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Meaning of "xenotropic" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

PRONUNCIATION OF XENOTROPIC

xenotropic  [ˌzɛnəʊˈtrɒpɪk] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF XENOTROPIC

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Xenotropic is an adjective.
The adjective is the word that accompanies the noun to determine or qualify it.

WHAT DOES XENOTROPIC MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Definition of xenotropic in the English dictionary

The definition of xenotropic in the dictionary is able to replicate only in a different animal species from the host.


WORDS THAT RHYME WITH XENOTROPIC


adrenocorticotropic
əˌdriːnəʊˌkɔːtəkəʊˈtrɒpɪk
allotropic
ˌæləˈtrɒpɪk
anisotropic
ænˌaɪsəʊˈtrɒpɪk
azeotropic
ˌeɪzɪəˈtrɒpɪk
entropic
ɛnˈtrɒpɪk
hydrotropic
ˌhaɪdrəʊˈtrɒpɪk
inotropic
ˌɪnəˈtrɒpɪk
ionotropic
aɪˌɒnəˈtrɒpɪk
isentropic
ˌaɪsɛnˈtrɒpɪk
isotropic
ˌaɪsəʊˈtrɒpɪk
lipotropic
ˌlɪpəʊˈtrɒpɪk
neurotropic
ˌnjʊərəˈtrɒpɪk
orthotropic
ˌɔːθəʊˈtrɒpɪk
pantropic
pænˈtrɒpɪk
phototropic
ˌfəʊtəʊˈtrɒpɪk
pleiotropic
ˌplaɪəʊˈtrɒpɪk
psychotropic
ˌsaɪkəʊˈtrɒpɪk
thermotropic
ˌθɜːməʊˈtrɒpɪk
thixotropic
ˌθɪksəˈtrɒpɪk
tropic
ˈtrɒpɪk

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE XENOTROPIC

xenomania
xenomenia
xenomorphic
xenomorphically
xenon
Xenophanes
xenophile
xenophobe
xenophobia
xenophobic
xenophobically
xenophoby
Xenophon
xenophya
xenoplastic
xenopus
xenotime
xenotransplant
xenotransplantation
xenurine

WORDS THAT END LIKE XENOTROPIC

anisometropic
anthropic
apheliotropic
diageotropic
emmetropic
gonadotropic
heliotropic
hydropic
hyperopic
lycanthropic
misanthropic
morphotropic
neotropic
nootropic
philanthropic
psilanthropic
somatotropic
stereotropic
subtropic
thyrotropic
topic

Synonyms and antonyms of xenotropic in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «xenotropic» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF XENOTROPIC

Find out the translation of xenotropic to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of xenotropic from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «xenotropic» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

异嗜
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

xenotropic
570 millions of speakers

English

xenotropic
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

xenotropic
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

xenotropic
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

Xenotropic
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

xenotr�ico
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

xenotropic
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

xénotrope
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Xenotropik
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

xenotrope
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

異種栄養
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

xenotropic
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Xenotropic
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

xenotropic
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

xenotropic
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

Xenotropic
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

ksenotropik
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

xenotropico
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

xenotropic
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

Xenotropic
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

xenotropic
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

ξενοτροπικών
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

xenotropic
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

xenotropic
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

xenotropic
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of xenotropic

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «XENOTROPIC»

The term «xenotropic» is normally little used and occupies the 146.664 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Little used
32
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «xenotropic» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of xenotropic
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «xenotropic».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «XENOTROPIC» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «xenotropic» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «xenotropic» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about xenotropic

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «XENOTROPIC»

Discover the use of xenotropic in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to xenotropic and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Xenotropic Murine Leukemia Virus-related Virus: New Insights ...
Emory University, Atlanta: Antibody responses against xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus envelope in a murine model Current study results from the report, “Antibody responses against xenotropic murine leukemia virus- related ...
‎2012
2
Retroviruses: Molecular Biology, Genomics and Pathogenesis
10A1 MLV is a recombinant of A-MLV and an endogenous xenotropic virus of NIH Swiss mice obtained after passage of A-MLV in an NIH Swiss mouse ( Rasheed et al., 1982). 10A1 and A-MLV have 91% amino acid identity in their envelope ...
Reinhard Kurth, Norbert Bannert, 2010
3
Molecular Biology of RNA Tumor Viruses
Host range restriction of xenotropic viruses by mouse cells appears to result from a virus penetration block, as even highly concentrated preparations of various xenotropic viruses show no replication in murine cells (Levy, 1978). In phenotypic  ...
John Stephenson, 2012
4
The Dictionary of Cell & Molecular Biology
(2) Inorganic particles in various testate amoebae. xenotropic Describing something that grows in a foreign environment. Used especially of endogenous retroviruses (see xenotropic virus). xenotropic virus A virus that is benign in cells of one ...
John M. Lackie, 2012
5
Gammaretrovirus: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 ...
Switzer and colleagues published the results of their research in Retrovirology ( Absence of evidence of xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus infection in persons with chronic fatigue syndrome and healthy controls in the United States ...
‎2012
6
The Mouse in Biomedical Research: Diseases
Most strains carry more than 30 copies of env genes for xenotropic MuLV, but few of these proviruses can produce infectious virus (Kozak et al. 1984). Endogenous proviruses encoding polytropic sequences are all defective. Many of these ...
‎2006
7
The Retroviridae
Use of VSV(MLV) Pseudotypes to Distinguish between Preentry and Postentry Restrictions on MLV Replication Ecotropic MLV Xenotropic Amphotropic Cell type N-tropic B-tropic NB-tropic MLV MLV Retrovirus replication NIH + - + + BALB /c + ...
Jay A. Levy, 1993
8
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH: ...
Yan Y, Knoper R C & Kozak C A (2007). Wild mouse variants of envelope genes of xenotropic/polytropic mouse gammaretroviruses and their XPR1 receptors elucidate receptor determinants of virus entry, J Virol, 81, 10550–10557 11. Yan Y ...
Vassil St. Georgiev, 2010
9
Cell Fusions: Regulation and Control
Table 3.1 Cell surface receptors of retroviruses Retroviruses Receptors No. of transmembrane domains HIV CD4 CXCR4 or CCR5 single HTLV HERV or syncytin ecotropic MLV amphotropic MLV polytropic MLV xenotropic MLV CAT1 Pit2 ...
Lars-Inge Larsson, 2010
10
Gammaretrovirus—Advances in Research and Application: 2012 ...
Bhosle and colleagues published their study in the Journal of Virology ( Evaluation of cellular determinants required for in vitro xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus entry into human prostate cancer and noncancerous cells. Journal of ...
‎2012

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «XENOTROPIC»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term xenotropic is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Is Biological, Not Psychological, Illness
... implicated in ME/CFS: XMRV (xenotropic murine leukemia virus [MLV]-related virus) and murine retrovirus-like sequences (designated pMLV: polytropic MLV). «Sleep Review, Mar 15»
2
Public Release: 27-Feb-2015 Scientists discover robust evidence …
... implicated in ME/CFS: XMRV (xenotropic murine leukemia virus [MLV]-related virus) and murine retrovirus-like sequences (designated pMLV: polytropic MLV). «EurekAlert, Feb 15»
3
Chronic Fatigue Researcher to Publish Book
Microscopic image of XMRV (Xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus)WIKIMEDIA, CDCIn 2009, Judy Mikovits of the Whittemore Peterson Institute in ... «Scientist, Mar 14»
4
Science被撤论文再起争议华裔教授提出新观
生物通报道:去年关于一种称为异嗜性小鼠白血病病毒相关病毒(Xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus)——XMRV病毒的研究成果引发了众多围观,美国 ... «生物通, Sep 12»
5
The scientist who put the nail in XMRV's coffin
They name it xenotropic murine leukemia virus related virus, or XMRV for short. Identification of a Novel Gammaretrovirus in Prostate Tumors of Patients ... «Nature.com, Sep 12»
6
The Final Chapter on XMRV and Prostate Cancer
The tale of xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus. Journal of General Virology. 2012, 93: 915 – 924. Lee D, Das Gupta J, Gaughan C, Steffan I, Tang N, ... «PLoS Blogs, Sep 12»
7
Virus Preparation for Filter Validation
TrueSpike methods have been developed for Minute Virus of Mice (MVM), Pseudorabies Virus (PRV), Reovirus 3 (Reo3), and Xenotropic Murine Leukemia ... «Genetic Engineering News, Aug 12»
8
XMRV paper withdrawn
“Multiple laboratories, including those of the original authors, have failed to reliably detect xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus (XMRV) or other ... «Nature.com, Dec 11»
9
Jailed CFS Researcher, Notebooks Return to Reno
Dr. Mikovits led the WPI research team that has been mired in controversy since reporting an apparent association between xenotropic murine leukemia ... «Medscape, Nov 11»
10
Integrity issue follows fired researcher
The researchers reported that a retrovirus called XMRV, which stands for xenotropic murine leukaemia virus-related virus, was present in 68 out of 101 people ... «Nature.com, Oct 11»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Xenotropic [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/xenotropic>. Mar 2020 ».
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