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Meaning of "tsotsitaal" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD TSOTSITAAL

From Nguni tsotsi thug + Afrikaans taal language.
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Etymology is the study of the origin of words and their changes in structure and significance.
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PRONUNCIATION OF TSOTSITAAL

tsotsitaal  [ˈtsɔːtsɪˌtɑːl] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF TSOTSITAAL

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Tsotsitaal is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES TSOTSITAAL MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Tsotsitaal and Camtho

Tsotsitaals are a variety of mixed languages mainly spoken in the townships of Gauteng province, such as Soweto, but also in other agglomerations all over South Africa. Tsotsi is a Sesotho slang word for a "thug" or "robber" and taal is the Afrikaans word for "language". A tsotsitaal is built over the grammar of one or several languages, in which terms from other languages or specific terms created by the community of speakers are added. It is a permanent work of language-mix, language-switch, and terms-coining.

Definition of tsotsitaal in the English dictionary

The definition of tsotsitaal in the dictionary is a type of street slang used by tsotsis.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH TSOTSITAAL


artal
ˈɑːtɑːl
carl
kɑːl
Dahl
dɑːl
dal
dɑːl
Emmental
ˈɛmənˌtɑːl
Emmenthal
ˈɛmənˌtɑːl
halal
hɑːˈlɑːl
hartal
hɑːˈtɑːl
Imphal
ɪmˈfɑːl
Internationale
ˌɪntənæʃəˈnɑːl
locale
ləʊˈkɑːl
morale
mɒˈrɑːl
musicale
ˌmjuːzɪˈkɑːl
Neandertal
nɪˈændətɑːl
Neanderthal
nɪˈændəˌtɑːl
Nembutal
ˈnɛmbjʊˌtɑːl
parle
pɑːl
taal
tɑːl
toile
twɑːl
Wiesenthal
ˈviːzənˌtɑːl

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE TSOTSITAAL

tsitsith
tsk
Tskhinvali
TSO
Tsonga
tsotsi
tsp.
TSS
tsuba
Tsugaru Strait
tsunami
tsunamic
tsunamigenic
tsuris
Tsushima
tsutsugamushi disease
tsutsumu

WORDS THAT END LIKE TSOTSITAAL

aal
Baal
craal
daal
dwaal
graal
kaal
kraal
kursaal
nagmaal
paal
Sangraal
the taal
Transvaal
Vaal
Waal

Synonyms and antonyms of tsotsitaal in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «tsotsitaal» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF TSOTSITAAL

Find out the translation of tsotsitaal to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of tsotsitaal from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «tsotsitaal» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

tsotsitaal
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

tsotsitaal
570 millions of speakers

English

tsotsitaal
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

tsotsitaal
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

tsotsitaal
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

tsotsitaal
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

tsotsitaal
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

tsotsitaal
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

tsotsitaal
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Tsotsitaal
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Tsotsitaal
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

tsotsitaal
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

tsotsitaal
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Tsotsitaal
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

tsotsitaal
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

tsotsitaal
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

Tsotsitaal
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

tsotsitaal
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

tsotsitaal
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

tsotsitaal
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

tsotsitaal
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

tsotsitaal
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

tsotsitaal
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

Tsotsitaal
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

tsotsitaal
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

tsotsitaal
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of tsotsitaal

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «TSOTSITAAL»

The term «tsotsitaal» is barely ever used and occupies the 200.331 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Unused
6
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «tsotsitaal» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of tsotsitaal
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «tsotsitaal».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «TSOTSITAAL» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «tsotsitaal» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «tsotsitaal» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about tsotsitaal

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «TSOTSITAAL»

Discover the use of tsotsitaal in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to tsotsitaal and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Language and Social History: Studies in South African ...
Below, I offer renditions of the same English sentence in both Tsotsitaal and Afrikaans. (3) Afrikaans Ek loop. Isg. go (3a) Tsotsitaal Ek thler. Isg. go What these illustrate is that Iscamtho draws its structural base from Zulu and Sotho, while ...
Rajend Mesthrie, 1995
2
Social Lives in Language--sociolinguistics and Multilingual ...
Thus, there is tsotsitaal Zulu (or Xhosa or Afrikaans or English, etc). Its speakers would be using an urban or non-standard variety of, say, Zulu, in the tsotsitaal style (with its lexicon, dress, attitudes, gestures, etc.) There is nothing to prevent ...
Gillian Sankoff, Miriam Meyerhoff, Naomi Nagy, 2008
3
Language in South Africa
A slightly different angle to the influence of Indo-European languages in urban/ township CS patterns is found in the studies on Tsotsitaal and Iscamtho, the CS slang varieties of the urban areas/townships (Mfenyana 1977; Schuring 1983; ...
Rajend Mesthrie, 2002
4
The Art of the South African Insult
See Pakistan Cherry/Tjerrie Tsotsitaal and others Girl, girlfriend. A truly democratic word, it appears in most South African slang dialects Chicken murder Tsotsitaal To have a romantic relationship with a much younger person Doos Afrikaans, ...
Sarah Britten, 2006
5
Introducing Sociolinguistics
This extract provides a good example of the rapidity of switching between words and morphemes of different languages that is typical of tsotsitaal. It also illustrates quite well why Raj Mesthrie (2008) argues that tsotsitaal should not be ...
Miriam Meyerhoff, 2011
6
An Introduction to African Languages
(156) Bantu features of Tsotsitaal (Makhudu 1984: 34-35) Phonology: Lacks standard schwa and front rounded vowels, diphthongs have been monophthongized. ma- Class 3 (inanimate) plural (augmentative) prefix used for human nouns, ...
George Tucker Childs, 2003
7
The Other Zulus: The Spread of Zulu Ethnicity in Colonial ...
Ironically, even though Tsotsitaal was based largely on Afrikaans (the language of the majority of South African whites), it never acquired the negative associations that Fanakalo did, and it became widespread in the townships. Partly this was ...
Michael R. Mahoney, 2012
8
Bo-tsotsi: The Youth Gangs of Soweto, 1935-1976
Tsotsitaal was an important element of tsotsi subcultural identity during the iate 1940s and 1950s. Like the motst gangs themselves, tsotsitaal had its precursors. The first distinctive language used by township youth gangs, particularly the ...
‎2000
9
The Handbook of Language Contact
[Tsotsitaal] flourished in locations [townships] from Randfontein to Springs, Pretoria and Vereeniging. Former famous black residential areas like Sophiatown, Western Native township [Soweto], and Alexandria went under quaint names like ...
Raymond Hickey, 2013
10
English T/g Gr8
Ask the learners what they notice about the words in Tsotsitaal. Do they recognise any? (lt is a mixture of words which have been adapted from English, Afrikaans and Nguni languages.) Ask how Tsotsitaal is different to languages like French ...
Barbara K. Townsend

9 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «TSOTSITAAL»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term tsotsitaal is used in the context of the following news items.
1
1950s township life revisited
She portrays Kleinboy, a young man from Sophiatown who spoke tsotsitaal fluently. She also plays Themba's girlfriend and well-known singer Baby. The show ... «Sowetan Live, Jul 15»
2
Skroef and Sexy dream of making it big in the world
In his role, he assisted movie producer and director Uzanenkosi Mahlangu translate the English script of uSkroef noSexyinto tsotsitaal, oblivious to his acting ... «Johannesburg Sunday World, Dec 14»
3
iNumber Number
Set in Jozi and Soweto and coloured with Tsotsitaal, writer and director Donovan Marsh tells this story of corruption and crime in a gritty orange hue, scattered ... «Channel 24, Apr 14»
4
'Elelwani': An insight into Tshivenda culture
You won't see programmes like Deliwe, which will proudly tell our own stories in our language without trying to diversify [...] through tsotsitaal [township slang]," ... «Mail & Guardian Online, Jan 14»
5
Art and Design Sharp turns on an angry road
In his poetry, English, isiZulu and tsotsitaal scrap for dominance and no one tongue comes out victorious. His approach favours alleyways and side roads, ... «Mail & Guardian Online, Nov 13»
6
Can we talk ourselves out of sexism?
Kasi slang and tsotsitaal are hilariously inventive and creative, and researching them for Sunday's featured language in the This is Home project reminded me of ... «Thought Leader, Sep 13»
7
Youth shape the way we communicate
In 2005 a blog post surfaced on the internet titled "Let's make tsotsitaal the national language". The blog, written by Walton Pantland, generated so much interest ... «Mail & Guardian Online, Jul 13»
8
Migration, language & social change: Language as a means of …
Dr. Ellen Hurst leads a sub-project on language creation (Tsotsitaal) in the townships. Doctoral students and post-doctoral fellows are working on linguistic ... «Mail & Guardian Online, Jun 11»
9
Fong Kong hits a chord
... go on to become ghetto parlance for virtually anything that could be bought and administered orally, thus ordaining Kamazu into the Tsotsitaal Hall of Fame. «Mail & Guardian Online, Jul 10»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Tsotsitaal [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/tsotsitaal>. Sep 2019 ».
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