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I start from scratch with each movie; I wipe the slate and I certainly don't rely on some bag of acting tricks I've amassed over the years.
Christian Bale

Meaning of "scratch" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD SCRATCH

Via Old French escrater from Germanic; compare Old High German krazzōn (German kratzen); related to Old French gratter to grate1.
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Etymology is the study of the origin of words and their changes in structure and significance.
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PRONUNCIATION OF SCRATCH

scratch  [skrætʃ] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF SCRATCH

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Scratch is a verb and can also act as a noun and an adjective.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

The adjective is the word that accompanies the noun to determine or qualify it.

The verb is the part of the sentence that is conjugated and expresses action and state of being.

See the conjugation of the verb scratch in English.

WHAT DOES SCRATCH MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Scratch

A scratch is a mark of abrasion on a surface: It may also refer to: ▪ A rather small amount of extra money ▪ Scratchings, a snack made from pork rind...

Definition of scratch in the English dictionary

The first definition of scratch in the dictionary is to mark or cut with a rough or sharp instrument. Other definition of scratch is often foll by at, out, off, etc to scrape, as with claws, nails, etc. Scratch is also to scrape with the nails, as to relieve itching.

CONJUGATION OF THE VERB TO SCRATCH

PRESENT

Present
I scratch
you scratch
he/she/it scratches
we scratch
you scratch
they scratch
Present continuous
I am scratching
you are scratching
he/she/it is scratching
we are scratching
you are scratching
they are scratching
Present perfect
I have scratched
you have scratched
he/she/it has scratched
we have scratched
you have scratched
they have scratched
Present perfect continuous
I have been scratching
you have been scratching
he/she/it has been scratching
we have been scratching
you have been scratching
they have been scratching
Present tense is used to refer to circumstances that exist at the present time or over a period that includes the present time. The present perfect refers to past events, although it can be considered to denote primarily the resulting present situation rather than the events themselves.

PAST

Past
I scratched
you scratched
he/she/it scratched
we scratched
you scratched
they scratched
Past continuous
I was scratching
you were scratching
he/she/it was scratching
we were scratching
you were scratching
they were scratching
Past perfect
I had scratched
you had scratched
he/she/it had scratched
we had scratched
you had scratched
they had scratched
Past perfect continuous
I had been scratching
you had been scratching
he/she/it had been scratching
we had been scratching
you had been scratching
they had been scratching
Past tense forms express circumstances existing at some time in the past,

FUTURE

Future
I will scratch
you will scratch
he/she/it will scratch
we will scratch
you will scratch
they will scratch
Future continuous
I will be scratching
you will be scratching
he/she/it will be scratching
we will be scratching
you will be scratching
they will be scratching
Future perfect
I will have scratched
you will have scratched
he/she/it will have scratched
we will have scratched
you will have scratched
they will have scratched
Future perfect continuous
I will have been scratching
you will have been scratching
he/she/it will have been scratching
we will have been scratching
you will have been scratching
they will have been scratching
The future is used to express circumstances that will occur at a later time.

CONDITIONAL

Conditional
I would scratch
you would scratch
he/she/it would scratch
we would scratch
you would scratch
they would scratch
Conditional continuous
I would be scratching
you would be scratching
he/she/it would be scratching
we would be scratching
you would be scratching
they would be scratching
Conditional perfect
I would have scratch
you would have scratch
he/she/it would have scratch
we would have scratch
you would have scratch
they would have scratch
Conditional perfect continuous
I would have been scratching
you would have been scratching
he/she/it would have been scratching
we would have been scratching
you would have been scratching
they would have been scratching
Conditional or "future-in-the-past" tense refers to hypothetical or possible actions.

IMPERATIVE

Imperative
you scratch
we let´s scratch
you scratch
The imperative is used to form commands or requests.
NONFINITE VERB FORMS
Infinitive
to scratch
Past participle
scratched
Present Participle
scratching
Infinitive shows the action beyond temporal perspective. The present participle or gerund shows the action during the session. The past participle shows the action after completion.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH SCRATCH


attach
əˈtætʃ
backscratch
ˈbækˌskrætʃ
batch
bætʃ
brach
brætʃ
catch
kætʃ
cratch
krætʃ
despatch
dɪˈspætʃ
detach
dɪˈtætʃ
dispatch
dɪˈspætʃ
fratch
frætʃ
hatch
hætʃ
latch
lætʃ
match
mætʃ
mismatch
ˌmɪsˈmætʃ
mix-and-match
ˌmɪksəndˈmætʃ
patch
pætʃ
rach
rætʃ
rematch
ˈriːˌmætʃ
sasquatch
ˈsæsˌkwætʃ
snatch
snætʃ

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE SCRATCH

scrat
scratch ´n´ sniff
scratch and sniff
scratch file
scratch mark
scratch pad
scratch paper
scratch race
scratch score
scratch sheet
scratch tape
scratch test
scratch together
scratch video
scratchback
scratchboard
scratchbuild
scratchbuilder
scratchbuilt
scratchcard

WORDS THAT END LIKE SCRATCH

a bad patch
Black Watch
deathwatch
exhibition match
fob watch
football match
friendly match
from scratch
grudge match
home match
klatch
officer of the watch
on the watch
quartz watch
stopwatch
swatch
test match
up to scratch
watch
wristwatch

Synonyms and antonyms of scratch in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

SYNONYMS OF «SCRATCH»

The following words have a similar or identical meaning as «scratch» and belong to the same grammatical category.
synonyms of scratch

Translation of «scratch» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF SCRATCH

Find out the translation of scratch to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of scratch from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «scratch» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

抓痕
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

rasguño
570 millions of speakers

English

scratch
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

खरोंच
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

خَدْش
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

царапина
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

arranhão
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

আঁচড়ের দাগ
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

égratignure
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Awal
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Schramme
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

かき傷
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

긁기
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Ngeruk
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

vết xước
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

கீறல்
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

सुरवातीपासून
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

çizik
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

graffio
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

zadrapanie
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

подряпина
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

zgârietură
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

γδάρσιμο
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

kras
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

repa
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

ripe
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of scratch

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «SCRATCH»

The term «scratch» is very widely used and occupies the 7.719 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Very widely used
97
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «scratch» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of scratch
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «scratch».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «SCRATCH» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «scratch» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «scratch» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about scratch

EXAMPLES

10 QUOTES WITH «SCRATCH»

Famous quotes and sentences with the word scratch.
1
James Altucher
Don't sweat it if you are stuck in the corporate job right now. But begin to plan ahead. I know from much personal experience that it takes 1-3 years to transition from total scratch to making a living from home in any career you want.
2
Rick Atkinson
The U.S. Army records alone for World War II weigh 17,000 tons, and even the best historians have not done more than just scratch the surface. The story is such that 500 years from now people will be writing and reading about it.
3
Christian Bale
I start from scratch with each movie; I wipe the slate and I certainly don't rely on some bag of acting tricks I've amassed over the years.
4
Joko Beck
Underneath our nice, friendly facades there is great unease. If I were to scratch below the surface of anyone I would find fear, pain, and anxiety running amok. We all have ways to cover them up. We overeat, over-drink, overwork; we watch too much television.
5
Johnny Bench
That's the remarkable thing about baseball. The game has a way of having you scratch your head one minute and drive you crazy, and then the next, you're entertained beyond your wildest hopes. That's why it's the best game.
6
William Beveridge
Scratch a pessimist and you find often a defender of privilege.
7
Orlando Bloom
Vig used to call me 'Elf boy', and I'd call him 'filthy human'. As an Elf, I never got a scratch on me, never got dirty. And Vig would come out with blood and sweat all over him. And he'd say to me, 'Oh, go manicure your nails.'
8
Darren Boyd
I think the idea of creating a character from scratch, one that has not been done in a novel or an existing story, is immensely exciting, terrifying and ultimately rewarding.
9
Amanda Burton
I always start from scratch with a character - they're never based on anyone else. You get ideas of what people look like, and I'm a great people watcher. You can draw inspiration from people.
10
Maxwell Caulfield
You can work and scratch out a living in the theatre, but, if you want to make money, you've got to hit the road. You've got to play big houses of 2, 3 thousand seaters with your name above the bill, do popular fare and reach out to the audience such as it is.

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «SCRATCH»

Discover the use of scratch in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to scratch and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Super Scratch Programming Adventure!: Learn to Program by ...
Provides step-by-step instructions and code to create computer games inspired by classic arcade games using Scratch.
The LEAD Project, 2013
2
Medical Statistics from Scratch: An Introduction for Health ...
New in this edition: Measuring survival: Kaplan-Meier survival curves; comparing survival in two or more groups.Hazard ratios and the Cox regression model. Systematic review: methods and problems; combining results - meta-analytic methods.
David Bowers, 2008
3
Scratch
Golf hustler Eddie Caminetti returns to the PGA Tour and sets the golf equipment industry on edge when he joins forces with nuclear physicist Norman Standish, who has invented a revolutionary new golf ball, to help his old friend and former ...
Troon McAllister, 2003
4
Scratch 1.4
As you work through the book, you are encouraged to experiment with the concepts presented. As each chapter in the book progresses, the topics get increasingly more complex.
Michael Badger, 2009
5
Starting from Scratch: How to Correct Behavior Problems in ...
Geared specifically for owners of adult cats, be they recently adopted or long time family pets, this book illustrates how it's never too late to correct behavior problems.
Pam Johnson-Bennett, 2007
6
From Scratch: Inside the Food Network
An Entertainment Weekly Best Tell-All of 2013! “Allen Salkin shows how the sausage really gets made at the Food Network in From Scratch, a behind-the-scenes history liberally spiced with gossip and unsavory tidbits.”—Entertainment ...
Allen Salkin, 2013
7
Scratch
Typescripts, galley proofs, and page proofs of the theatrical play, Scratch, based on Stephen Vincent Benét's short story The Devil and Daniel Webster.
Archibald MacLeish, 1971
8
Starting from Scratch
From the best-selling author of Rubyfruit Jungle and Bingo, here is a writers' manual as provocative, frank, and funny as her fiction.
Rita Mae Brown, 2011
9
The Scratch of a Pen : 1763 and the Transformation of North ...
In this superb volume in Oxford's acclaimed Pivotal Moments series, Colin Calloway reveals how the Treaty of Paris of 1763 had a profound effect on American history, setting in motion a cascade of unexpected consequences, as Indians and ...
Colin G. Calloway Professor of History and Samson Occom Professor of Native American Studies Dartmouth College, 2006
10
Standing at the Scratch Line: A Novel
This is a stunning debut by novelist Guy Johnson that provides a true depiction of the lives of African-Americans in the early decades of the twentieth century.
Guy Johnson, 2001

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «SCRATCH»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term scratch is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Indiana Lottery Debuts Bacon-Scented Scratch-Off Tickets, Prizes …
It appears Indiana likes New Hampshire's style, as the state's Hoosier Lottery has introduced a bacon-scented scratch-off ticket of its own. But unlike previous ... «The Consumerist, Jun 15»
2
Woman goes blind thanks to “cat scratch
The rare infection can be passed from cats to humans through bites or scratches, but can also be transmitted through affectionate behaviors like licking. «wreg.com, Jun 15»
3
Criminal Minds Season 10 Episode 21 Review: Mr. Scratch
I guess we'll all be looking at Aaron Hotchner sideways for the next little while, won't we? This episode was probably the creepiest and most unsettling offering ... «TV Fanatic, Apr 15»
4
Corning fires up new super scratch-resistant glass
"We told you last year that sapphire was great for scratch performance but didn't fare well when dropped," Clappin, president of Corning Glass Technologies, ... «CNET, Feb 15»
5
Gotham to "scratch the surface" of The Joker in its first season
Gotham to "scratch the surface" of The Joker in its first season ... "So, we will scratch the surface of that story, yes. But just scratch it - a little tap on the door." «Digital Spy UK, Feb 15»
6
Scratch-Off Lottery Tickets Back in D.C.
For the first time in 18 months, the District of Columbia Lottery will soon have a dedicated supply of scratch-off tickets. A spokesman for the city's chief financial ... «NBC4 Washington, Jan 15»
7
NH Lottery launches $1 bacon-scented scratch ticket
The I Heart Bacon scratch ticket combines two things people love: the chance to win cash and the wonderful, enticing smell of bacon,” said Charlie McIntyre, ... «WMUR Manchester, Jan 15»
8
$500000 scratch-off 'winner' told ticket was 'misprint'
ROSWELL, N.M., Jan. 6 (UPI) -- A New Mexico man said his elation at winning more than $500,000 from a lottery scratch-off ticket turned to disappointment ... «UPI.com, Jan 15»
9
Mystery of why scratching makes us itch MORE is solved
Scientists worked out that scratching causes a sensation of pain. This causes the brain to release serotonin is to control the pain. But serotonin activates ... «Daily Mail, Oct 14»
10
How Do You Build A Toaster ... From Scratch?
From Scratch? ... his Toaster Project, where he set out to build his own toaster from scratch, and Policing Genes, a thought experiment around amateur genetics. «NPR, Sep 14»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Scratch [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/scratch>. Apr 2024 ».
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