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Meaning of "programmed cell death" in the English dictionary

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DICTIONARY
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PRONUNCIATION OF PROGRAMMED CELL DEATH

programmed cell death play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF PROGRAMMED CELL DEATH

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Programmed cell death is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES PROGRAMMED CELL DEATH MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Programmed cell death

Programmed cell-death is death of a cell in any form, mediated by an intracellular program. PCD is carried out in a regulated process, which usually confers advantage during an organism's life-cycle. For example, the differentiation of fingers and toes in a developing human embryo occurs because cells between the fingers apoptose; the result is that the digits are separate. PCD serves fundamental functions during both plant and metazoa tissue development. Apoptosis and autophagy are both forms of programmed cell death, but necrosis is a non-physiological process that occurs as a result of infection or injury. Necrosis is the death of a cell caused by external factors such as trauma or infection and occurs in several different forms. Recently a form of programmed necrosis, called necroptosis, has been recognized as an alternate form of programmed cell death. It is hypothesized that necroptosis can serve as a cell-death backup to apoptosis when the apoptosis signaling is blocked by endogenous or exogenous factors such as viruses or mutations.

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE PROGRAMMED CELL DEATH

programer
programmability
programmable
programmatic
programme
programme editor
programme evaluation and review technique
programme music
programme notes
programme of study
programme planner
programme planning
programme seller
programme-maker
programmed camera
programmed learning
programmer
programming
programming language
programming skills

WORDS THAT END LIKE PROGRAMMED CELL DEATH

a matter of life and death
accidental death
brain death
breath
catch one´s death
death
flog to death
in at the death
kiss of death
life-and-death
life-or-death
like grim death
living death
maternal death
megadeath
put to death
scared to death
sudden cardiac death
sudden death
to death
wall of death

Synonyms and antonyms of programmed cell death in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «programmed cell death» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF PROGRAMMED CELL DEATH

Find out the translation of programmed cell death to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of programmed cell death from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «programmed cell death» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

程序性细胞死亡
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

la muerte celular programada
570 millions of speakers

English

programmed cell death
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

क्रमादेशित कोशिका मृत्यु
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

موت الخلية المبرمج
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

запрограммированная гибель клеток
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

morte celular programada
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

প্রোগ্রাম সেল মৃত্যুর
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

la mort cellulaire programmée
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Kematian sel diprogram
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

programmierten Zelltod
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

プログラム細胞死
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

프로그램 된 세포 사멸
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Pati programmed sel
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

chết tế bào lập trình
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

திட்டமிடப்பட்ட செல் மரணம்
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

प्रोग्राम सेल मृत्यू
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

Programlanmış hücre ölümü
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

morte cellulare programmata
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

programowaną śmierć komórki
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

запрограмована загибель клітин
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

moartea celulară programată
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

προγραμματισμένο κυτταρικό θάνατο
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

seldood
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

programmerad celldöd
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

programmert celledød
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of programmed cell death

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «PROGRAMMED CELL DEATH»

The term «programmed cell death» is regularly used and occupies the 85.335 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
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100%
FREQUENCY
Regularly used
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The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «programmed cell death» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of programmed cell death
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «programmed cell death».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «PROGRAMMED CELL DEATH» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «programmed cell death» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «programmed cell death» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about programmed cell death

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «PROGRAMMED CELL DEATH»

Discover the use of programmed cell death in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to programmed cell death and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Programmed Cell Death in Cancer Progression and Therapy
With this book, we give a comprehensive overview of the mechanisms that are involved in mediating and regulating PCD in cancer. We also provide a detailed indication of the utility of PCD in cancer therapy.
Roya Khosravi-Far, Eileen White, 2007
2
Programmed Cell Death in Protozoa
The eleven chapters of this book give the reader a comprehensive update of the progress in the understanding of the mechanisms of PCD in protozoa.
Jose Perez-Martin, 2008
3
Programmed Cell Death
This volume addresses the significant advances with the techniques that are being used to analyze cell death. *Provides the necessary, trusted methods to carry out this research on the latest techniques.
Roya Khosravi-Far, Zahra Zakeri, Richard A. Lockshin, 2008
4
Acute Neuronal Injury: The Role of Excitotoxic Programmed ...
The purpose of this book is to present clinically relevant basic mechanisms of excitotoxic neuronal death, which in the adult mammalian brain is morphologically necrotic, not apoptotic, and which involve caspase-independent mechanisms of ...
Denson G. Fujikawa, 2010
5
Programmed Cell Death in Plants
This volume concludes by stating how new model systems, careful assessment of cell death events, and markers specific to plant PCD are each required for additional insight into plant PCD processes.
John Gray, 2004
6
Programmed Cell Death in Higher Plants
Cell death research in the plant field has also been expanding rapidly in the past 5 years. This special volume of Plant Molecular Biology seeks to bring together examples of a diverse array of experimental approaches in a single volume.
E. Lam, H. Fukuda, J. Greenberg, 2000
7
Plant Cell Death Processes
This is changing fast and is becoming more of a focus of intensive research. This edited work will bring under one cover recent reviews of programmed cell death, apoptosis and senescence.
Larry D. Nooden, 2003
8
Programmed Cell Death in Tumours and Tissues
A section on biochemical, immunological, and microscopial techniques for cell death allows the volume to be used as a laboratory manual.
I.D. Bowen, Sandra Maureen Bowen, 1990
9
Programmed Cell Death
Only recently have the cellular and molecular aspects of cell suicide (or perhaps euthanasia) been investigated.
Martin Lavin, Diane Watters, 1993
10
Molecular Mechanisms of Programmed Cell Death
The 2002 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to Sydney Brenner, H. Robert Horvitz, and John E. Sulston for their seminal discoveries concerning "genetic regulation of organ development and programmed cell death.
Yufang Shi, 2003

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «PROGRAMMED CELL DEATH»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term programmed cell death is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Cellular 'Cheaters' Give Rise to Cancer
Under normal circumstances, a cell that goes berserk is quickly eliminated through a mechanism called programmed cell death, or cellular ... «New York Times, Jul 15»
2
OncoGenex Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ:OGXI) Short Interest …
... of caspase activators that have been in-licensed from Bayer and demonstrate activation of programmed cell death in pre-clinical models. «Money Flow Index, Jul 15»
3
New treatment options for a fatal leukemia
One such drug is Venetoclax, which specifically targets the protein BCL2 relevant for the programmed cell death and already worked for other ... «Medical Xpress, Jul 15»
4
Stat3 regulates ErbB-2 expression and co-opts ErbB-2 nuclear …
Increased levels of miR-21, in turn, downregulate the expression of the metastasis-suppressor protein programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4), ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
5
Disrupting Na + ,HCO 3 – -cotransporter NBCn1 (Slc4a7) delays …
The cleaved fraction of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP)-1 provides a measure of programmed cell death. Consistent with increased ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
6
The tumour microenvironment after radiotherapy: mechanisms of …
In both figures, programmed cell death protein 1 (PD1) was shown to be expressed on the cancer cell and PD1 ligand 1 (PDL1) was shown to ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
7
CSIR team testing cow urine for medical benefits, govt tells LS
... nutrient and anti-cancer properties, as well as its use as an anti-oxidant and one on cow urine causing apoptosis or programmed cell death. «The Indian Express, Jul 15»
8
Attacking cancer: are therapeutic vaccines on the verge of fulfilling …
... T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4) and programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1), which dampen the body's immune response. «The Pharmaceutical Journal, Jul 15»
9
Dartmouth researchers perform first total syntheses of compounds …
These are structurally complex molecules that are capable of including apoptosis, or programmed cell death, in certain human leukemia cell ... «News-Medical.net, Jul 15»
10
Earnings of $-0.26 per Share Expected for Keryx …
... N-terminal kinases pathway, all of which are pathways associated with programmed cell death, cell growth, cell differentiation and survival. «Markets Daily, Jul 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Programmed cell death [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/programmed-cell-death>. Apr 2020 ».
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