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Meaning of "gramicidin D" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

PRONUNCIATION OF GRAMICIDIN D

gramicidin D  [ˌɡræmɪˈsaɪdɪn diː] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF GRAMICIDIN D

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Gramicidin D is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES GRAMICIDIN D MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Gramicidin

Gramicidin is a heterogeneous mixture of three antibiotic compounds, gramicidins A, B and C, making up 80%, 6%, and 14% respectively, all of which are obtained from the soil bacterial species Bacillus brevis and called collectively gramicidin D. Gramicidin D are linear pentadecapeptides; that is chains made up of 15 amino acids. This is in contrast to gramicidin S which is a cyclic peptide chain.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH GRAMICIDIN D


ABD
ˌeɪbiːˈdiː
attendee
əˌtɛnˈdiː
BDD
ˌbiːdiːˈdiː
budi
ˈbʊdiː
CRD
ˌsiːɑːˈdiː
dee
diː
DTD
ˌdiːtiːˈdiː
Dundee
dʌnˈdiː
FDD
ˌɛfdiːˈdiː
fundi
ˈfʊndiː
GED
ˌdʒiːiːˈdiː
mehndi
ˈmendiː
R&D
ˌɑːrənˈdiː
Saadi
sɑːˈdiː
Sadi
sɑːˈdiː
secondi
seˈkɒndiː
Sekondi
ˌsɛkənˈdiː
soldi
ˈsɒldiː
vendee
vɛnˈdiː
VFD
ˌviːɛfˈdiː

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE GRAMICIDIN D

gram.
Gram´s method
grama
grama grass
gramary
gramarye
gramash
grame
gramercy
gramicidin
graminaceous
gramineous
graminicolous
graminivorous
graminology
gramma
grammage
grammalogue
grammar
grammar book

WORDS THAT END LIKE GRAMICIDIN D

Category D
R & D
vitamin D

Synonyms and antonyms of gramicidin D in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «gramicidin D» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF GRAMICIDIN D

Find out the translation of gramicidin D to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of gramicidin D from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «gramicidin D» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

短杆菌肽D
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

gramicidina D
570 millions of speakers

English

gramicidin D
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

gramicidin डी
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

الجراميسيدين D
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

грамицидин D
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

gramicidin D
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

gramicidin
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

gramicidine D
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Gramicidin
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Gramicidin D
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

グラミシジンD
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

그래미시 딘 D
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Gramawan
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

gramicidin D
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

கிரேமிசைடினைத்
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

ग्रॅमिकिडिन
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

gramicidin
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

gramicidina D
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

gramicydyna D
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

грамицидин D
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

Gramicidin D
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

gramicidin D
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

gramicidine D
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

gramicidin D
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

gramicidin D
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of gramicidin D

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «GRAMICIDIN D»

The term «gramicidin D» is used very little and occupies the 183.272 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Rarely used
14
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «gramicidin D» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of gramicidin D
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «gramicidin D».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «GRAMICIDIN D» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «gramicidin D» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «gramicidin D» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about gramicidin D

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «GRAMICIDIN D»

Discover the use of gramicidin D in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to gramicidin D and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Patch-Clamp Analysis: Advanced Techniques
Gramicidin Commercially available gramicidin is usually a mixture of gramicidin A, B, and C, which is termed gramicidin D (Sigma G5002). The pipet solution is usually prepared by first dissolving gramicidin D either in methanol at 10 mg/mL,  ...
Wolfgang Walz, Alan A. Boulton, Glen B. Baker, 2002
2
Gramicidin and Related Ion Channel-Forming Peptides
Gramicidin D is a mixture of similar peptides synthesized by Bari//ax breair during sporulation. As well being able to form ion channels, gramicidin D was also found to be an inhibitor of transcription by RNA polymerase (Sarkar & Paulus 1972, ...
Novartis Foundation, 2008
3
Applications of Electrochemistry and Nanotechnology in ...
Analysis of Gramicidin D Activity We aimed to reconstitute ion channels in pore- spanning membranes by fusion of proteoliposomes on functionalized porous substrates. Gramicidin D turned out to be a good test case for the development of the ...
Noam Eliaz, 2011
4
Bioactive Proteins and Peptides as Functional Foods and ...
2003), and gramicidin D (Liu and Caffrey 2005). A mechanism for the “in meso” crystallization process has been proposed by Caffrey (2000), who posits that the purified and detergent- solubilized membrane protein reconstitutes into the lipid ...
Yoshinori Mine, PhD, Eunice Li-Chan, Bo Jiang, 2011
5
Preclinical and Clinical Modulation of Anticancer Drugs
However, K562/ADM cells demonstrated slight or marginal cross-resistance against such ionophores, although monensin enhanced the cytotoxicity of vincristine in K562/ ADM cells. Gramicidin D was classified separately as it did not compete ...
Kenneth D. Tew, Peter J. Houghton, Janet A. Houghton, 1993
6
Protein & Peptide Letters
Gramicidin D (a mixture of gramicidin A, B, and C) was purchased from ICN Nutritional Biochemicals; spectroscopic grade methanol from Aldrich, and rubidium chloride from Koch-Light Laboratories Ltd were used. Methanol stock solutions of ...
7
Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes
X-ray studies also yielded structural information on the channel forming peptide Gramicidin D. This peptide is known to form well-defined dimeric channels in lipid bilayers [68]. Gramicidin D apparently stretches DLPC bilayers and thins DMPC ...
A. Leitmannova Liu, 2011
8
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Antimicrobial Drug Action
However, the pore-forming ionophores gramicidin D. a linear peptide structurally related to gramicidin A. and lasalocid show a surprising degree of selective toxicity for the malarial protozoal parasite Plasmod- ium falciparum. The sensitivity of ...
Trevor J. Franklin, George Alan Snow, 2005
9
Biosensors for Direct Monitoring of Environmental Pollutants ...
When using 8 |iM gramicidin D, the ion current values were also found to be linearly related to ammonium ion concentration within the range 0.02 to 5 mM {I( nA) = 1 1 12.3 C (mM) + 532.1, r2 = 0.997}. The detection limit of ammonium ions  ...
Dimitrios Nikolelis, 1997
10
Intelligent Surfaces in Biotechnology: Scientific and ...
... have been investigated. Nikolelis et al.145 used gramicidin in stabilized metal- supported BLMs to develop an ammonium ion sensor. Gritsch et al.146 and we20,147 investiga ed the impact of native gramicidin D, a mixture of gramicidin A, B, ...
H. Michelle Grandin, Marcus Textor, 2012

NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «GRAMICIDIN D»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term gramicidin D is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Effects of Low-Intensity Ultrasound on Gramicidin D-Induced …
Methods—Red blood cell edema was induced by gramicidin D treatment at 40 ng/mL for 20 minutes and evaluated by a hematocrit assay. «Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine, May 14»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Gramicidin D [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/gramicidin-d>. Dec 2022 ».
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