氨酶
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

transaminasa
570 millions of speakers

English

transaminase
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

ट्रांसअमाइनेज
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

ناقلة
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

трансаминаза
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

transaminase
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

transaminase
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

transaminase
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Transaminase
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Transaminase
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

アミノ基転移酵素
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

트랜스 아미나
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Transaminase
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

transaminase
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

transaminase
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

ट्रान्समिनाझेज
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

transaminaz
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

transaminasi
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

transaminaz
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

трансаминаза
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

transaminazelor
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

τρανσαμινασών
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

transaminase
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

transaminas
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

nase
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of transaminase

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «TRANSAMINASE»

The term «transaminase» is regularly used and occupies the 86.607 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
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100%
FREQUENCY
Regularly used
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/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «transaminase» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of transaminase
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «transaminase».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «TRANSAMINASE» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «transaminase» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «transaminase» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about transaminase

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «TRANSAMINASE»

Discover the use of transaminase in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to transaminase and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Comparative Animal Biochemistry
The ratio of aspartate transaminase to alanine transaminase differs with the species and the tissue: in most cases, the aspartate transaminase has the higher activity and has special responsibilities for transport across the mitochondrial ...
Klaus Urich, 1994
2
Class 2 Transferases VII: EC 2.5.1.31 - 2.6.1.57
1D-1-guanidin0-3-amin0-1,3 -dideoxy-scyllo-inositol transaminase. . histidine transaminase. . . . histidinol-phosphate transaminase homospermidine synthase. . . . . . . . . . . . homospermidine synthase (spermidine-specific) . . 4- hydr0xybenzoate ...
Dietmar Schomburg, A. Chang, Ida Schomburg, 2007
3
VITAMINS AND HORMONES
... concentration and the levels of bilirubin, glutamate-oxaloacetate transaminase and alkaline phosphatase were also found in patients with acute hepatitis. It was also noted 28 J. GLOVER.
‎1974
4
Springer Handbook of Enzymes: Synonym Index
Synonym Recommended Name Vol., Page 2.6.1.19 4-Aminobutyrate transaminase 4-Aminobutyrate transaminase □ ^□-□^»-^^l^Л^^ 2.6.1.19 2.6. 1.19 Aminobutyrate transaminase 4-Aminobutyrate transaminase fc^».- J ^"ittàfli  ...
Dietmar Schomburg, Ida Schomburg, 2001
5
Jaypee's Review of Med. Biochemistry
Alanine transaminase (ALT) Alanine •< - ^-~- —~^^ - > Pyruvate ^ a-Ketoglutarate Glutamate Aspartate transaminase ... 14.1: Transamination reactions Serum alanine transaminase (ALT/alanine transaminase) increases in liver diseases ...
Raju, 2005
6
Laboratory Tests for the Assessment of Nutritional Status, ...
The 156 cases with peripheral vascular disease had a mean plasma pyridoxal 5'- phosphate concentrations of only 22.73 nmol/L.1"8 Determination of Transaminase Activities General The automated procedure of Skala et al."' "s provides for a ...
Howerde E. Sauberlich, 1999
7
Functional Characterization of the Arginine Transaminase ...
INDEX WORDS: arginine catabolism, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, ATA pathway, two-component system, ArgR, DNA microarray, transaminase, kinetics.
Zhe Yang, 2007
8
Class 2 Transferases: EC 2.1-2.7.10
1 Nomenclature EC number 2.6.1.84 Systematic name l-arginine:pyruvate transaminase Recommended name arginine-pyruvate transaminase Synonyms ATASE <1> (<1> detected, when pyruvate is used as the amino group accep- tor [ 1]) [1] ...
Dietmar Schomburg, Antje Chang, Ida Schomburg, 2010
9
Ec 2 6: Tyrosine Aminotransferase, Kynurenine-Oxoglutarate ...
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online.
Source Wikipedia, Books LLC, Books Group, 2010
10
Landmark Papers in Clinical Chemistry
128 was similarly found not to afiect the observed transaminase activity of serum. Increased concentration of aspartate in a given serum incubation mixture was seen to cause a greater increase in the observed rate of glutamate production ...
Richard M. Rocco, 2005

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «TRANSAMINASE»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term transaminase is used in the context of the following news items.
1
GABA Transaminase Inhibitors – Pipeline Insights, 2015: Research …
The Report GABA Transaminase Inhibitors – Pipeline Insights, 2015 provides information on pricing, market analysis, shares, forecast, and company profiles for ... «Medgadget.com, Jul 15»
2
Vertex Receives U.S. Food and Drug Administration Approval of …
High liver enzymes (transaminases; ALT and AST) have been reported in patients with CF receiving ivacaftor. Transaminase elevations were more common in ... «Business Wire, Mar 15»
3
Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Is Underrecognized in the Primary …
Methods Using automated data, we isolated a random sample of patients in a Veterans Administration facility who had ≥2 alanine transaminase (ALT) values ... «Medscape, Mar 15»
4
Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Medications Studied for Drug …
Overall, higher concentrations of imatinib and bosentan were not associated with increasing liver enzymes (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminases ... «Pulmonary Hypertension News, Jan 15»
5
FDA Expands Use of Ivacaftor (Kalydeco) for Cystic Fibrosis
Patients who develop increased transaminase levels should be closely monitored until the abnormalities resolve, the company notes. Dosing should be ... «Medscape, Dec 14»
6
Chuck Norris defeats the ice-bucket challenge
The problem is that the supplement in question, called glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase, or GOT, currently does not exist for human consumption. Significant ... «WND.com, Dec 14»
7
Gilead Presents Follow-up Data from Zydelig Registrational Studies …
Grade ≥3 transaminase elevations occurred in 14 percent of patients. Long-Term Data in CLL. Additional long-term data are being presented from Study 116 of ... «Business Wire, Dec 14»
8
Enzyme Replacement Cuts Liver Injury in LAL Deficiency
The cholesterol esters and triglycerides are stored primarily in the liver, and lead to liver injury, marked by persistently elevated transaminase levels, ... «Medscape, Nov 14»
9
Coffee, Even Decaf, May Promote Liver Health
... aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and gamma glutamyl transaminase (GGT). Elevated levels of these enzymes indicate liver dysfunction. «AIDSmeds.com HIV/AIDS Treatment News, Oct 14»
10
Decaf and Regular Coffee Good For The Liver, Study Finds
... including aminotransferase (ALT), aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and gamma glutamyl transaminase (GGT) to determine liver health. «Headlines & Global News, Oct 14»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Transaminase [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/transaminase>. Sep 2019 ».
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