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Abstention means you stayed at home or went to the beach. By casting a blank vote, you're saying you have a political conscience but you don't agree with any of the existing parties.
Jose Saramago

Meaning of "abstention" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD ABSTENTION

From Late Latin abstentiōn-, from Latin abstinēre.
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Etymology is the study of the origin of words and their changes in structure and significance.
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PRONUNCIATION OF ABSTENTION

abstention  [əbˈstɛnʃən] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF ABSTENTION

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Abstention is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES ABSTENTION MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Abstention

Abstention is a term in election procedure for when a participant in a vote either does not go to vote or, in parliamentary procedure, is present during the vote, but does not cast a ballot. Abstention must be contrasted with "blank vote", in which a voter casts a ballot willfully made invalid by marking it wrongly or by not marking anything at all. A "blank voter" has voted, although his vote may be considered a spoilt vote, depending on each legislation, while an abstaining voter hasn't voted. Both forms may or may not, depending on the circumstances, be considered to be protest vote. An abstention may be used to indicate the voting individual's ambivalence about the measure, or mild disapproval that does not rise to the level of active opposition. Abstention can also be used when someone has a certain position about an issue, but since the popular sentiment supports the opposite, it might not be politically expedient to vote according to his or her conscience. A person may also abstain when they do not feel adequately informed about the issue at hand, or has not participated in relevant discussion.

Definition of abstention in the English dictionary

The definition of abstention in the dictionary is a voluntary decision not to act; the act of refraining or abstaining. Other definition of abstention is the act of withholding one's vote.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH ABSTENTION


attention
əˈtɛnʃən
contention
kənˈtɛnʃən
detention
dɪˈtɛnʃən
distension
dɪsˈtɛnʃən
extension
ɪkˈstɛnʃən
hyperextension
ˌhaɪpərɪkˈstɛnʃən
hypertension
ˌhaɪpəˈtɛnʃən
hypotension
ˌhaɪpəʊˈtɛnʃən
intension
ɪnˈtɛnʃən
intention
ɪnˈtɛnʃən
irretention
ɪrɪˈtɛnʃən
mention
ˈmɛnʃən
normotension
ˈnɔːməʊˌtɛnʃən
overattention
ˌəʊvərəˈtɛnʃən
overextension
ˌəʊvərɪkˈstɛnʃən
pretension
prɪˈtɛnʃən
protension
prəʊˈtɛnʃən
retention
rɪˈtɛnʃən
sustention
səˈstɛnʃən
tension
ˈtɛnʃən

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE ABSTENTION

abstain
abstainer
abstemious
abstemiously
abstemiousness
abstentionism
abstentionist
abstentious
absterge
abstergent
abstersion
abstersive
abstinence
abstinency
abstinent
abstinently
abstract
abstract expressionism
abstract noun
abstract of accounts

WORDS THAT END LIKE ABSTENTION

accreditation
bone of contention
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
chemoprevention
contravention
convention
crime prevention
dissention
fire prevention
honourable mention
inattention
indention
intervention
invention
National Convention
obtention
political convention
prevention
reinvention
selective attention
subvention

Synonyms and antonyms of abstention in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

SYNONYMS OF «ABSTENTION»

The following words have a similar or identical meaning as «abstention» and belong to the same grammatical category.
synonyms of abstention

Translation of «abstention» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF ABSTENTION

Find out the translation of abstention to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of abstention from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «abstention» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

弃权
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

abstención
570 millions of speakers

English

abstention
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

मतदान न करना
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

الامتناع عن التصويت
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

воздержание
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

abstenção
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

নিবৃত্তি
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

abstention
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Abstention
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Enthaltung
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

棄権
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

기권
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Abstention
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

sự kiêng cử
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

வாக்களிக்காதது
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

स्थानांतर
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

kaçınma
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

astensione
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

Wstrzymanie się od głosu
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

стриманість
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

abținere
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

αποχή
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

onthouding
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

nedlagd röst
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

avholdenhet
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of abstention

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «ABSTENTION»

The term «abstention» is quite widely used and occupies the 49.724 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Quite widely used
77
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «abstention» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of abstention
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «abstention».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «ABSTENTION» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «abstention» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «abstention» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about abstention

EXAMPLES

QUOTES WITH «ABSTENTION»

Famous quotes and sentences with the word abstention.
1
Jose Saramago
Abstention means you stayed at home or went to the beach. By casting a blank vote, you're saying you have a political conscience but you don't agree with any of the existing parties.

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «ABSTENTION»

Discover the use of abstention in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to abstention and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
The Abstention Movement
History of the struggle for political rights and responsible government in the erstwhile princely state of Travancore by the Civic Rights League, a movement of the under-privileged, in the Thirties.
K. K. Kusuman, 1976
2
Bankruptcy and Debtor/creditor: Examples and Explanations
Where a court does have jurisdiction over a matter, it may decide to forgo that jurisdictionbyabstaining fromhearingthematter.Thenatureand effectofthe court's abstention depends on whether the court's jurisdiction is exclusive or nonexclusive.
Brian A. Blum, 2006
3
Current Condemnation Law: Takings, Compensation and Benefits
V. THE ABSTENTION DOCTRINE Another way in which federal courts avoid hearing taking cases is through use of the judicially created doctrine of " abstention." The abstention doctrine prohibits a federal district court from deciding cases, ...
‎2006
4
The Takings Issue: Constitutional Limits On Land Use Control ...
Abstention. One key question in inverse condemnation litigation concerns where the aggrieved property owner should file a lawsuit: in state or federal court. If the federal government is the defendant, the choice is usually clear, and the suit will  ...
Robert Meltz, Dwight Merriam, Rick Frank, 1998
5
Civil RICO: A Definitive Guide
Allstate Ins. Co., 517 U.S. 706 (1996), the Supreme Court ruled that, in a damages action, the district court may order only a stay pending resolution of state proceedings and may not invoke abstention to dismiss the suit altogether.
Gregory P. Joseph, 2010
6
Section 1983 Litigation: Claims and Defenses
14.02 PULLMAN ABSTENTION This section analyzes the Pullman abstention doctrine, named after the leading case of Railroad Commission v. Pullman.16 [A] Introduction In many § 1983 actions, the plaintiff contests the constitutionality of a  ...
Martin A. Schwartz, John E. Kirklin, 1997
7
Federal Courts: Examples and Explanations
Pullman abstention: Lolly is not asserting a federal constitutional claim. Nor does her land contest implicate any constitutional issues. The trigger for Pullman abstention is therefore missing. The purpose ofPullmanis to provide a mechanism for ...
Laura E. Little, 2007
8
Encyclopedia of the United States Constitution
David Andrew Schultz. abstention doctrine 5 Cambridge University Press, 2005; Herring, Mark Y. The Pro-Life/Choice Debate. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press , 2003; Hull, N. E. H., William James Hoffer, and Peter Charles Hoffer, eds.
David Andrew Schultz, 2009
9
Feminism and Empire: Women Activists in Imperial Britain, ...
It is interesting to compare abstention with the other main form of popular action against slavery, namely petitioning. A conventional way of distinguishing the two would be to describe abstention as a cosy private, domestic-base campaign ...
Clare Midgley, 2007
10
Bankruptcy Litigation Manual, 2012-2013 Edition
Michael L. Cook. At least one district court has held that § 1334(c) authorizes the bankruptcy court to rule directly on motions to abstain (or remand under § 1452(b )), subject to review by the district court.70 Decisions on permissive abstention, ...
Michael L. Cook, 2012

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «ABSTENTION»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term abstention is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Report: Netanyahu Phoned Indian PM Modi the Night Before India …
According to Indian media, the abstention marked the first time Asia's largest democracy voted against a pro-Palestinian resolution at the U.N. ... «Algemeiner, Jul 15»
2
ValueSpeak: The country and the concept
... during which the Continental Congress voted unanimously (not counting New York's abstention) for independence from Great Britain. «NewsOK.com, Jul 15»
3
Delhi Confidential: Landslide Report
ISRAEL AMBASSADOR Daniel Carmon was happy at the Indian abstention at the United Nations Human Rights Council vote condemning ... «The Indian Express, Jul 15»
4
County Has Lost Its Ag Scientists
There was one abstention, by Ruth Jensen, who represents the 5th ... conflict of interest — confirmed by Jensen's abstention from the vote. «Santa Barbara Independent, Jul 15»
5
UN Adopts Anti-Israel Protective Edge Report
There was only one abstention, the United States, calling the report biased against Israel. Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu responded to the ... «Yeshiva World News, Jul 15»
6
Gold price increases -- report
... in the middle of the past week. Record fall of the gold price was attributed to investors' abstention and search for more feasible businesses. «Kuwait News Agency, Jul 15»
7
India's abstention on UNHRC vote against Israel significant: Officials
Yesterday's abstention is another sign of "warming ties" between India and Israel since the election of Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, ... «Economic Times, Jul 15»
8
The 56 Declaration of Independence Signers: An Arbitrary Ranking
Robert Morris [Pennsylvania] Abstention allowed unanimous colony vote for independence. Kept Congress on firm financial footing throughout ... «The Big Lead, Jul 15»
9
India reiterates support to Palestine cause
He added that abstention from voting in the UN body against Israel on Friday was because the resolution in question had direct reference to the ... «Kuwait News Agency, Jul 15»
10
Can Technology Revolutionize Our Political System?
And let's not even mention voter abstention rates at the city level. Siri specifically acknowledges the apathy that exists within the millennial ... «Neon Tommy, Jul 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Abstention [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/abstention>. Jun 2020 ».
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