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Meaning of "gittern" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD GITTERN

From Old French guiterne, ultimately from Old Spanish guitarraguitar.
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Etymology is the study of the origin of words and their changes in structure and significance.
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PRONUNCIATION OF GITTERN

gittern  [ˈɡɪtɜːn] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF GITTERN

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Gittern is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES GITTERN MEAN IN ENGLISH?

gittern

Gittern

The gittern was a relatively small, quill-plucked, gut strung instrument that originated around the 13th century and came to Europe via Moorish Spain. It was also called the quinterne in Germany, the guitarra in Spain, and the chitarra in Italy. A popular instrument with the minstrels and amateur musicians of the 14th century, the gittern eventually out-competed its rival, the citole. Soon after, its popularity began to fade, giving rise to the larger and more evocative lute and guitar. It is also ancestral to the mandore. During the 14th century, the gittern's recognition constantly increased, eventually ousting the similarly popular citole. However, the lute eventually overshadowed even the gittern's popularity in the 15th century. Soon after, the vihuela-shaped guitar began to appear and may have existed alongside the gittern, although the latter was gradually losing ground to the newer instrument. In spite of the gittern's slow fall from favor, it was referred to as late as the 18th century as a small round backed instrument, illustrating its occasional use.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH GITTERN


about-turn
əˌbaʊtˈtɜːn
altern
ɔːˈtɜːn
attorn
əˈtɜːn
cittern
ˈsɪtɜːn
downturn
ˈdaʊnˌtɜːn
extern
ˈɛkstɜːn
externe
ˈɛkstɜːn
flittern
ˈflɪtɜːn
intern
ɪnˈtɜːn
interne
ˈɪntɜːn
morgenstern
ˈmɔːɡənˌstɜːn
nocturne
ˈnɒktɜːn
overturn
ˌəʊvəˈtɜːn
return
rɪˈtɜːn
Saturn
ˈsætɜːn
stern
stɜːn
Sterne
stɜːn
tern
tɜːn
terne
tɜːn
turn
tɜːn

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE GITTERN

gism
gismo
Gissing
gist
git
gitana
gitano
Gitmo
gittarone
gittin
Giulini
Giulio Romano
giusto
givable
give
give a bad account of oneself
give a good account of oneself
give a horse its head
give a monkey´s
give a person a fit

WORDS THAT END LIKE GITTERN

antenna pattern
bittern
checkerboard pattern
diffraction pattern
eastern
fiddle pattern
herringbone pattern
holding pattern
intonation pattern
knitting pattern
pattern
radiation pattern
sewing pattern
slattern
stress pattern
test pattern
thinking pattern
traffic pattern
tread pattern
willow pattern
willow-pattern

Synonyms and antonyms of gittern in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «gittern» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF GITTERN

Find out the translation of gittern to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of gittern from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «gittern» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

gittern
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

gittern
570 millions of speakers

English

gittern
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

gittern
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

gittern
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

gittern
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

gittern
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

gittern
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

gittern
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Gittern
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

gittern
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

gittern
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

gittern
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Gittern
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

gittern
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

gittern
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

गिटर्न
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

Gittern
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

gittern
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

Gittern
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

gittern
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

gittern
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

gittern
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

gittern
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

Gittern
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

Gittern
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of gittern

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «GITTERN»

The term «gittern» is regularly used and occupies the 93.320 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Regularly used
57
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «gittern» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of gittern
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «gittern».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «GITTERN» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «gittern» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «gittern» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about gittern

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «GITTERN»

Discover the use of gittern in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to gittern and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
The Lute in Britain: A History of the Instrument and Its Music
Two other important plucked instruments that appear in the Cantigas miniatures are the gittern and citole. Laurence Wright has conclusively shown that the term ' gittern' should be applied to the small plucked instrument with a rounded back ...
Matthew Spring, 2006
2
A Performer's Guide to Medieval Music
Cittern Closely related to the lute in form and playing technique is the gittern. This instrument— according to the number of surviving depictions and taking Europe as a whole — was more common than its larger relative in the thirteenth and ...
Ross W. Duffin, 2000
3
Music from the Age of Shakespeare: A Cultural History
[i.e., wooden and ugly]11 Gittern The Gittern (sometimes spelled Gittron) most closely resembles a guitar, an instrument that did not come into England until after the Elizabethan era. Like a guitar, the gittern was a fretted instrument, with ...
Suzanne Lord, David Brinkman, 2003
4
The Musical Sounds of Medieval French Cities: Players, ...
It was popular not only among minstrels, but also among amateur musicians, and particularly for informal music making. Unlike many other soft instruments, multiple references to the gittern have been identified in French city records, and they ...
Gretchen Peters, 2012
5
Performance Practice: A Dictionary-guide for Musicians
Giovanni da Cascia may be represented in the Squarcialupi Codex playing a portative. (See *Italian trecento polyphony, *musica ficta, *tuning and temperament.) Gittern ( l2th-l4th c.). Plucked string instrument with gut strings and a flat back, ...
Roland John Jackson, 2005
6
Music as Concept and Practice in the Late Middle Ages
Its short string length indicates that it was relatively high pitched, capable mostly of playing cantus parts (if in fact it ever participated in the performance of composed polyphony) or treble melodies.140 Notices about the virtuoso gittern player ...
Reinhard Strohm, Bonnie J. Blackburn, 2001
7
The British Museum A-Z Companion
A. medieval. Gittern. England, late 13th-early 14th century ad Gittern England c. 1280-1330 AD MLA1963,10-2,1 h. 76 cm (30 in) Purchased with the aid of the Pilgrim Trust and the National Art Collections Fund ...
Marjorie Caygill, 2014
8
A Performer's Guide to Renaissance Music
(Meanwhile, Wright has demonstrated that the holly-leaf–shaped instrument we had been calling the gittern was actually the citole,ancestor of the Renaissance cittern;see later in this chapter.) The early gittern shares many characteristics with  ...
Jeffery T. Kite-Powell, 2007
9
Tait's Edinburgh Magazine
I know not, fair Sir," said the girl, slowly recovering herself ; " but my father is poor ; and I had heard ftst,tn these holiday occasions, one who had some slight siill on the gittern might win a few groats from the crawly of the bystanders. So I stole ...
William Tait, Christian Isobel Johnstone, 1843
10
Ancient songs and ballads from the reign of King Henry the ...
Sum tyme," says Langham, “ I foote it with dauncing: noow with my gittern, and els with my cittern, then at the virgynalz : ye kno nothing cums amisse to mee: then carroll I up a song withall :" &c. Letter signifying the queenz entertainment at K ...
Joseph Ritson, 1829

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «GITTERN»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term gittern is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Roger Rees im Alter von 71 Jahren verstorben
2001 beehrte der Schauspieler "Oz - Hölle hinter Gittern", im Jahr 2002 war Rees gleichsam als King Pheron im Abenteuerspektakel "The ... «TV Wunschliste, Jul 15»
2
Artur Trofimov - Auf der Flucht vor Interpol
Drei Monate sitzt er in der Wiener Justizanstalt Josefstadt hinter Gittern, ehe er gegen 75.000 Euro Kaution freikommt. Die Asylbehörde prüft ... «NEWS.at, Jul 15»
3
Ägypten nimmt Journalisten ins Visier
... der Journalisten (CPJ) festgestellt, dass Ägypten derzeit die höchste Zahl an Medienvertretern hinter Gittern hat, die je erhoben wurde. Am 1. «derStandard.at, Jul 15»
4
Eine Welle der Hilfsbereitschaft
Ihre mit Handys gemachten Videos zeigen überfüllte Lager und Kinder hinter Gittern. Bedroht werden sie auch von rechtsextremen Gruppen: ... «Tages-Anzeiger Online, Jul 15»
5
Beihilfe zum Völkermord
Ein Aufenthalt hinter Gittern fördert die Gedächtnisleistung enorm."[5] Vergangene Woche hat sich nun auch der bayerische Ministerpräsident ... «german-foreign-policy.com, Jul 15»
6
James Franco stiehlt Jonah Hill seine Identität
Longo landet daraufhin hinter Gittern und bekommt anschließend Besuch vom wahren Finkel, der nun versucht hinter das Geheimnis dieses ... «MOVIEPILOT NEWS, Jun 15»
7
One Direction: Bombast-Spektakel in Wien
Eingepfercht wie Sardinen in ein fast fünf Kilometer langes Labyrinth aus Zäunen, Absperrbändern und Sicherheits-Gittern rund um das ... «oe24.at, Jun 15»
8
Vor den Europaspielen in Baku: Bundestag will …
Mehr als 100 Regimegegner, Journalisten und Bürgerrechtler sitzen in Aserbaidschan hinter Gittern. Die Abgeordneten der Koalition wollen ... «tagesspiegel, Jun 15»
9
Ausgeschlagene Zähne, Gehirnerschütterungen, innere Blutungen
... den Aufzug der Rechtsextremen. Die Polizei hatte materialstark aufgefahren, um die Aufzugsstrecke der Neonazis mit Gittern abzuschirmen. «ZEIT ONLINE, May 15»
10
Swaledale Festival happy to retain the ability to surprise
The two-week festival opens on May 23 with an opportunity to hear strange instruments from the Middle Ages, including gittern, shawm, ... «Darlington and Stockton Times, Apr 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Gittern [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/gittern>. Feb 2021 ».
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