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Meaning of "barium" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD BARIUM

From bar(yta) + -ium.
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Etymology is the study of the origin of words and their changes in structure and significance.
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PRONUNCIATION OF BARIUM

barium  [ˈbɛərɪəm] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF BARIUM

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Barium is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES BARIUM MEAN IN ENGLISH?

barium

Barium

Barium is a chemical element with symbol Ba and atomic number 56. It is the fifth element in Group 2, a soft silvery metallic alkaline earth metal. Because of its high chemical reactivity barium is never found in nature as a free element. Its hydroxide was known in pre-modern history as baryta; this substance does not occur as a mineral, but can be prepared by heating barium carbonate. The most common naturally occurring minerals of barium are barite and witherite, both being insoluble in water. Barium's name originates from the alchemical derivative "baryta", which itself comes from Greek βαρύς, meaning "heavy." Barium was identified as a new element in 1774, but not reduced to a metal until 1808, shortly after electrolytic isolation techniques became available. Barium has only a few industrial applications. The metal has been historically used to scavenge air in vacuum tubes. It is a component of YBCO and electroceramics, and is added to steel and cast iron to reduce the size of carbon grains within the microstructure of the metal. Barium compounds are added to fireworks to impart a green color.

Definition of barium in the English dictionary

The definition of barium in the dictionary is a soft silvery-white metallic element of the alkaline earth group. It is used in bearing alloys and compounds are used as pigments. Symbol: Ba; atomic no: 56; atomic wt: 137.327; valency: 2; relative density: 3.5; melting pt: 729°C; boiling pt: 1805°C.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH BARIUM


aquarium
əˈkwɛərɪəm
armamentarium
ˌɑːməmɛnˈtɛərɪəm
caldarium
kælˈdɛərɪəm
columbarium
ˌkɒləmˈbɛərɪəm
dolphinarium
ˌdolfɪˈnɛərɪəm
frigidarium
ˌfrɪdʒɪˈdɛərɪəm
fusarium
fjuːˈzɛərɪəm
herbarium
hɜːˈbɛərɪəm
honorarium
ˌɒnəˈrɛərɪəm
insectarium
ˌɪnsɛkˈtɛərɪəm
oceanarium
ˌəʊʃəˈnɛərɪəm
planetarium
ˌplænɪˈtɛərɪəm
rosarium
rəʊˈzɛərɪəm
samarium
səˈmɛərɪəm
sanitarium
ˌsænɪˈtɛərɪəm
solarium
səʊˈlɛərɪəm
syllabarium
ˌsɪləˈbɛərɪəm
tepidarium
ˌtɛpɪˈdɛərɪəm
terrarium
tɛˈrɛərɪəm
vivarium
vaɪˈvɛərɪəm

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE BARIUM

bariatric
baric
barilla
Baring
barish
barista
barit.
barite
baritonal
baritone
baritone saxophone
barium enema
barium hydroxide
barium meal
barium oxide
barium sulphate
barium titanate
bark
bark beetle
bark chippings

WORDS THAT END LIKE BARIUM

auditorium
cinerarium
conarium
evangeliarium
formicarium
leprosarium
ophidiarium
orarium
polyparium
polyzoarium
puparium
ranarium
seaquarium
septarium
spermarium
sudarium
termitarium
unguentarium
velarium
vibracularium
zoarium

Synonyms and antonyms of barium in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «barium» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF BARIUM

Find out the translation of barium to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of barium from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «barium» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

bario
570 millions of speakers

English

barium
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

बेरियम
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

الباريوم
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

бария
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

bário
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

মেঠোবিষ
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

baryum
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Barium
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Barium
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

バリウム
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

바륨
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Barium
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

bối
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

பேரியம்
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

रुप्यासारखा पांढरा मऊ धातू
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

baryum
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

bario
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

baru
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

барію
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

bariu
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

βάριο
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

barium
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

barium
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

barium
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of barium

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «BARIUM»

The term «barium» is quite widely used and occupies the 36.474 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Quite widely used
83
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «barium» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of barium
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «barium».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «BARIUM» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «barium» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «barium» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about barium

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «BARIUM»

Discover the use of barium in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to barium and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Barium
The opening sections review both natural and man-made sources of release into the environment, including nuclear fallout following the testing of weapons.
United Nations Environment Programme, International Labour Organisation, World Health Organization, 1990
2
Contrast Media: Safety Issues and ESUR Guidelines
Inflammatory reaction leading to formation of barium granulomata and fibrosis may occur. Painful masses, rectal strictures, and ulcers have been described following extraperitoneal leakage (Morcos 2000). Intravenous barium intravasation ...
Henrik S. Thomsen, Judith A. W. Webb, 2009
3
The Potter's Dictionary of Materials and Techniques
See In glazes barium carbonate is used because it is relatively insoluble whereas the desired barium oxide reacts with water. It is intended that, during firing, the carbonate decomposes to become the required barium oxide and carbon dioxide ...
Frank Hamer, Janet Hamer, 2004
4
Encyclopedia of Imaging
Allergic symptoms reported in cases of barium allergy usually involve the skin, with skin rash, urticaria, and pruritus, followed by effects on the respiratory tract and level of consciousness. Barium allergy can also take the form of a digestive ...
Albert L. Baert, 2007
5
The Alkaline Earth Metals: Beryllium, Magnesium, Calcium, ...
Explains the characteristics of alkaline earth metals, where they are found, how they are used by humans, and their relationship to other elements found in the periodic table.
Bridget Heos, 2009
6
Ferroelectric Barium Titanate Nanowires: Synthesis, ...
One-dimensional ferroelectric and piezoelectric nanowires have attracted much attention due to their interests in fundamental physics and potential applications in nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS), non-volatile ferroelectric memories, ...
Zhaoyu Wang, 2008
7
Handbook of Fillers, Extenders, and Diluents
See Barium sulfate Barium borate; Barium boron oxide. See Barium metaborate Barium carbonate CAS 513-77-9; EINECS/ELINCS 208-167-3 UN 1564 (DOT) Synonyms: Carbonic acid barium salt Classification: Inorganic barium salt ...
Michael Ash, Irene Ash, 2007
8
Barium
Barium's name originates from Greek βαρύς barys, meaning "heavy", describing the density of some common barium-containing ores. Alchemists in the early Middle Ages knew about some barium minerals. Smooth pebble-like stones of ...
Edited by Paul Muljadi
9
Barium Carbonate from China
glass producers. However, according to BassTech, Red Star, the largest Chinese producer, ***. Among other importers of barium carbonate from China, one firm said that many brick manufacturers refuse to even try Chinese-produced barium ...
10
Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology
86 calcination, 5:645 inhalation exposure, 3:371 manufacture, 3:356–360 sodium sulfide in production of, 22:874 supply and demand, 3:360 uses of, 3:360–362 Barium chlorate monohydrate, 6:116 Barium chloride, 3:362 acute lethal dose, ...

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «BARIUM»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term barium is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Contrast Media/Contrast Agents Market Worth $5.17 Billion by 2020
According to a new market research report "Contrast Media/Contrast Agents Market By Product (Iodinated, Gadolinium and Barium), By ... «PR Newswire, Jul 15»
2
Watch: Science Video Explains the Chemistry Behind Fireworks …
Orange, yellow, green and blue ones, on the other hand, are made from calcium, sodium, barium and copper salts, respectively. As for silver ... «Softpedia News, Jul 15»
3
DOTmed.com - Contrast Media/Contrast Agents Market Worth $5.17 …
Based on product, the contrast media/contrast agents market is categorized into barium, iodinated, gadolinium, and microbubble contrast ... «DOTmed.com, Jul 15»
4
These are the Minerals That Give Fireworks Their Colors - Space - Io9
The brilliant emerald green fireworks are created by the barium salts barium nitrate (Ba(NO3)2), barium chlorate (Ba(ClO3)2), barium chlorite ... «io9, Jul 15»
5
USGS on Coloring the Sky, Powering our Lives - The Elements of …
Mineralogy 101: Barium chloride is what's known as a metal salt. The barium, though, comes from minerals, mostly commonly from barite. «Sierra Sun Times, Jul 15»
6
Week in Geek: The atomic science of fireworks | MSNBC
Similarly, blue fireworks come from copper, green from barium, and red from strontium. The visible spectrum spans roughly 400 to 700 ... «MSNBC, Jul 15»
7
Strontium Nitrate And Barium Nitrate, The Fuel In Fireworks
How do they get the brilliant sparks of red, white and blue in fireworks displays? NPR's Eric Westervelt talks with Harry Gilliam, founder of ... «NPR, Jul 15»
8
Youngstown News, Wellsville Intermodal Facility continues area …
Barite, or barium sulfate, is used in drilling mud. The mud helps in drilling in high-pressure zones and softens the damage done on drilling tools ... «Youngstown Vindicator, Jul 15»
9
Do we need fireworks?
But when you consider that fireworks have not only perchlorate, but also barium (a radioactive chemical used to produce brilliant green colors ... «ATTN, Jul 15»
10
The chemistry behind a firework explosion | The Verge
For red, you want a strontium compound, and for green, you need a barium compound. Copper compounds are needed to make blue, while ... «The Verge, Jul 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Barium [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/barium>. Nov 2019 ».
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