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Meaning of "dextrorotary" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

PRONUNCIATION OF DEXTROROTARY

dextrorotary  [ˌdɛkstrəʊˈrəʊtərɪ] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF DEXTROROTARY

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Dextrorotary is an adjective.
The adjective is the word that accompanies the noun to determine or qualify it.

WHAT DOES DEXTROROTARY MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Dextrorotation and levorotation

Dextrorotation and levorotation refer to the properties of rotating plane polarized light. If the light rotates clockwise as it approaches an observer, this is known as dextrorotation, light with a rotation to the right. If the light rotates counterclockwise as it approaches the observer, then the light exhibits levorotation, rotation to the left. A compound with dextrorotation is called dextrorotatory or dextrorotary, while a compound with levorotation is called levorotatory or levorotary. Compounds with these properties are said to have optical activity and consist of chiral molecules. If a chiral molecule is dextrorotary, its enantiomer will be levorotary, and vice-versa. In fact, the enantiomers will rotate plane polarized light the same number of degrees, but in opposite directions. Apart from direct measurement of the optical rotation of an actual sample, it is only possible to determine whether a given chiral molecule will be levorotatory or dextrorotatory, directly from its absolute configuration, via detailed computer modeling. That is to say, both "R" and "S" stereocenters have the ability to be dextrorotatory or levorotatory.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH DEXTROROTARY


contributory
kənˈtrɪbjʊtərɪ
coterie
ˈkəʊtərɪ
distributary
dɪˈstrɪbjʊtərɪ
esotery
ˈɛsəʊtərɪ
executory
ɪɡˈzɛkjʊtərɪ
interlocutory
ˌɪntəˈlɒkjʊtərɪ
laevorotary
ˌliːvəʊˈrəʊtərɪ
levorotary
ˌliːvəʊˈrəʊtərɪ
locomotory
ˌləʊkəˈməʊtərɪ
motory
ˈməʊtərɪ
notary
ˈnəʊtərɪ
otary
ˈəʊtərɪ
prothonotary
ˌprəʊθəˈnəʊtərɪ
protonotary
ˌprəʊtəʊˈnəʊtərɪ
retributory
rɪˈtrɪbjʊtərɪ
rotary
ˈrəʊtərɪ
salutary
ˈsæljʊtərɪ
statutory
ˈstætjʊtərɪ
tributary
ˈtrɪbjʊtərɪ
votary
ˈvəʊtərɪ

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE DEXTROROTARY

dextran
dextranase
dextrin
dextrine
dextro
dextroamphetamine
dextrocardia
dextrocardiac
dextroglucose
dextrogyrate
dextrogyre
dextrorotation
dextrorotatory
dextrorsal
dextrorse
dextrorsely
dextrose
dextrous
dextrously
dextrousness

WORDS THAT END LIKE DEXTROROTARY

commentary
complementary
complimentary
dietary
documentary
elementary
hereditary
military
momentary
monetary
parliamentary
planetary
proprietary
sanitary
secretary
solitary
supplementary
the military
unitary
voluntary

Synonyms and antonyms of dextrorotary in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «dextrorotary» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF DEXTROROTARY

Find out the translation of dextrorotary to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of dextrorotary from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «dextrorotary» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

右旋
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

dextrorrotatorio
570 millions of speakers

English

dextrorotary
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

dextrorotary
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

ميمن
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

правовращающей
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

dextrorotary
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

dextrorotary
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

dextrogyre
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Dextrorotary
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

rechtsdreh
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

右旋性の
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

우선 성
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Dextrorotary
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

dextrorotary
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

வலம்சுழலுகின்ற
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

डेक्सट्रोरोटीरी
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

dektrorotar
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

destrogiro
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

prawoskrętny
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

правовращающей
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

dextrorotary
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

δεξιόστροφο
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

dextrorotary
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

dextrorotary
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

dextrorotary
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of dextrorotary

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «DEXTROROTARY»

The term «dextrorotary» is used very little and occupies the 179.196 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Rarely used
16
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «dextrorotary» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of dextrorotary
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «dextrorotary».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «DEXTROROTARY» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «dextrorotary» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «dextrorotary» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about dextrorotary

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «DEXTROROTARY»

Discover the use of dextrorotary in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to dextrorotary and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
The Journal of Physiology
My experiments on the blood-prcssuro thus indicate that I -adrenal in possesses the well-known action on the vessels while the dextrorotary isomer is inactive, and the synthetic racemic form being composed of equal parts of each acts with ...
2
Pharmacology for Nurse Anesthesiology
Asymmetric substitution of the chiral carbon in local anesthetics possessing a piperidine ring in their hydrophilic “tail” results in the generation of levo- and dextrorotary stereoisomers. Stereoisomers may exhibit similar or differential affinity for ...
Richard Ouellette, Joseph Joyce, 2010
3
Journal - Chemical Society, London
It has since been suggested to me that it would be interesting to ascertain whether cellulose formed by the ferment from lœvulose would yield a dextrorotary sugar ou treatment with sulphuric acid like ordinary cellulose, or whether a lœvorotary ...
Chemical Society (Great Britain), 1887
4
The collected works of Sir Humphry Davy ...: Discourses ...
Like the tannin, the starch disappears as the fruit ripens, although the quantity remains unaltered during the period of maximum acidity ; it is not, however, transformed into dextrorotary glucose, as Buignet has shown. As, moreover, the quantity ...
Sir Humphry Davy, John Davy, 1876
5
Elsevier's Dictionary of Vitamins and Pharmacochemistry
xH2O; starch sugar; starch gum; excipient; auxiliary in pharmaceutical technology .) Dextrin n dextrine f dextrinaf * dextrorotary → 1879 * dextrorotary crystal → 1880 1877 dextrorotary form; dextrorotatory form (Prod.) (Pharmaceutical chemistry ...
Henry Philippsborn, 2006
6
A Treatise on Chemistry and Chemical Analysis: Prepared for ...
A solution of maltose is dextrorotary, reduces Fehling's solution, and is easily fermented by yeast, yielding alcohol and carbon dioxide; thus, maltose alcohol Boiling with dilute acids converts maltose into glucose: 58. Other Dlst1ccharidcs.
7
Journal of the Chemical Society
In the fermentation in question, therefore, the bacteria have, in decomposing the inactive calcium lactate, attacked the dextrorotary molecules by preference, leaving the laevorotary molecules, or calcium sarcolactate, in the free state.
8
The Medical Current
Inactive to polarized light, galactose has a dextrorotary power of 23. 30" Page 626, "Cane sugar, heated a little above (3200 F.) is converted, without loss of weight, into a mixture of dextrose and levolusan." Page 627, " Carosaccharose is a ...
Eugene F. Starke, Wilson A. Smith, Wesley A. Dunn, 1892
9
International Library of Technology: A Series of Textbooks ...
A solution of maltose is dextrorotary, reduces Fehling's solution, and is easily fermented by yeast, yielding alcohol and carbon dioxide; thus, CnHJ)„+Ht0 = iCftO+iCOt maltose alcohol Boiling with dilute acids converts maltose into glucose : C ...
10
I/EC. Industrial and engineering chemistry
\Vhenever a cider vinegar polarizes to the right at 87° C., sucrose being absent, the vinegar has been adulterated with foreign dextrorotary materials, usually dextrose. Cider vinegar may be adulterated with foreign dextrorotary material and yet ...

3 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «DEXTROROTARY»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term dextrorotary is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Antibiotic Cuts Alcohol Cravings, May Enhance Psychotherapy
D-cycloserine is the dextrorotary form of cycloserine and is a partial agonist of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors, which play a central role in ... «Medscape, May 15»
2
Tinnitus: Turning Down the Volume
Sixteen study participants with tinnitus were treated with D-cycloserine -- the dextrorotary form of the antibiotic cycloserine, which has been ... «MedPage Today, Nov 14»
3
An Introduction to Chiral Chromatography
If the enantiomer rotates the light clockwise, it is known as dextrorotary and are denoted as (d) or (+) isomers. If the light is rotated anticlockwise ... «Chromatography Today, Sep 14»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Dextrorotary [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/dextrorotary>. Aug 2020 ».
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