A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.
WHAT DOES TSOTSITAAL MEAN IN ENGLISH?
Tsotsitaal and Camtho
Tsotsitaals are a variety of mixed languages mainly spoken in the townships of Gauteng province, such as Soweto, but also in other agglomerations all over South Africa. Tsotsi is a Sesotho slang word for a "thug" or "robber" and taal is the Afrikaans word for "language". A tsotsitaal is built over the grammar of one or several languages, in which terms from other languages or specific terms created by the community of speakers are added. It is a permanent work of language-mix, language-switch, and terms-coining.
The translations of tsotsitaal from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «tsotsitaal» in English.
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «tsotsitaal».
FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «TSOTSITAAL» OVER TIME
The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «tsotsitaal» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «tsotsitaal» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.
Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about tsotsitaal
10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «TSOTSITAAL»
Discover the use of tsotsitaal in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to tsotsitaal and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
Language and Social History: Studies in South African ...
Below, I offer renditions of the same English sentence in both Tsotsitaal and
Afrikaans. (3) Afrikaans Ek loop. Isg. go (3a) Tsotsitaal Ek thler. Isg. go What
these illustrate is that Iscamtho draws its structural base from Zulu and Sotho,
Rajend Mesthrie, 1995
Social Lives in Language--sociolinguistics and Multilingual ...
Thus, there is tsotsitaal Zulu (or Xhosa or Afrikaans or English, etc). Its speakers
would be using an urban or non-standard variety of, say, Zulu, in the tsotsitaal
style (with its lexicon, dress, attitudes, gestures, etc.) There is nothing to prevent ...
Gillian Sankoff, Miriam Meyerhoff, Naomi Nagy, 2008
Language in South Africa
A slightly different angle to the influence of Indo-European languages in urban/
township CS patterns is found in the studies on Tsotsitaal and Iscamtho, the CS
slang varieties of the urban areas/townships (Mfenyana 1977; Schuring 1983; ...
Rajend Mesthrie, 2002
The Art of the South African Insult
See Pakistan Cherry/Tjerrie Tsotsitaal and others Girl, girlfriend. A truly
democratic word, it appears in most South African slang dialects Chicken murder
Tsotsitaal To have a romantic relationship with a much younger person Doos
Sarah Britten, 2006
This extract provides a good example of the rapidity of switching between words
and morphemes of different languages that is typical of tsotsitaal. It also illustrates
quite well why Raj Mesthrie (2008) argues that tsotsitaal should not be ...
Miriam Meyerhoff, 2011
An Introduction to African Languages
(156) Bantu features of Tsotsitaal (Makhudu 1984: 34-35) Phonology: Lacks
standard schwa and front rounded vowels, diphthongs have been
monophthongized. ma- Class 3 (inanimate) plural (augmentative) prefix used for
human nouns, ...
George Tucker Childs, 2003
The Other Zulus: The Spread of Zulu Ethnicity in Colonial ...
Ironically, even though Tsotsitaal was based largely on Afrikaans (the language
of the majority of South African whites), it never acquired the negative
associations that Fanakalo did, and it became widespread in the townships.
Partly this was ...
Michael R. Mahoney, 2012
Bo-tsotsi: The Youth Gangs of Soweto, 1935-1976
Tsotsitaal was an important element of tsotsi subcultural identity during the iate
1940s and 1950s. Like the motst gangs themselves, tsotsitaal had its precursors.
The first distinctive language used by township youth gangs, particularly the ...
The Handbook of Language Contact
[Tsotsitaal] flourished in locations [townships] from Randfontein to Springs,
Pretoria and Vereeniging. Former famous black residential areas like
Sophiatown, Western Native township [Soweto], and Alexandria went under
quaint names like ...
Raymond Hickey, 2013
English T/g Gr8
Ask the learners what they notice about the words in Tsotsitaal. Do they
recognise any? (lt is a mixture of words which have been adapted from English,
Afrikaans and Nguni languages.) Ask how Tsotsitaal is different to languages like
Barbara K. Townsend
9 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «TSOTSITAAL»
Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term tsotsitaal is used in the context of the following news items.
1950s township life revisited
She portrays Kleinboy, a young man from Sophiatown who spoke tsotsitaal fluently. She also plays Themba's girlfriend and well-known singer Baby. The show ... «Sowetan Live, Jul 15»
Skroef and Sexy dream of making it big in the world
In his role, he assisted movie producer and director Uzanenkosi Mahlangu translate the English script of uSkroef noSexyinto tsotsitaal, oblivious to his acting ... «Johannesburg Sunday World, Dec 14»
Set in Jozi and Soweto and coloured with Tsotsitaal, writer and director Donovan Marsh tells this story of corruption and crime in a gritty orange hue, scattered ... «Channel 24, Apr 14»
'Elelwani': An insight into Tshivenda culture
You won't see programmes like Deliwe, which will proudly tell our own stories in our language without trying to diversify [...] through tsotsitaal [township slang]," ... «Mail & Guardian Online, Jan 14»
Art and Design Sharp turns on an angry road
In his poetry, English, isiZulu and tsotsitaal scrap for dominance and no one tongue comes out victorious. His approach favours alleyways and side roads, ... «Mail & Guardian Online, Nov 13»
Can we talk ourselves out of sexism?
Kasi slang and tsotsitaal are hilariously inventive and creative, and researching them for Sunday's featured language in the This is Home project reminded me of ... «Thought Leader, Sep 13»
Youth shape the way we communicate
In 2005 a blog post surfaced on the internet titled "Let's make tsotsitaal the national language". The blog, written by Walton Pantland, generated so much interest ... «Mail & Guardian Online, Jul 13»
Migration, language & social change: Language as a means of …
Dr. Ellen Hurst leads a sub-project on language creation (Tsotsitaal) in the townships. Doctoral students and post-doctoral fellows are working on linguistic ... «Mail & Guardian Online, Jun 11»
Fong Kong hits a chord
... go on to become ghetto parlance for virtually anything that could be bought and administered orally, thus ordaining Kamazu into the Tsotsitaal Hall of Fame. «Mail & Guardian Online, Jul 10»
« EDUCALINGO. Tsotsitaal [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/tsotsitaal>. May 2020 ».