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Meaning of "polyploid" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

PRONUNCIATION OF POLYPLOID

polyploid  [ˈpɒlɪˌplɔɪd] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF POLYPLOID

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Polyploid can act as a noun and an adjective.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

The adjective is the word that accompanies the noun to determine or qualify it.

WHAT DOES POLYPLOID MEAN IN ENGLISH?

polyploid

Polyploid

Polyploid cells and organisms are those containing more than two paired sets of chromosomes. Most eukaryotic species are diploid, meaning they have two sets of chromosomes—one set inherited from each parent. However, polyploidy is found in some organisms and is especially common in plants. In addition, polyploidy also occurs in some tissues of animals that are otherwise diploid, such as human muscle tissues. This is known as endopolyploidy. Prokaryotes are haploid organisms, with only a single chromosome in each cell. Most eukaryotes have diploid cells, but produce haploid gametes by meiosis. In plants and multicellular algae the gametophyte generation is haploid, and produces gametes by mitosis. A monoploid has only one set of chromosomes, and the term is usually only applied to cells or organisms that are normally diploid. Male bees and other Hymenoptera, for example, are monoploid. Polyploidy refers to a numerical change in a whole set of chromosomes. Organisms in which a particular chromosome, or chromosome segment, is under- or overrepresented are said to be aneuploid.

Definition of polyploid in the English dictionary

The definition of polyploid in the dictionary is having more than twice the basic number of chromosomes. Other definition of polyploid is an individual or cell of this type.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH POLYPLOID


allopolyploid
ˌæləˈpɒlɪˌplɔɪd
allotetraploid
ˌæləʊˈtɛtrəˌplɔɪd
amphiploid
ˈæmfɪˌplɔɪd
aneuploid
ˈænjʊˌplɔɪd
autopolyploid
ˌɔːtəʊˈpɒlɪˌplɔɪd
diploid
ˈdɪplɔɪd
endopolyploid
ˌɛndəʊˈpɒlɪˌplɔɪd
euploid
ˈjuːplɔɪd
haploid
ˈhæplɔɪd
heteroploid
ˈhɛtərəʊˌplɔɪd
hexaploid
ˈhɛksəˌplɔɪd
hyperploid
ˈhaɪpəˌplɔɪd
hypodiploid
ˌhaɪpəʊˈdɪplɔɪd
hypoploid
ˈhaɪpəˌplɔɪd
monoploid
ˈmɒnəˌplɔɪd
octaploid
ˈɒktəˌplɔɪd
tetraploid
ˈtɛtrəˌplɔɪd
triploid
ˈtrɪplɔɪd
underemployed
ˌʌndərɪmˈplɔɪd
unemployed
ˌʌnɪmˈplɔɪd

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE POLYPLOID

polyphony
polyphosphoric acid
polyphyletic
polyphyletically
polyphyllous
polyphyodont
polypi
polypide
polypill
polypine
polyploidal
polyploidic
polyploidy
polypnea
polypneic
polypod
polypodies
polypodous
polypody
polypoid

WORDS THAT END LIKE POLYPLOID

alkaloid
amygdaloid
amyloid
celluloid
colloid
crystalloid
cycloid
haloid
hydrocolloid
hyperboloid
keloid
loid
metalloid
mongoloid
myeloid
paraboloid
pentaploid
styloid
tabloid
tuberculoid

Synonyms and antonyms of polyploid in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «polyploid» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF POLYPLOID

Find out the translation of polyploid to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of polyploid from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «polyploid» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

多倍体
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

poliploide
570 millions of speakers

English

polyploid
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

polyploid
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

متعدد الصيغ الصبغية
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

полиплоидными
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

polyploid
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

polyploid
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

polyploïdes
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Polyploid
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

polyploiden
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

倍数体
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

배수체
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Polyploid
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

đa bội
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

polyploid
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

पॉलीप्लाइड
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

polyploid
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

poliploide
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

poliploidalna
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

поліплоїдні
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

poliploid
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

πολυπλοειδές
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

poliploïed
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

polyploid
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

polyploide
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of polyploid

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «POLYPLOID»

The term «polyploid» is regularly used and occupies the 94.876 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Regularly used
56
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «polyploid» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of polyploid
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «polyploid».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «POLYPLOID» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «polyploid» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «polyploid» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about polyploid

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «POLYPLOID»

Discover the use of polyploid in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to polyploid and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Genome Multiplication in Growth and Development: Biology of ...
The book is fully referenced citing literature published in many languages, and is particularly valuable in that it includes scientific results previously available only in Russian.
Vsevolod I͡Akovlevich Brodskiĭ, Irina Vasilʹevna Uryvaeva, 1985
2
Polyploidy and Genome Evolution
This book brings together for the first time the conceptual and theoretical underpinnings of polyploid genome evolution with syntheses of the patterns and processes of genome evolution in diverse polyploid groups.
Pamela Soltis, Douglas E. Soltis, 2012
3
Polyploid and Hybrid Genomics
Z. Jeffrey Chen, James A. Birchler. origin of T turgidum, a very small distal part of the SAL segment of 4A was interchanged with a large distal segment of the short arm of chromosome 7B (Naranjo et al., 1987). In addition, 4A underwent three ...
Z. Jeffrey Chen, James A. Birchler, 2013
4
Genetic Structure and Mating Patterns of Diploid and ...
Reproduction in the Rocky Mountain genus Townsendia involves a complex interplay of polyploidy and apomixis.
Stacey Lee Thompson, 2006
5
Colloquium on Variation and Evolution in Plants and ...
In this paper, we review some of the genetic attributes of polyploids that have been suggested to account for the tremendous success of polyploid plants. Based on a limited number of studies, we conclude: (/') Polyploids, both individuals and ...
Francisco Jos_ Ayala, Walter M. Fitch, Michael I. Chegg, 2000
6
Molecular Systematics of Plants
Approximately 47% to 52% of all angiosperm species are polyploid (V. Grant, 1981). Estimates of the frequency of polyploidy in pteridophytes range from 43.5 % for the ferns alone (Vida, 1976) to 95% for pteridophytes as a whole (V. Grant,  ...
Pamela S. Soltis, Douglas E. Soltis, J.J. Doyle, 1992
7
Evolutionary Biology from Concept to Application
These are (1) the appearance of cilia in dividing human polyploid lymphoma cells (Fig.4.2a, b), (2) the most primitive type of mitosis—pleuromitosis—whereby the nuclear envelope is preserved (Fig.4.2f), (3) chromatin extrusion (diminution)  ...
Pierre Pontarotti, 2008
8
Darwin and the Nature of Species
Suppose our species A and species B were to produce a polyploid population that subsequently went extinct, and that, a season later, species A and species B were to do it again. According to cladism, each of the two polyploid populations, ...
David N. Stamos, 2012
9
Biology, Conservation and Sustainable Development of Sturgeons
Muller (1925) considered a developed mechanism of sex determination a substantial barrier for the origin of polyploid species, and he was perhaps the first who advanced arguments for the impossibility of polyploidy among bisexual animals.
Carmona Martos Carmona, Alberto Domezain, Manuel Garcia-gallego, 2008
10
Polyploid
This is known as endopolyploidy. (Monoploid organisms also occur; a monoploid has only one set of chromosomes. These include the vast majority of prokaryotes.)
Jesse Russell, Ronald Cohn, 2012

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «POLYPLOID»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term polyploid is used in the context of the following news items.
1
HudsonAlpha investigator, research partners receive $2M to …
Polyploid plants contain two pairs of chromosomes, unlike humans, which have one paired set. About 80 percent of plants are polyploid. The HudsonAlpha ... «WAFF, Jul 15»
2
Cytotype diversity and genome size variation in Knautia …
Results: Genome size is a reliable indicator of ploidy level in Knautia, even if monoploid genome downsizing is observed in the polyploid ... «7thSpace Interactive, Jul 15»
3
Clemson scientist shares $2.4 million from NSF to advance cotton …
The results from this project will have direct insights into polyploid genomes and also lay the framework for deeper analysis into the genome of ... «Clemson Newsstand, Jul 15»
4
Rhizobium–legume symbiosis in the absence of Nod factors: two …
... to antimicrobial peptides of innate immunity that target the bacteria and convert them in a differentiated, enlarged and polyploid state (Van de ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
5
Rehabilitation plant unmasked as common saltbush
The task's difficulty was exacerbated because of the plant's polyploid nature, meaning it has multiple copies of chromosomes to be considered. «Science Network Western Australia, Jun 15»
6
Fluidigm Adds New Targeted Sequencing Application to Juno
Scientists can process low-concentration DNA samples such as tissue samples, buccal swabs, blood, FFPE and polyploid organisms using the ... «Zacks.com, May 15»
7
Fluidigm Brings Automated Targeted Library Prep to Juno
... to the SNP genotyping IFC that enabled scientists to genotype challenging DNA samples from buccal swabs, FFPE, and polyploid organisms. «Business Wire, May 15»
8
BGI Team Generates Haplotype-Resolved De Novo Human …
... could be applied to the de novo assembly of other types of genomes, including those with high levels of heterozygosity or polyploid genomes ... «GenomeWeb, May 15»
9
TP53 transcription factor for the NEDD9/HEF1/Cas-L gene: potential …
On the histograms for non-apoptotic cells (Fig. 2B), only blocking in the G1 phase is visible. NSCLC-N6-L16 is a polyploid cell line, which is ... «Nature.com, May 15»
10
Ceres (CERE) Licenses Its Genome Browsing Software HZPC
We also are excited about working with HZPC's experts to expand Persephone's functionality into polyploid species, like potato, where plants ... «StreetInsider.com, May 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Polyploid [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/polyploid>. Jul 2019 ».
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