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Meaning of "hydrofluoric acid" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

PRONUNCIATION OF HYDROFLUORIC ACID

hydrofluoric acid  [ˌhaɪdrəʊfluːˈɒrɪk] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF HYDROFLUORIC ACID

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Hydrofluoric acid is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES HYDROFLUORIC ACID MEAN IN ENGLISH?

hydrofluoric acid

Hydrofluoric acid

Hydrofluoric acid is a solution of hydrogen fluoride in water. It is a precursor to almost all fluorine compounds, including pharmaceuticals such as fluoxetine, diverse materials such as PTFE, and elemental fluorine itself. It is a colourless solution that is highly corrosive, capable of dissolving many materials, especially oxides. Its well known ability to dissolve glass has been known since the 17th century, even before Carl Wilhelm Scheele prepared it in large quantities in 1771. Because of its high reactivity toward glass and moderate reactivity toward many metals, hydrofluoric acid is usually stored in plastic containers. Hydrogen fluoride gas is an acute poison that may immediately and permanently damage lungs and the corneas of the eyes. Aqueous hydrofluoric acid is a contact-poison with the potential for deep, initially painless burns and ensuing tissue death. By interfering with body calcium metabolism, the concentrated acid may also cause systemic toxicity and eventual cardiac arrest and fatality, after contact with as little as 160 cm2 of skin.

Definition of hydrofluoric acid in the English dictionary

The definition of hydrofluoric acid in the dictionary is the colourless aqueous solution of hydrogen fluoride: a strong acid that attacks glass.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH HYDROFLUORIC ACID


aleatoric
ˌælɪəˈtɒrɪk
amphoric
æmˈfɒrɪk
caloric
kəˈlɒrɪk
categoric
ˌkætɪˈɡɒrɪk
Doric
ˈdɒrɪk
dysphoric
dɪsˈfɒrɪk
euphoric
juːˈfɒrɪk
historic
hɪˈstɒrɪk
hydrochloric
ˌhaɪdrəʊˈklɒrɪk
hydrofluoric
ˌhaɪdrəʊfluːˈɒrɪk
metaphoric
ˌmetəˈfɒrɪk
meteoric
ˌmiːtɪˈɒrɪk
motoric
məʊˈtɒrɪk
paregoric
ˌpærəˈɡɒrɪk
phantasmagoric
ˌfæntæzməˈɡɒrɪk
phosphoric
fɒsˈfɒrɪk
prehistoric
ˌpriːhɪˈstɒrɪk
pyrophoric
ˌpaɪrəʊˈfɒrɪk
toric
ˈtɒrɪk
Warwick
ˈwɒrɪk

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE HYDROFLUORIC ACID

hydrodynamically
hydrodynamicist
hydrodynamics
hydroelastic
hydroelastic suspension
hydroelectric
hydroelectric power
hydroelectricity
hydroextractor
hydrofluoric
hydrofoil
hydroforming
hydrogel
hydrogen
hydrogen bomb
hydrogen bond
hydrogen bromide
hydrogen carbonate
hydrogen chloride
hydrogen cyanide

WORDS THAT END LIKE HYDROFLUORIC ACID

acetic acid
acid
adipic acid
amino acid
ascorbic acid
carboxylic acid
citric acid
fatty acid
folic acid
gamma-aminobutyric acid
hyaluronic acid
hydrochloric acid
hydroxy acid
lactic acid
lysergic acid
nonessential amino acid
nucleic acid
omega-3 fatty acid
sulfuric acid
trichloroacetic acid
uric acid

Synonyms and antonyms of hydrofluoric acid in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «hydrofluoric acid» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF HYDROFLUORIC ACID

Find out the translation of hydrofluoric acid to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of hydrofluoric acid from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «hydrofluoric acid» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

氢氟酸
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

ácido fluorhídrico
570 millions of speakers

English

hydrofluoric acid
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

Hydrofluoric एसिड
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

حمض الهيدروفلوريك
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

плавиковой кислоты
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

ácido fluorídrico
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

হাইড্রফ্লোরিক ক্ষার
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

l´acide fluorhydrique
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Asid hidrofluorik
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Fluorwasserstoffsäure
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

フッ化水素酸
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

불산
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Asam hidrofluorat
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

axít flohiđric
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

ஹைட்ரோகிளோரிக் அமிலம்
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

हायड्रोफ्लोरिक ऍसिड
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

hidroflorik asit
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

acido fluoridrico
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

kwas fluorowodorowy
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

плавиковою кислоти
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

acid fluorhidric
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

υδροφθορικό οξύ
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

fluoorsuur
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

fluorvätesyra
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

flussyre
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of hydrofluoric acid

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «HYDROFLUORIC ACID»

The term «hydrofluoric acid» is quite widely used and occupies the 53.887 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Quite widely used
75
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «hydrofluoric acid» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of hydrofluoric acid
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «hydrofluoric acid».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «HYDROFLUORIC ACID» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «hydrofluoric acid» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «hydrofluoric acid» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about hydrofluoric acid

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «HYDROFLUORIC ACID»

Discover the use of hydrofluoric acid in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to hydrofluoric acid and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Handbook of Corrosion Data
blistering and stepwise cracking in the presence of either aqueous or anhydrous hydrofluoric acid. Corrosion of steel by nonoxidizing acids is accompanied by the formation of atomic hydrogen, which then either combines to form gaseous ...
Bruce D. Craig, David S. Anderson, 1994
2
On Hydrofluoric Acid
Various other fluorides besides that of chromium evolve much hydrofluoric acid when heated. A very weak acid became concentrated to a large extent by desiccation over strong sulphuric acid in a closed leaden chamber at 60° Fahr. ; but as ...
G. Gore, 1869
3
A Manual for the Chemical Analysis of Metals
Mixtures of Hydrofluoric Acid and Nitric Acid — These are extremely effective solvents for a wide range of metals and alloys, including titanium, niobium, tantalum, and other metals that are impervious to aqua regia. Platinum does not dissolve, ...
Thomas R. Dulski, 1996
4
Preconcentration Techniques For Trace Elements
Acids The usual acid is hydrofluoric acid which readily dissolves aluminosilicates . Its dissolving power increases sharply with temperature. The dissolution time is reduced by the use of Teflon-lined steel closed vessels which combine high ...
Zeev Alfassi, Chien M. Wai, 1991
5
Titanium: A Technical Guide
Table 11.2 Corrosion of titanium in sulfuric acid pickle baths A nitric-hydrofluoric acid solution, which is the final stage brightening in most alloy cleaning lines, should be maintained at a minimum ratio of 15 parts nitric acid to 1 part hydrofluoric ...
Matthew J. Donachie, 2000
6
Chemical Principles
From its small Ka value, we know that hydrofluoric acid is a weak acid and will be dissociated only to a slight extent. Thus when we write the major species, the hydrofluoric acid will be represented in its dominant form, as HF. The major ...
Steven Zumdahl, 2007
7
Handbook of Semiconductor Manufacturing Technology, Second ...
The etching of silicon oxides by hydrofluoric acid solutions are among the most prevalent and time- honored reactions in semiconductor processing. Silicon dioxide (SiO2) is rendered soluble by conversion to the silicon hexafluoride ion ...
Yoshio Nishi, Robert Doering, 2007
8
Petroleum Refining
Advocates of the hydrofluoric acid process argue that both capital and total operating costs are less than those of sulfuric acid processes for the following reasons: 1. Smaller and simpler reactor designs are feasible. 2. Cooling water can be ...
James H. Gary, Glenn E. Handwerk, 2001
9
Chemistry: Principles and Reactions
... kg/yr) and HCl (3 3 109 kg/yr). They are most familiar as water solutions, referred to as hydrofluoric acid and hydrochloric acid, respectively. Recall ( Chapter 13) that hydrofluoric acid is weak, incompletely dissociated in water, whereas HCl is ...
William Masterton, Cecile Hurley, Edward Neth, 2011
10
Keeping It Clean: Removing Exterior Dirt, Paint, Stains and ...
Acidic cleaning is a two-part process: first, the acid cleansing solution is applied to the pre- wet masonry surface. After completing its action, the acid solution is then removed from the masonry by a thorough water rinse. Hydrofluoric acid is the ...
Anne E. Grimmer, 1992

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «HYDROFLUORIC ACID»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term hydrofluoric acid is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Hydrofluoric acid burns 6 Eden Prairie firefighters, gear now qu …
Esbensen believes six fighters were burned by hydrofluoric acid, a very dangerous chemical that burns through skin. Now, $100,000 worth of ... «FOX 9 News, Jul 15»
2
DuPont Safety Practices Under Increased Scrutiny · Environmental …
... DuPont issued a statement saying that the latest round of OSHA citations are the result of a review of the herbicide and hydrofluoric acid (HF) ... «Environmental Leader, Jul 15»
3
Honeywell Solstice Refrigerants Approved For Use By U.S. …
... makers worldwide, and blowing agents for energy-efficient foam insulation, as well as hydrofluoric acid and precursors for nuclear fuel. «MarketWatch, Jul 15»
4
OSHA Revisits DuPont Facility Where Four Workers Died, Issues …
... saying in a statement that the OSHA citations are a result of the review of the herbicide and hydrofluoric acid (HF) units at the La Porte site. «EHS Today, Jul 15»
5
OSHA cites DuPont over safety concerns
DuPont defended its response to the tragedy and OSHA's most recent complaints about the herbicide and hydrofluoric acid units at the Texas ... «Philly.com, Jul 15»
6
Fond of Bonds: Our Chemical of The Week is Chlorine Trifluoride
But even more concerning, when chlorine trifluoride comes into contact with water, it can release highly toxic gases including hydrofluoric acid ... «Chem.Info, Jul 15»
7
OSHA labels DuPont 'severe' safety violator
DuPont said that this week's new OSHA citations were issued a result of an agency review of the herbicide and hydrofluoric acid units at the La ... «Charleston Gazette, Jul 15»
8
OSHA labels DuPont a severe violator after four killed in Texas
Woods said DuPont officials separately have reviewed procedures at the site's herbicide and hydrofluoric acid (HF) units and are addressing ... «Chron.com, Jul 15»
9
Siting agreement amended for US deconversion plant
As well as producing specialist fluoride gases for a variety of industrial applications, the plant will also produce anhydrous hydrofluoric acid ... «World Nuclear News, Jul 15»
10
Chlorine Trifluoride: The Chemical That Sets Fire To Asbestos On …
... react explosively with it and as a fun byproduct creates large amounts of dangerous gasses such as hydrofluoric acid and hydrochloric acid. «Gizmodo Australia, Jul 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Hydrofluoric acid [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/hydrofluoric-acid>. Aug 2019 ».
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