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Meaning of "haploid" in the English dictionary

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DICTIONARY
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ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD HAPLOID

From Greek haploeidēs single, from haplous single.
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Etymology is the study of the origin of words and their changes in structure and significance.
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PRONUNCIATION OF HAPLOID

haploid  [ˈhæplɔɪd] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF HAPLOID

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Haploid can act as a noun and an adjective.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

The adjective is the word that accompanies the noun to determine or qualify it.

WHAT DOES HAPLOID MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Ploidy

Ploidy is the number of sets of chromosomes in the nucleus of a cell. Normally a gamete carries a full set of chromosomes that includes a single copy of each chromosome, as aneuploidy generally leads to severe genetic disease in the offspring. The haploid number is the number of chromosomes in a gamete. Two gametes form a diploid zygote with twice this number i.e. two copies of autosomal chromosomes. However, the sex chromosomes of diploid cells, which are subject to sex linkage, may be considered as haploid chromosomes, since haploid is also the term used to define a set of chromosomes with only one copy in the cell. For humans, a diploid species, x = n = 23. A typical human somatic cell contains 46 chromosomes: 2 complete haploid sets, which make up 23 homologous chromosome pairs. Because chromosome number is generally reduced only by the specialized process of meiosis, the somatic cells of the body inherit and maintain the chromosome number of the zygote. However, in many situations somatic cells double their copy number by means of endoreduplication as an aspect of cellular differentiation.

Definition of haploid in the English dictionary

The definition of haploid in the dictionary is having a single set of unpaired chromosomes. Other definition of haploid is a haploid cell or organism.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH HAPLOID


allopolyploid
ˌæləˈpɒlɪˌplɔɪd
allotetraploid
ˌæləʊˈtɛtrəˌplɔɪd
amphidiploid
ˌæmfɪˈdɪplɔɪd
amphiploid
ˈæmfɪˌplɔɪd
aneuploid
ˈænjʊˌplɔɪd
autopolyploid
ˌɔːtəʊˈpɒlɪˌplɔɪd
diploid
ˈdɪplɔɪd
euploid
ˈjuːplɔɪd
heteroploid
ˈhɛtərəʊˌplɔɪd
hexaploid
ˈhɛksəˌplɔɪd
hyperploid
ˈhaɪpəˌplɔɪd
hypodiploid
ˌhaɪpəʊˈdɪplɔɪd
monoploid
ˈmɒnəˌplɔɪd
octaploid
ˈɒktəˌplɔɪd
pentaploid
ˈpɛntəplɔɪd
polyploid
ˈpɒlɪˌplɔɪd
tetraploid
ˈtɛtrəˌplɔɪd
triploid
ˈtrɪplɔɪd
underemployed
ˌʌndərɪmˈplɔɪd
unemployed
ˌʌnɪmˈplɔɪd

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE HAPLOID

hapless
haplessly
haplessness
haplite
haplitic
haplobiont
haplobiontic
haplographies
haplography
haploidic
haploidy
haplologic
haplology
haplont
haplontic
haplopia
haplosis
haplostemonous
haplotype
haply

WORDS THAT END LIKE HAPLOID

alkaloid
amygdaloid
amyloid
celluloid
colloid
crystalloid
cycloid
endopolyploid
haloid
hydrocolloid
hyperboloid
keloid
loid
metalloid
mongoloid
myeloid
paraboloid
styloid
tabloid
tuberculoid

Synonyms and antonyms of haploid in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «haploid» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF HAPLOID

Find out the translation of haploid to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of haploid from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «haploid» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

单倍体
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

haploides
570 millions of speakers

English

haploid
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

अगुणित
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

فرداني
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

гаплоидны
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

haplóides
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

হ্যাপ্লয়ড
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

haploïde
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Haploid
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

haploiden
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

半数体
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

반수체
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Haploid
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

đơn bội
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

ஒரு தொகுதி
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

नेत्रहीन
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

haploit
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

aploide
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

haploidalna
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

гаплоїдни
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

haploid
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

απλοειδή
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

haploïed
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

haploida
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

haploid
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of haploid

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «HAPLOID»

The term «haploid» is regularly used and occupies the 86.363 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
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100%
FREQUENCY
Regularly used
60
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «haploid» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of haploid
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «haploid».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «HAPLOID» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «haploid» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «haploid» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about haploid

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «HAPLOID»

Discover the use of haploid in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to haploid and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
In Vitro Haploid Production in Higher Plants: Volume 4: Cereals
Because doubled haploids are equivalent to inbred lines, their value has been appreciated by plant breeders for decades. The search for natural haploids and methods to induce them has been ongoing since the beginning of the 20th century.
S. Mohan Jain, S.K. Sopory, Ricahrd Veilleux, 1996
2
Androgenesis and Haploid Plants
This book illustrates how the advances in plant molecular and cell biology provide an exciting means for the analysis of androgenesis in terms of pollen development and the initiation of embryogenesis.
Jean-Pierre Bourgin, Yves Chupeau, Michel Caboche, 1998
3
Doubled Haploid Production in Crop Plants: A Manual
This is the first manual presenting a set of protocols for production of doubled haploids (DH) in 22 major crop plant species including 4 tree species.
M. Maluszynski, 2003
4
Advances in Haploid Production in Higher Plants
Other invited contributions have been included to provide a rounded view of activities in the subject. The book covers topics in: Historical Overviews; Basic Biology; Genetics; Biotechnology. Breeding and Novel Applications.
Alisher Touraev, Brian P. Forster, S. Mohan Jain, 2008
5
Haploids in Crop Improvement II
Overview of 'Haploidy Pathways to Microspore Embryogenesis'.
Constantine E. Don Palmer, Wilfred A. Keller, Kenneth Kasha, 2006
6
Fantastic Voyages: Learning Science Through Science Fiction ...
Diploid and Haploid Cells The cells of most eukaryotic organisms have a double set of genetic information. When their chromatin condenses into chromosomes, they are present as pairs. This condition makes a cell diploid. (Notice the first part  ...
Leroy W. Dubeck, Suzanne E. Moshier, Judith E. Boss, 2003
7
The Cell Cycle: Principles of Control
chromosome. Haploid cells exist in two mating types (a and a in budding yeast; P and M in fission yeast), which secrete specific mating factors or pheromones (a- factor and a-factor in budding yeast, for example). When cells of opposite mating  ...
David Morgan, 2007
8
The Genetics of Algae
A single haploid cell, and gametes which are of equal ploidy, are homologous to haploid sexual cells or their division products, formed by the diploid organism through tetrad formation. All cells, including those of haploid organisms which differ ...
Ralph A. Lewin, 1976
9
Molecular Genetic Approaches to Maize Improvement
The frequency of haploids could be higher than 100% because of the occurrence of haploid twins and triplets. During the first 4 years there was a constant threat of losing this line because of its haploid nature, and diploid seeds were rare.
Alan L. Kriz, Brian A. Larkins, 2008
10
The Gist of Genetics: Guide to Learning and Review
Most fungi and certain algae are haploid; diploids comprise most of the plant world, protozoa, invertebrates, and vertebrates. Even though organisms are referred to as haploid or diploid, all sexual organisms go through both haploid and ...
Rowland H. Davis, Stephen G. Weller, 1997

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «HAPLOID»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term haploid is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Chinese scientists edit genes to produce artificial sperm capable of …
They achieved this by putting the sperm in an egg with the nucleus removed, which would turn into a haploid embryonic stem cell with functions ... «South China Morning Post, Jul 15»
2
The ISME Journal - A novel intracellular mutualistic bacterium in the …
(a) In genomic coverage data for pooled haploid males mapped against the Westeberhardia reference, Westeberhardia reads (We) were ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
3
Sequenom Upgraded to Buy at Zacks (SQNM) | sleekmoney
... sells MassARRAY System, which provides quantitative DNA methylation analysis and comparative sequence analysis of haploid organisms, ... «sleekmoney, Jul 15»
4
Microspore culture reveals complex meiotic behaviour in a …
... that 74 MD progeny had only one parental allele at most loci, indicating that these progeny were derived from reduced (haploid) gametes. «BMC Blogs Network, Jul 15»
5
Genetic screening reveals a link between Wnt signaling and …
(For the sex chromosomes, the additional copies are diploid rather than haploid.) Each RH clone contains ~10–30% of the genome as extra ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
6
'Virgin Births' Won't Save The Smalltooth Sawfish From Extinction
The egg is haploid, so if a female vertebrate is going to grow some parthenogenetic offspring, she'll need to find a way to double up the ... «Gizmodo Australia, Jul 15»
7
High Cholesterol Good for Hantavirus
The findings from this study were published recently in mBio through an article entitled “Haploid Genetic Screen Reveals a Profound and Direct ... «Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News, Jul 15»
8
Human Genome Sequenced without Cloning Steps
In particular, the final assembled sequence, often referred to as the reference genome, is composed of a haploid sequence from its human ... «Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News, Jun 15»
9
Irrigated hard white winter wheat options forthcoming
A third line Chen bred with doubled haploid technology — a breeding shortcut that eliminates variation in progeny — IDO 1209 DH, may be too ... «Capital press, Jun 15»
10
AgriPro VIP Field Day showcases wheat
Technology and tools like doubled haploid breeding or marker assisted selection help them shave time off the long breeding process. Rich also ... «High Plains Journal, Jun 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Haploid [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/haploid>. Dec 2019 ».
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