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Meaning of "superinfection" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

PRONUNCIATION OF SUPERINFECTION

superinfection  [ˌsuːpərɪnˈfɛkʃən] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF SUPERINFECTION

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Superinfection is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES SUPERINFECTION MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Superinfection

A superinfection is generally defined as a second infection superimposed on an earlier one, especially by a different microbial agent of exogenous or endogenous origin, that is resistant to the treatment used against the first infection. An example of this in bacteriology is the overgrowth of endogenous Clostridium difficile which occurs following treatment with a broad-spectrum antibiotic. In virology, the definition is slightly different. Superinfection is the process by which a cell that has previously been infected by one virus gets co-infected with a different strain of the virus, or another virus, at a later point in time. Viral superinfections may be resistant to the antiviral drug or drugs that were being used to treat the original infection. Viral superinfectons may also be less susceptible to the host's immune response.

Definition of superinfection in the English dictionary

The definition of superinfection in the dictionary is an infection that occurs after, or in addition to, an earlier infection.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH SUPERINFECTION


affection
əˈfɛkʃən
autoinfection
ˌɔːtəʊɪnˈfɛkʃən
collection
kəˈlɛkʃən
confection
kənˈfɛkʃən
connection
kəˈnɛkʃən
correction
kəˈrɛkʃən
defection
dɪˈfɛkʃən
detection
dɪˈtɛkʃən
direction
dɪˈrɛkʃən
disaffection
ˌdɪsəˈfɛkʃən
imperfection
ˌɪmpəˈfɛkʃən
infection
ɪnˈfɛkʃən
perfection
pəˈfɛkʃən
postinfection
ˌpəʊstɪnˈfɛkʃən
protection
prəˈtɛkʃən
refection
rɪˈfɛkʃən
section
ˈsɛkʃən
selection
sɪˈlɛkʃən
transfection
trænsˈfɛkʃən
unperfection
ˌʌnpəˈfɛkʃən

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE SUPERINFECTION

superimposition
superincumbence
superincumbency
superincumbent
superincumbently
superindividual
superinduce
superinducement
superinduction
superinfect
superinsulated
superintend
superintendence
superintendencies
superintendency
superintendent
superintensity
superior
superior conjunction
superior court

WORDS THAT END LIKE SUPERINFECTION

accreditation
action
addiction
attraction
auction
construction
course of action
court of competent jurisdiction
fiction
function
inspection
instruction
interaction
introduction
out of action
production
reaction
reduction
reproduction
satisfaction
transaction

Synonyms and antonyms of superinfection in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «superinfection» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF SUPERINFECTION

Find out the translation of superinfection to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of superinfection from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «superinfection» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

二重感染
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

superinfección
570 millions of speakers

English

superinfection
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

superinfection
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

عدوى
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

суперинфекция
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

superinfecção
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

superinfection
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

surinfection
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Superinfeksi
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Superinfektion
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

重複感染
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

superinfection
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Superinfeksi
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

bội
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

superinfection
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

अतिसुरक्षा
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

süperenfeksiyon
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

superinfezione
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

nadkażenia
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

суперинфекция
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

suprainfectie
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

superinfection
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

superinfeksie
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

superinfektion
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

super
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of superinfection

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «SUPERINFECTION»

The term «superinfection» is regularly used and occupies the 101.380 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Regularly used
53
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «superinfection» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of superinfection
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «superinfection».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «SUPERINFECTION» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «superinfection» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «superinfection» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about superinfection

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «SUPERINFECTION»

Discover the use of superinfection in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to superinfection and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
The Antimicrobial Drugs
Diarrhea can also result from superinfection of the bowel. SUPERINFECTION. Because they are broad- spectrum antibiotics, therapy with tetracyclines is associated with a higher incidence of superinfection than therapy with many other ...
Eric Michael Scholar, William B. Pratt, 2000
2
Mechanisms of Entry and Superinfection of Equine Infectious ...
Superinfection Superinfection is a term used to describe an event in which a cell that has been infected with a virus becomes re-infected with the same or similar virus. Retroviral superinfection can be damaging both to the virus and the host.
Melinda Ann Brindley, 2007
3
Roach's Introductory Clinical Pharmacology
Superinfections A superinfection can develop rapidly and is potentially serious and even life-threatening. Bacterial superinfections are seen with administration of the oral penicillins and occur in the bowel. Symptoms of bacterial superinfection ...
Susan M. Ford, Sally S. Roach, 2010
4
HIV Plus
and why the Positive Partners Study, which followed individuals who had been infected for a long time, showed no cases of superinfection. How long such a period might be is not known. As Grant explains, animal studies conducted to explore ...
5
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH: ...
CD4-Mediated Resistance to HIV Superinfection. One of the major characteristics of HIV-infected cells is the down- modulation of the CD4 receptor (215–217). To date, three viral HIV proteins, Vpu, Env, and Nef, have been identified that ...
Anthony S. Fauci, Vassil St. Georgiev, 2009
6
Liver Disease in Children
SEROLOGIC DIFFERENTIATION OF ACUTE HEPATITIS B VIRUS (HBV), ACUTE AND CHRONIC DELTA HEPATITIS (HDV), AND HDV SUPERINFECTION OF AN HBV CARRIER 9033 nuc/eolictes (30 1 f amirco acids ) FIGURE 17.6.
Frederick J. Suchy, Ronald J. Sokol, William F. Balistreri, 2001
7
Cytomegaloviruses: From Molecular Pathogenesis to Intervention
that superinfection has become accepted as a general and relatively common occurrence in humans. Early experimental studies of superinfection in humans were performed as a component ofvaccine trials (Quinnan et al., 1984). However  ...
Matthias J Reddehase, 2013
8
Bacterial Episomes and Plasmids
take place between f i + and f i ' R factors in their superinfection by conjugation. This process of mutual exclusion was later found to occur too infrequently to explain the mechanism of superinfection immunity. We have recently discovered that ...
CIBA Foundation Symposium, 2009
9
Encyclopedia of Microbiology
Subsequent adsorbers of otherwise successful primary infections are termed ' secondary' and may have their genome uptake blocked by superinfection exclusion expressed by the primary phage. Coinfection results when secondary phage ...
‎2009
10
Brunner & Suddarth's Textbook of Canadian Medical-surgical ...
Superinfection may occur with the administration of very large doses of antibiotics , such as penicillin, or with combinations of antibiotics. Superinfection may also occur in the patient who has been receiving numerous courses and types of ...
Pauline Paul, Beverly Williams, 2009

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «SUPERINFECTION»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term superinfection is used in the context of the following news items.
1
HIV/AIDS Vaccine Progress: Potency Of Neutralizing Antibodies …
... also known as superinfection (SI) - and determined whether this could lead to a more potent Nabs response necessary to design stronger HIV/AIDS vaccines. «iSchoolGuide, Jul 15»
2
Towards an HIV vaccine
One shows what type of Nab "repertoire" can be generated following superinfection, and the second one examines the efficacy of Nabs in blocking direct ... «Medical Xpress, Jul 15»
3
Good News at Fred Hutch
Dr. Rainer Storb receives $12.9M to study blood stem-cell therapies for immune deficiencies; Dr. Julie Overbaugh studies HIV 'superinfection' to provide clues ... «Fred Hutch News Service, Jul 15»
4
Medical mystery: The infection that would not stop
In addition to TEN and the fungal superinfection, she was further diagnosed with a rare and devastating condition called purpura fulminans. It takes its name ... «Philly.com, Jul 15»
5
When Is It OK for 2 HIV-Positive People to Have Condomless Sex …
A friend of mine said that we should stop having unprotected sex because we may [acquire HIV superinfection and it'll be hard to find] a drug that will keep our ... «TheBody.com, May 15»
6
Early Function of the Abutilon Mosaic Virus AC2 Gene as a …
Their replicational release upon AbMV superinfection or the individual and combined expression of epitope-tagged AbMV AC1, AC2, and AC3 was studied. «Journal of Virology, Mar 15»
7
HIV Transmission Rates Show First Infections Matter For Spread Of …
A person infected with the first HIV strain, the researchers demonstrated, are resilient to superinfection from a second strain. Because each infected person ... «Medical Daily, Feb 15»
8
Overcoming resistance
... poses is a threat to otherwise harmless or beneficial bacteria that reside in our body, leading to 'superinfection'. But in many parts of the world, including Nepal ... «E Kantipur, Jan 15»
9
Abstract and Introduction
At our first observation, the patient was asthenic, with severe pain and functional limitations. There was also a superinfection due to Pseudomonas Aeruginosa ... «Medscape, Oct 14»
10
Superinfection impacts laboratory, not clinical measures of HIV …
Previous observations that increased viral diversity is linked to more rapid disease progression and that superinfection may increase a patient's steady state viral ... «Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center News, Sep 14»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Superinfection [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/superinfection>. Oct 2021 ».
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