Educalingo cookies are used to personalize ads and get web traffic statistics. We also share information about the use of the site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners.
View details Got it
Download the app
educalingo
Search
Men ought either to be indulged or utterly destroyed, for if you merely offend them they take vengeance, but if you injure them greatly they are unable to retaliate, so that the injury done to a man ought to be such that vengeance cannot be feared.
Niccolo Machiavelli

Meaning of "retaliate" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD RETALIATE

From Late Latin retāliāre, from Latin re- + tālis of such kind.
info
Etymology is the study of the origin of words and their changes in structure and significance.
facebooktwitterpinterestwhatsapp
section

PRONUNCIATION OF RETALIATE

retaliate  [rɪˈtælɪˌeɪt] play
facebooktwitterpinterestwhatsapp

GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF RETALIATE

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Retaliate is a verb.
The verb is the part of the sentence that is conjugated and expresses action and state of being.

See the conjugation of the verb retaliate in English.

WHAT DOES RETALIATE MEAN IN ENGLISH?

retaliate

Revenge

Revenge is a harmful action against a person or group in response to a grievance, be it real or perceived. It is also called payback, retribution, retaliation or vengeance; it may be characterized as a form of justice, an altruistic action which enforces societal or moral justice aside from the legal system. Francis Bacon described it as a kind of "wild justice" that "does... offend the law putteth the law out of office".

Definition of retaliate in the English dictionary

The first definition of retaliate in the dictionary is to take retributory action, esp by returning some injury or wrong in kind. Other definition of retaliate is to cast back upon a person. Retaliate is also to avenge.

CONJUGATION OF THE VERB TO RETALIATE

PRESENT

Present
I retaliate
you retaliate
he/she/it retaliates
we retaliate
you retaliate
they retaliate
Present continuous
I am retaliating
you are retaliating
he/she/it is retaliating
we are retaliating
you are retaliating
they are retaliating
Present perfect
I have retaliated
you have retaliated
he/she/it has retaliated
we have retaliated
you have retaliated
they have retaliated
Present perfect continuous
I have been retaliating
you have been retaliating
he/she/it has been retaliating
we have been retaliating
you have been retaliating
they have been retaliating
Present tense is used to refer to circumstances that exist at the present time or over a period that includes the present time. The present perfect refers to past events, although it can be considered to denote primarily the resulting present situation rather than the events themselves.

PAST

Past
I retaliated
you retaliated
he/she/it retaliated
we retaliated
you retaliated
they retaliated
Past continuous
I was retaliating
you were retaliating
he/she/it was retaliating
we were retaliating
you were retaliating
they were retaliating
Past perfect
I had retaliated
you had retaliated
he/she/it had retaliated
we had retaliated
you had retaliated
they had retaliated
Past perfect continuous
I had been retaliating
you had been retaliating
he/she/it had been retaliating
we had been retaliating
you had been retaliating
they had been retaliating
Past tense forms express circumstances existing at some time in the past,

FUTURE

Future
I will retaliate
you will retaliate
he/she/it will retaliate
we will retaliate
you will retaliate
they will retaliate
Future continuous
I will be retaliating
you will be retaliating
he/she/it will be retaliating
we will be retaliating
you will be retaliating
they will be retaliating
Future perfect
I will have retaliated
you will have retaliated
he/she/it will have retaliated
we will have retaliated
you will have retaliated
they will have retaliated
Future perfect continuous
I will have been retaliating
you will have been retaliating
he/she/it will have been retaliating
we will have been retaliating
you will have been retaliating
they will have been retaliating
The future is used to express circumstances that will occur at a later time.

CONDITIONAL

Conditional
I would retaliate
you would retaliate
he/she/it would retaliate
we would retaliate
you would retaliate
they would retaliate
Conditional continuous
I would be retaliating
you would be retaliating
he/she/it would be retaliating
we would be retaliating
you would be retaliating
they would be retaliating
Conditional perfect
I would have retaliate
you would have retaliate
he/she/it would have retaliate
we would have retaliate
you would have retaliate
they would have retaliate
Conditional perfect continuous
I would have been retaliating
you would have been retaliating
he/she/it would have been retaliating
we would have been retaliating
you would have been retaliating
they would have been retaliating
Conditional or "future-in-the-past" tense refers to hypothetical or possible actions.

IMPERATIVE

Imperative
you retaliate
we let´s retaliate
you retaliate
The imperative is used to form commands or requests.
NONFINITE VERB FORMS
Infinitive
to retaliate
Past participle
retaliated
Present Participle
retaliating
Infinitive shows the action beyond temporal perspective. The present participle or gerund shows the action during the session. The past participle shows the action after completion.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH RETALIATE


affiliate
əˈfɪlɪˌeɪt
antliate
ˈæntlɪˌeɪt
binucleate
baɪˈnjuːklɪˌeɪt
conciliate
kənˈsɪlɪˌeɪt
curvifoliate
ˌkɜːvɪˈfəʊlɪˌeɪt
defoliate
diːˈfəʊlɪˌeɪt
disaffiliate
ˌdɪsəˈfɪlɪˌeɪt
domiciliate
ˌdɒmɪˈsɪlɪˌeɪt
enucleate
ɪˈnjuːklɪˌeɪt
exfoliate
ɛksˈfəʊlɪˌeɪt
filiate
ˈfɪlɪˌeɪt
gangliate
ˈɡæŋɡlɪˌeɪt
humiliate
hjuːˈmɪlɪˌeɪt
interfoliate
ˌɪntəˈfəʊlɪˌeɪt
linoleate
lɪˈnəʊlɪˌeɪt
maleate
ˈmælɪˌeɪt
malleate
ˈmælɪˌeɪt
oleate
ˈəʊlɪˌeɪt
palliate
ˈpælɪˌeɪt
talliate
ˈtælɪˌeɪt

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE RETALIATE

retained object
retainer
retainership
retaining ring
retaining wall
retainment
retake
retaken
retaker
retaking
retaliation
retaliationist
retaliative
retaliator
retaliatory
retally
retama
retape
retard
retardant

WORDS THAT END LIKE RETALIATE

angustifoliate
appreciate
appropriate
associate
bifoliate
ciliate
emolliate
foliate
forisfamiliate
immediate
inappropriate
intermediate
multifoliate
perfoliate
quadrifoliate
quinquefoliate
sinupalliate
spoliate
trifoliate
unifoliate

Synonyms and antonyms of retaliate in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

SYNONYMS OF «RETALIATE»

The following words have a similar or identical meaning as «retaliate» and belong to the same grammatical category.
synonyms of retaliate

Translation of «retaliate» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF RETALIATE

Find out the translation of retaliate to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of retaliate from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «retaliate» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

报复
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

tomar represalias
570 millions of speakers

English

retaliate
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

जवाबी कार्रवाई
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

الرد
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

ответные меры
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

retaliar
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

প্রতিহিংসা গ্রহণ করা
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

riposter
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Membalas dendam
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Vergeltung üben
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

仕返しをする
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

보복하다
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Retaliate
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

trả lại
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

பதிலடி
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

बदला घेणे
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

misilleme yapmak
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

reagire
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

odwet
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

відповідь заходи
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

răzbuna
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

αντίποινα
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

terugslaan
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

vidta motåtgärder
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

gjengjelde
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of retaliate

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «RETALIATE»

The term «retaliate» is quite widely used and occupies the 53.764 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Quite widely used
75
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «retaliate» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of retaliate
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «retaliate».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «RETALIATE» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «retaliate» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «retaliate» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about retaliate

EXAMPLES

10 QUOTES WITH «RETALIATE»

Famous quotes and sentences with the word retaliate.
1
Wendell Berry
We cannot know the whole truth, which belongs to God alone, but our task nevertheless is to seek to know what is true. And if we offend gravely enough against what we know to be true, as by failing badly enough to deal affectionately and responsibly with our land and our neighbors, truth will retaliate with ugliness, poverty, and disease.
2
Bert Blyleven
When you're not at the top of your game and you feel like the other team is laughing and embarrassing you by doing certain things, it's time to retaliate.
3
Mangosuthu Buthelezi
My people have been sucked into the violence because some feel they have to retaliate, and some feel they have to protect themselves.
4
John Foster Dulles
Our capacity to retaliate must be, and is, massive in order to deter all forms of aggression.
5
Alan Greenspan
Protectionism will do little to create jobs and if foreigners retaliate, we will surely lose jobs.
6
Niccolo Machiavelli
Men ought either to be indulged or utterly destroyed, for if you merely offend them they take vengeance, but if you injure them greatly they are unable to retaliate, so that the injury done to a man ought to be such that vengeance cannot be feared.
7
Russell Means
All European tradition, Marxism included, has conspired to defy the natural order of all things. Mother Earth has been abused, the powers have been abused, and this cannot go on forever. No theory can alter that simple fact. Mother Earth will retaliate, the whole environment will retaliate, and the abusers will be eliminated.
8
Chuck Norris
I don't initiate violence, I retaliate.
9
Edward James Olmos
There are nuclear weapons in China, Iran, Korea and Pakistan. It wouldn't take much to send a couple of warheads off on this planet somewhere that would cause a lot of environmental damage, then if you have got someone who wants to retaliate you have real problems.
10
Stephen M. Walt
Israel has a sizeable nuclear arsenal and could retaliate if it were attacked.

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «RETALIATE»

Discover the use of retaliate in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to retaliate and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Payback: Why We Retaliate, Redirect Aggression, and Take Revenge
We all know what it is like to want to get even, get justice, or take revenge. What is new in this book is an extended discussion of redirected aggression, which occurs not only in people but other species as well.
David P. Barash, Judith Eve Lipton, 2011
2
Artificial Intelligence for Computer Games
Against easy-difficulty opponents, RETALIATE quickly achieves a good performance (typically very early in the first game). Against medium-difficulty opponents, it will learn a winning policy within the first half of the game. Against some of the ...
Pedro Antonio González-Calero, Marco Antonio Gómez-Martín, 2011
3
The True Story of Pocahontas: The Other Side of History
Chief Japazaw did not retaliate. The paramount chief of the Powhatan nation, Chief Powhatan Wahunsenaca, did not retaliate, neither against the Potowomac tribe nor the English colonists. Pocahontas did not retaliate. Why not? The answer ...
Linwood Custalow, Angela L. Daniel, 2007
4
Sociobiology and Bioeconomics: The Theory of Evolution in ...
If player 2 does not retaliate at step 3, the game stops and payoffs remain unaltered. But if Retaliate is chosen, then (step 4) player 1 may also choose to Retaliate, or to Non-Retaliate (but with probablity 1 .0). In steps 3 and 4, R always beats ...
Peter Koslowski, 1999
5
Why Spanking Doesn't Work: Stopping This Bad Habit and ...
This finding also suggests that the punished students may retaliate against the school with some aggression of their own in the form of school vandalism. This relationship between officially condoned violence and the degree of violence ...
Michael J. Marshall, 2002
6
Aversive Interpersonal Behaviors
Also, like forgiveness, the decision not to retaliate but instead turn one's cheek reflects positively on the inducer's character. There is some empirical evidence for the effectiveness of this technique. Legant and Mettee (1973) led individuals to ...
Robin M. Kowalski, 1997
7
I'd Rather be Right Than Happy!: The Perfect Formula for Failure
This is usually at an unconscious level as it is difficult for you to consciously believe you are the type of person that would deliberately retaliate. It is difficult to accept there is no just cause to retaliate, no matter what the other person has done.
Theresa M. Benjamin, 2001
8
Lord, I'm Listening: From His Heart To Your Heart – Over 100 ...
Don't try to get back or retaliate in any way, as that would make matters worse. I, too, am a jealous God. I want My children's undivided attention. I don't want them looking to others for answers. This breaks My heart. Come to Me, all you who ...
One Listener, 2011
9
Protect Your Child from Bullying: Expert Advice to Help You ...
12. Why. Some. Victims. Retaliate,. Self-Harm,. or. Commit. Suicide. Dear Dr. Beane: When I was fifteenyears oldI lost my hair to a skin condition called alopecia. My hairstarted to fall out. I lost all ofmy hair on my entire body. When I went to ...
Allan L. Beane, 2008
10
David: A Man of Passion and Destiny
I'm not saying retaliate. I'm saying anticipate the feelings of revenge, because you can be sure they will come. It's the nature of the beast. Handling mistreatment doesn't come naturally. Which is why Jesus' truth is so revolutionary: “Do unto ...
Charles Swindoll, 1997

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «RETALIATE»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term retaliate is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Intel chief: US decided not to retaliate for Sony hack
ASPEN, Colorado (AP) — The Director of National Intelligence says the Obama administration made a conscious decision not to use technology to retaliate ... «U.S. News & World Report, Jul 15»
2
Locals retaliate as Jhb pupil shot dead by foreign shop owner
A 17-year-old pupil from the Landulwazi Secondary School in Thokoza, south of Johannesburg, was allegedly shot and killed by a foreign national after the boy ... «The Citizen, Jul 15»
3
Members Of Congress Are Calling For Obama To Retaliate Against …
SAN FRANCISCO – President Obama is facing pressure to retaliate against the hack that captured personal data on millions of federal employees. “We must ... «BuzzFeed News, Jun 15»
4
Obama under pressure to retaliate for hack
That means any retaliation for the OPM breach could set a precedent, putting all eyes on Obama to see how — and if — he reacts. The administration has been ... «The Hill, Jun 15»
5
Russia says will retaliate if US weapons stationed on its borders
... and heavy weapons in NATO states on Russia's border would be the most aggressive U.S. act since the Cold War, and Moscow would retaliate by beefing up ... «Reuters UK, Jun 15»
6
Kremlin: Russia Will Retaliate If G7 Nations Strengthen Sanctions
Russia is prepared to retaliate against the Group of Seven leading industrial nations should they choose to toughen economic sanctions on Moscow, Kremlin ... «The Moscow Times, Jun 15»
7
Cyberattack: US should retaliate for theft of personal data …
Cyberattack: US should retaliate for theft of personal data, congressmen say ... Washington: The Obama administration should retaliate for a cyberattack on ... «Sydney Morning Herald, Jun 15»
8
JSC chief vows to retaliate against N. Korea's provocations
"If the North makes provocations, we should retaliate against the North without hesitation and mercy." The remarks came as North Korea has ratcheted up its ... «Yonhap News, Jun 15»
9
Canada will retaliate against American meat-labelling laws by autumn
Canada will likely be able to impose retaliatory tariffs against the United States by late summer or early fall, if Washington doesn't repeal its country of origin ... «The Globe and Mail, May 15»
10
Pentagon's New Cyber Strategy Cites Ability to Retaliate
U.S. Defense Secretary Ash Carter is due to unveil an updated cyber strategy on Thursday that will stress the military's ability to retaliate with cyber weapons, ... «Re/code, Apr 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Retaliate [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/retaliate>. Jul 2021 ».
Download the educalingo app
en
English dictionary
Discover all that is hidden in the words on
index
a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z