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Meaning of "endonuclease" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

PRONUNCIATION OF ENDONUCLEASE

endonuclease  [ˌɛndəʊˈnjuːklɪˌeɪz] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF ENDONUCLEASE

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Endonuclease is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES ENDONUCLEASE MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Endonuclease

Endonucleases are enzymes that cleave the phosphodiester bond within a polynucleotide chain. Some, such as Deoxyribonuclease I, cut DNA relatively nonspecifically, while many, typically called restriction endonucleases or restriction enzymes, cleave only at very specific nucleotide sequences. Restriction enzymes are endonucleases from eubacteria and archea that recognize a specific DNA sequence. The nucleotide sequence recognized for cleavage by a restriction enzyme is called the restriction site. Typically, a restriction site will be a palindromic sequence of about four to six nucleotides long. Most restriction endonucleases cleave the DNA strand unevenly, leaving complementary single-stranded ends. These ends can reconnect through hybridization and are termed "sticky ends". Once paired, the phosphodiester bonds of the fragments can be joined by DNA ligase. There are hundreds of restriction endonucleases known, each attacking a different restriction site. The DNA fragments cleaved by the same endonuclease can be joined together regardless of the origin of the DNA. Such DNA is called recombinant DNA; DNA formed by the joining of genes into new combinations.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH ENDONUCLEASE


acetylcholinesterase
əˈsiːtaɪlˌkəʊliːnˈɛstərˌeɪz
always
ˈɔːlweɪz
anyways
ˈɛnɪˌweɪz
ATPase
ˌeɪtiːˈpiːˌeɪz
bez
beɪz
blaze
bleɪz
casease
ˈkeɪsɪˌeɪz
days
deɪz
exonuclease
ˌɛksəʊˈnjuːklɪˌeɪz
Hayes
heɪz
insulinase
ˈɪnsjʊlɪnˌeɪz
luciferase
ˈluːsɪfərˌeɪz
nuclease
ˈnjuːklɪˌeɪz
pes
peɪz
phase
feɪz
phrase
freɪz
praise
preɪz
raise
reɪz
stays
steɪz
thiaminase
ˈθaɪəmɪnˌeɪz

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE ENDONUCLEASE

endometrium
endomitosis
endomitotic
endomixis
endomorph
endomorphic
endomorphism
endomorphy
endomycorrhiza
endoneurium
endonucleolytic
endoparasite
endoparasitic
endoparasitism
endopeptidase
endoperoxide
endophagous
endophagy
endophitic
endophyllous

WORDS THAT END LIKE ENDONUCLEASE

block release
cable release
continuous-release
day release
disease
if you please
lease
lend-lease
modified-release
news release
please
prerelease
press release
quick-release
release
rerelease
ribonuclease
shutter release
sublease
sustained-release
yes please

Synonyms and antonyms of endonuclease in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «endonuclease» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF ENDONUCLEASE

Find out the translation of endonuclease to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of endonuclease from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «endonuclease» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

核酸内切酶
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

endonucleasa
570 millions of speakers

English

endonuclease
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

endonuclease
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

نوكلياز داخلية
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

эндонуклеазы
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

endonuclease
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

endonuclease
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

endonucléase
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Endonuclease
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Endonuklease
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

エンドヌクレアーゼ
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

엔도 뉴 클레아 제
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Endonuclease
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

endonuclease
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

எண்டோந்யூக்லியேஸ்
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

एंडोन्यूक्लेझ
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

endonükleaz
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

endonucleasi
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

endonukleaza
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

ендонуклеази
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

endonuclează
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

ενδονουκλεάση
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

endonuclease
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

endonukleas
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

endonuclease
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of endonuclease

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «ENDONUCLEASE»

The term «endonuclease» is regularly used and occupies the 82.037 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Regularly used
62
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «endonuclease» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of endonuclease
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «endonuclease».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «ENDONUCLEASE» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «endonuclease» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «endonuclease» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about endonuclease

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «ENDONUCLEASE»

Discover the use of endonuclease in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to endonuclease and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Overlapping Functions of MUS81 Endonuclease and DmBlm ...
AAAABSTRACTBSTRACTBSTRACTBSTRACT Kirsten Elise Trowbridge Kirsten Elise Trowbridge Kirsten Elise Trowbridge Kirsten Elise Trowbridge:::: Overlapping Functions of MUS81 Endonuclease and Overlapping Functions of MUS81 ...
Kirsten Elise Trowbridge, 2007
2
Mechanistic Studies of Specific DNA Cleavage by PvuII ...
The target protein we mainly work with in this chapter is PvuII restriction endonuclease. PvuII restriction endonuclease is a homodimeric enzyme of 18kDa. It recognizes DNA sequences 5'-CAG↓CTG-3' and cleaves DNA duplex in the ...
Fuqian Xie, 2008
3
Repair of Endonuclease- and Transposon-induced DNA Double ...
Zhuying Li. in plants (Gorbunova and Levy, 1999). The roles of host factors and Ac transposase in Ac/Ds transposition-induced DSB repair in plants are unknown . In yeast, Ku and Mrell are involved in Ac/Ds transposition-induced DSB repair ...
Zhuying Li, 2006
4
Functional Interactions Between Replication Protein A, Dna2, ...
Flap endonuclease 1 (FEN1) and Dna2 are responsible for flap cleavage. Replication protein A (RPA)-bound flaps inhibit cleavage by FEN1 but stimulate Dna2, requiring that Dna2 cleave prior to FEN1. Upon cleavage, Dna2 leaves a short ...
Jason Aaron Stewart, 2009
5
The Enzyme Reference: A Comprehensive Guidebook to Enzyme ...
... 123 Betaine-Aldehyde Dehydrogenase, 123 Betaine:Homocysteine Methyltransferase, 123 Betaine-transporting ATPase, 738 Bfal Restriction Endonuclease, 123 Bgll Restriction Endonuclease, 123 Bglll Restriction Endonuclease, 124 Bile ...
Daniel L. Purich, R. Donald Allison, 2003
6
Homing Endonucleases and Inteins
Protein-splicing and homing endonuclease functionalities have separate active sites. Mutation of intein active site residues do not block endonuclease function and vice versa (Hodges et al. 1992; Kawasaki et al. 1997). Phylogenetic analysis  ...
Marlene Belfort, Barry L. Stoddard, David W. Wood, 2008
7
Molecular Biology of Nucleases
The gene (APN1) for major yeast AP endonuclease has been identified, cloned, and sequenced (Popoff et al., 1990). 3. Drosophila AP Endonucleases Two distinct AP endonucleases have been extensively purified from Drosophila embryo.
Nawin C. Mishra, 1995
8
Base Excision Repair of DNA Damage
The schematic representation of the endonuclease IV family of AP endonucleases. The 'core' DNA repair domain conserved in all examples is shown by the open box with the protein name (or database accession number) within. The N- and ...
Ian D. Hickson, 1997
9
Lehninger Principles of Biochemistry
(plasmid) (T) Cloning vector is cleaved with restriction endonuclease. Eukaryotic chromosome (2) DNA fragment of interest is obtained by cleaving chromosome with a restriction endonuclease. ® Fragments are ligated to the prepared cloning  ...
Albert L. Lehninger, David L. Nelson, Michael M. Cox, 2005
10
Mitochondrial DNA: Methods and Protocols
ojects have identified the Endonuclease G gene in Homo sapiens, s, Caenorhabditis elegans, Rattus norvegicus, Xenopus laevis, lla melanogaster. Of interest, although many bacterial species li lack Endonuclease G, Serratia marcesens and ...
William C. Copeland, 2002

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «ENDONUCLEASE»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term endonuclease is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Surveying the repair of ancient DNA from bones via high-throughput …
If they are not removed by endonuclease IV, new abasic sites can be created during enzymatic repair, artificially increasing the level of pre-existing DNA ... «BioTechniques.com, Jul 15»
2
Parathyroid function Key role for dicer-dependent miRNAs
... the parathyroid glands in response to hypocalcaemia and uraemia is dependent on endonuclease dicer and microRNA (miRNA) maturation. «Nature.com, Jun 15»
3
Genome Editing: An Inside Job
CRISPR-Cas9 is a system that utilizes synthetic guide RNAs to facilitate targeted DNA breaks via the action of the bacterial Cas9 endonuclease ... «Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News, Jun 15»
4
Bio-Rad Adds Genome Editing Analysis to List of ddPCR Applications
Other methods to detect genome editing events include qPCR and gel-based T7 endonuclease surveyor assays. "You can observe on a gel ... «GenomeWeb, Jun 15»
5
[Report] A Cas9–guide RNA complex preorganized for target DNA …
In type II CRISPR-Cas systems, activation of Cas9 endonuclease for DNA recognition upon guide RNA binding occurs by an unknown ... «Military Technologies, Jun 15»
6
bluebird bio Announces Pricing of Public Offering of Common Stock
... T immuno-oncology programs, as well as discovery research programs utilizing megaTALs/homing endonuclease gene editing technologies. «Benzinga, Jun 15»
7
Bluebird Bio Inc.: Kite Pharma and bluebird bio Announce Strategic …
... T immuno-oncology programs, as well as discovery research programs utilizing megaTALs/homing endonuclease gene editing technologies. «The Wall Street Transcript, Jun 15»
8
Simplifying CRISPR
CRISPRs (Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats) and the Cas9 endonuclease were originally identified in bacteria and ... «Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News, Jun 15»
9
Bluebird Bio Inc.: Philip Gregory, D. Phil., Joins bluebird bio as Chief …
... T immuno-oncology programs, as well as discovery research programs utilizing megaTALs/homing endonuclease gene editing technologies. «The Wall Street Transcript, Jun 15»
10
bluebird bio Reports New Beta-thalassemia Major and Severe …
... T immuno-oncology programs as well as discovery research programs utilizing megaTALs/homing endonuclease gene editing technologies. «PharmiWeb.com, Jun 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Endonuclease [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/endonuclease>. Jul 2019 ».
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