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Meaning of "substratal" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

PRONUNCIATION OF SUBSTRATAL

substratal  [sʌbˈstrɑːtəl] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF SUBSTRATAL

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Substratal is an adjective.
The adjective is the word that accompanies the noun to determine or qualify it.

WHAT DOES SUBSTRATAL MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Stratum (linguistics)

In linguistics, a stratum or strate is a language that influences, or is influenced by another through contact. A substratum or substrate is a language which has lower power or prestige than another, while a superstratum or superstrate is the language that has higher power or prestige. Both substratum and superstratum languages influence each other, but in different ways. An adstratum or adstrate refers to a language that is in contact with another language in a neighbor population without having identifiably higher or lower prestige. The notion of "strata" has first been developed by the Italian linguist Graziadio Isaia Ascoli, and became known in the English-speaking world by two different authors in 1932. Thus, both terms refer to a situation where an intrusive language establishes itself in the territory of another, typically as the result of migration. Whether the superstratum case or the substratum one applies will normally only be evident after several generations, during which the intrusive language exists within a diaspora culture.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH SUBSTRATAL


beetle
ˈbiːtəl
betel
ˈbiːtəl
Bootle
ˈbuːtəl
brutal
ˈbruːtəl
chital
ˈtʃiːtəl
conepatl
ˌkəʊnəˈpɑːtəl
diacetyl
ˌdaɪəˈsiːtəl
fetal
ˈfiːtəl
foetal
ˈfiːtəl
hurtle
ˈhɜːtəl
immortal
ɪˈmɔːtəl
mortal
ˈmɔːtəl
myrtle
ˈmɜːtəl
Nahuatl
ˈnɑːwɑːtəl
portal
ˈpɔːtəl
setal
ˈsiːtəl
startle
ˈstɑːtəl
stratal
ˈstrɑːtəl
tootle
ˈtuːtəl
turtle
ˈtɜːtəl

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE SUBSTRATAL

substitution
substitution instance
substitutional
substitutionary
substitutive
substitutively
substitutivity
substraction
substractor
substrata
substrate
substrative
substratosphere
substratum
substruct
substruction
substructural
substructure
substylar
substyle

WORDS THAT END LIKE SUBSTRATAL

antenatal
astomatal
datal
fatal
hiatal
KwaZulu-Natal
meatal
natal
neonatal
nonfatal
palatal
parastatal
perinatal
postnatal
postneonatal
prenatal
protonematal
ratal
statal
stomatal

Synonyms and antonyms of substratal in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «substratal» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF SUBSTRATAL

Find out the translation of substratal to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of substratal from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «substratal» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

的基片
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

substratal
570 millions of speakers

English

substratal
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

substratal
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

substratal
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

substratal
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

substratal
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

substratal
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

substrataux
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Substrat
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

substratal
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

substratal
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

substratal
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Substratal
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

substratal
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

substratal
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

उपमहाद्गाल
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

substratal
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

substratal
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

substratal
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

substratal
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

substratal
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

substratal
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

substratal
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

substratal
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

substratal
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of substratal

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «SUBSTRATAL»

The term «substratal» is barely ever used and occupies the 196.275 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Unused
8
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «substratal» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of substratal
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «substratal».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «SUBSTRATAL» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «substratal» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «substratal» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about substratal

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «SUBSTRATAL»

Discover the use of substratal in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to substratal and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Africanisms in Afro-American Language Varieties
that creolists are most likely to accept as proof of substratal influence. That is, the best case for substratal influence is made when a particular phenomenon cannot be accounted for in any other way. However, the substratal input most likely to ...
Salikoko S. Mufwene, Nancy Condon, 1993
2
Current Approaches to African Linguistics
It is this question of substratal influence that I wish to address in this paper. To begin with, I wish to argue that extended pidgins reflect greater substratal influence than do creoles. Some examples of extended pidgins - the term comes from ...
Jonathan Kaye, 1983
3
The Arabic Language
When interference of such a language in the development of Arabic is claimed, one speaks of substratal influence. This influence is much harder to prove than that of an adstratal language. Phenomena that appear in a certain region and could ...
C. H. M. Versteegh, Kees Versteegh, 2001
4
Creole Genesis, Attitudes and Discourse: Studies Celebrating ...
Secondly, with respect to substratal influence, I suppose that creole languages inherit some aspects of discourse structure from their pidgin predecessor. Masuda (1995a, 1996a) argues that pidgin discourse retains the linear structuring of ...
John R. Rickford, Suzanne Romaine, 1999
5
Homer's Winged Words: The Evolution of Early Greek Epic ...
that some of these biforms are the Greek outcomes of early loan words, both substratal loans from the indigenous language(s) and adstratal loans from Africa, Egypt, Asia Minor, and the Near East. Owing to the paucity of evidence, the verdict ...
Steve Reece, 2009
6
Pidginization and Creolization: The Case of Arabic
the dialects show many differences, not only 'independent differences' — these could be explained with substratal influence, cf. below —— but also 'related differences', i.e. those instances where dialects chose different solutions for one and ...
Kees Versteegh, C. H. M. Versteegh, 1984
7
Development and Structures of Creole Languages: Essays in ...
In fact, substratal fossilizations are obvious at all linguistic levels. At the phonological level, AE is clearly marked by a numberof interlingual approximations resulting from the virtual absence of glides and the nonexistence of /v/, /f/, /δ/, /θ/, /r/, ...
Francis Byrne, Thom Huebner, 1991
8
Jewish and Non-Jewish Creators of "Jewish" Languages: With ...
native speakers could hardly identify it by then; see the discussion of substratal erosion in Yiddish and Judeo-Spanish, §2(a).51 Heterogeneous adstratal sources of enrichment unique to the Jewish variant could, in theory, expand the ...
Paul Wexler, 2006
9
Creoles, Their Substrates, and Language Typology
Bantu substratal influence in Garifuna is not obviously widespread, but there are at least a few clearly identifiable Bantu lexical items in Garifuna - mutu 'person, people' in (33) is one of them. Garifuna may well have transmitted more African ...
Claire Lefebvre, 2011
10
If I Could Turn My Tongue Like that: The Creole of Pointe ...
While this does not rule out the possibility of substratal influence, it does offer a plausible alternative explanation that makes recourse to substratal models less compelling.47 A third verbal structure that has substratal parallels is a type of ...
Thomas A. Klingler, 2003

2 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «SUBSTRATAL»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term substratal is used in the context of the following news items.
1
PREVIEW: Max Richter
Four tracks in, the epochal Shadow Journal is the album's classical/electronic equilibrium, a piercing fusion of harpsichord, viola and substratal synthetic pulse; ... «The Quietus, Oct 14»
2
To: Samantha Bennett, Collector of Customs, H.M. Customs …
The best among them have the smile and demeanor of a greeter at The Ritz-Carlton and, at the same time, the substratal toughness of an agent of the Mossad, ... «Caymanian Compass, May 14»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Substratal [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/substratal>. Apr 2020 ».
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