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Sputnik quickly became one of the three great shocks to hit America - historians say the equal of Pearl Harbor or 9/11.
David Hoffman

Meaning of "Sputnik" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD SPUTNIK

From Russian, literally: fellow traveller, from s- with + put path + -nik suffix indicating agent.
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Etymology is the study of the origin of words and their changes in structure and significance.
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PRONUNCIATION OF SPUTNIK

Sputnik  [ˈspʊtnɪk] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF SPUTNIK

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Sputnik is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES SPUTNIK MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Sputnik

Sputnik 1

Sputnik 1 (Russian: "Спу́тник-1" Russian pronunciation: , "Satellite-1", ПС-1 (PS-1, i.e. "Простейший Спутник-1", or Elementary Satellite-1)) was the first artificial Earth satellite. It was a 58 cm (23 in) diameter polished metal sphere, with four external radio antennas to broadcast radio pulses. The Soviet Union launched it into an elliptical low Earth orbit on 4 October 1957. It was visible all around the Earth and its radio pulses were detectable. The surprise success precipitated the American Sputnik crisis and triggered the Space Race, a part of the larger Cold War. The launch ushered in new political, military, technological, and scientific developments. Sputnik itself provided scientists with valuable information. The density of the upper atmosphere could be deduced from its drag on the orbit, and the propagation of its radio signals gave information about the ionosphere. Sputnik 1 was launched during the International Geophysical Year from Site No.1/5, at the 5th Tyuratam range, in Kazakh SSR (now at the Baikonur Cosmodrome).

Definition of Sputnik in the English dictionary

The definition of Sputnik in the dictionary is any of a series of unmanned Soviet satellites, Sputnik 1 being the first man-made satellite to orbit the earth.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH SPUTNIK


beatnik
ˈbiːtnɪk
Cetnik
ˈtʃɛtnɪk
Chetnik
ˈtʃɛtnɪk
chronic
ˈkrɒnɪk
clinic
ˈklɪnɪk
Dominic
ˈdɒmɪnɪk
electronic
ɪlɛkˈtrɒnɪk
ethnic
ˈɛθnɪk
Hispanic
hɪˈspænɪk
iconic
aɪˈkɒnɪk
mechanic
mɪˈkænɪk
Munich
ˈmjuːnɪk
neatnik
ˈniːtnɪk
nick
nɪk
organic
ɔːˈɡænɪk
panic
ˈpænɪk
picnic
ˈpɪknɪk
scenic
ˈsiːnɪk
sonic
ˈsɒnɪk
titanic
taɪˈtænɪk

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE SPUTNIK

Sputnik 1
sputter
sputterer
sputteringly
sputtery
sputum
spy
spy camera
spy out
spy plane
spy ring
spy satellite
spy ship
Spy Wednesday

WORDS THAT END LIKE SPUTNIK

Botvinnik
chinovnik
computernik
Doornik
Dubrovnik
dvornik
Iznik
kibbutznik
kolkhoznik
Lunik
noisenik
nudnik
Panufnik
peacenik
Pernik
refusenik
refusnik
returnik

Synonyms and antonyms of Sputnik in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «Sputnik» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF SPUTNIK

Find out the translation of Sputnik to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of Sputnik from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «Sputnik» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

人造地球卫星
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

Sputnik
570 millions of speakers

English

Sputnik
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

स्पुतनिक
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

سبوتنيك
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

Спутник
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

Sputnik
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

স্পুটনিক
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

spoutnik
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Sputnik
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

sputnik
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

スプートニク
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

스푸트니크
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Sputnik
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

Sputnik
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

ஸ்புட்னிக்
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

स्पुतनिक
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

Sputnik
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

sputnik
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

Sputnik
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

супутник
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

Sputnik
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

Sputnik
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

Sputnik
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

Sputnik
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

Sputnik
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of Sputnik

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «SPUTNIK»

The term «Sputnik» is quite widely used and occupies the 33.226 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Quite widely used
85
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «Sputnik» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of Sputnik
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «Sputnik».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «SPUTNIK» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «Sputnik» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «Sputnik» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about Sputnik

EXAMPLES

5 QUOTES WITH «SPUTNIK»

Famous quotes and sentences with the word Sputnik.
1
David Hoffman
For days after the launch, Sputnik was a wonderful curiosity. A man-made moon visible by ordinary citizens, it inspired awe and pride that humans had finally launched an object into space.
2
David Hoffman
Sputnik quickly became one of the three great shocks to hit America - historians say the equal of Pearl Harbor or 9/11.
3
Edgar Mitchell
At the end of October 4 in 1957, when I was coming back from sea duty in the South Pacific, Sputnik went up. I realized that humans would be right behind robot aircraft or spacecraft even though I really had no plans of being in aviation or a professional aviator and certainly not in the military.
4
Wally Schirra
I saw the booster, not Sputnik, flying by, and I said, maybe this is the way we should be going, not just sitting back waiting for something to happen.
5
Donald A. Wollheim
The years of space flight since the orbiting of Sputnik I back in 1957 had produced many fascinating results, but they had also brought a realization of the many problems that surrounded the use of rockets for space flight.

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «SPUTNIK»

Discover the use of Sputnik in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to Sputnik and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Sputnik Sweetheart
'Sputnik Sweetheart has touched me deeper and pushed me further than anything I've read in a long time' Julie Myerson, Guardian 'How does Murakami manage to make poetry while writing of contemporary life and emotions?
Haruki Murakami, 2011
2
Sputnik: The Shock of the Century
Paul Dickson chronicles the dramatic events and developments leading up to and emanating from Sputnik's launch.
Paul Dickson, 2009
3
Sputnik: The First Satellite
Describes the launch of the first space satellite by the Soviet Union in 1957.
Heather Feldman, 2003
4
Russia's Sputnik Generation: Soviet Baby Boomers Talk about ...
Russia's Sputnik Generation presents the life stories of eight 1967 graduates of School No. 42 in the Russian city of Saratov.
Donald J. Raleigh, 2006
5
Reconsidering Sputnik: Forty Years Since the Soviet Satellite
Forty Years Since the Soviet Satellite Roger D. Lanius, John M. Logsdon, Robert W. Smith. Simon, Leslie, 210 Singer, S. Fred, 233, 236 Skylark Rocket, 293-94 Smirnov, Leonid, 284 Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, 135 Snow, C. P., ...
Roger D. Lanius, John M. Logsdon, Robert W. Smith, 2013
6
Eisenhower's Sputnik Moment: The Race for Space and World ...
In Eisenhower's Sputnik Moment, Yanek Mieczkowski examines the early history of America's space program, reassessing Eisenhower's leadership.
Yanek Mieczkowski, 2013
7
The Sputnik Challenge
An account of the drama and birth of the space age discusses the public uproar, secret U-2 flights, bungled missile tests, spy satellites, political maneuvering, and scientific triumph surrounding Sputnik.
Robert A. Divine, 1993
8
Sputnik Sweetheart
Twenty two year old, Sumire is in love for the first time with a woman seventeen years her senior, Miu.
Haruki Murakami, 2002
9
Sputnik Sweetheart
Haruki Murakami, the internationally bestselling author of Norwegian Wood and The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle, plunges us into an urbane Japan of jazz bars, coffee shops, Jack Kerouac, and the Beatles to tell this story of a tangled triangle of ...
Haruki Murakami, 2001
10
In Sputnik's Shadow: The President's Science Advisory ...
In Sputnik's Shadow traces the rise and fall of the President's Science Advisory Committee from its ascendance under Eisenhower to its demise during the Nixon years.
Zuoyue Wang, 2009

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «SPUTNIK»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term Sputnik is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Iranian FM, Russia's IAEA Envoy Discussed Chances of Reaching …
VIENNA (Sputnik) — World powers and Iran are attempting to work out a deal that would ensure the peaceful nature of Tehran's nuclear activities in exchange ... «Sputnik International, Jul 15»
2
Brazil Opposes Policy of Unilateral Sanctions Outside UN Legal Field
UFA (Sputnik) – Brazil does not recognize the use of unilateral sanctions outside the UN legal field as they hurt the economic situation in the region of ... «Sputnik International, Jul 15»
3
Greece to Stay in Eurozone as Full-Fledged Member - Deputy …
ATHENS (Sputnik), Anna Liatsou — The results of the bailout referendum show that Greece will stay in the Eurozone but not as a second-class member, Deputy ... «Sputnik International, Jul 15»
4
Truck With US Visas Stolen in Mexico – US Consulate
MEXICO CITY (Sputnik) — The vehicle was going to bring stacks of approved visa applications to Mexicans in Monterrey, and also in Guadalajara, when it ... «Sputnik International, Jun 15»
5
Russia, Iran Negotiate Terms of S-300 Non-Delivery Lawsuit's …
MOSCOW (Sputnik) — Russia and Iran sealed a contract for the delivery of the S-300 surface-to-air missile systems in 2007. Three years later, then-President ... «Sputnik International, Jun 15»
6
Fury of Nature: Lightning Filmed in Slow Motion
The fact of registration and authorization of users on Sputnik websites via users' account or accounts on social networks indicates acceptance of these rules. «Sputnik International, Jun 15»
7
Russia Plans to Fully Upgrade Fleet of Landing Ships by 2050
MOSCOW (Sputnik) — Chirkov stressed that the modernization would cover the entire range of landing vessels, from small landing boats to large landing ships. «Sputnik International, Jun 15»
8
Helicopter Crash Lands in Moscow - Reports
The fact of registration and authorization of users on Sputnik websites via users' account or accounts on social networks indicates acceptance of these rules. «Sputnik International, Jun 15»
9
Lifting the Veil: Newest Russian Military Equipment in Focus
The fact of registration and authorization of users on Sputnik websites via users' account or accounts on social networks indicates acceptance of these rules. «Sputnik International, May 15»
10
Russia Rules Out Ambiguity on EU Military Action Against Migrant …
BRUSSELS (Sputnik) — Russia will not allow any ambiguity to remain in the text of a possible UN Security Council mandate on the use of force against human ... «Sputnik International, May 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Sputnik [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/sputnik>. Jun 2019 ».
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