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Meaning of "hyoscyamine" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD HYOSCYAMINE

From New Latin, from Greek huoskuamos (from hus pig + kuamos bean) + amine.
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Etymology is the study of the origin of words and their changes in structure and significance.
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PRONUNCIATION OF HYOSCYAMINE

hyoscyamine  [ˌhaɪəˈsaɪəˌmiːn] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF HYOSCYAMINE

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Hyoscyamine is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES HYOSCYAMINE MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Hyoscyamine

Hyoscyamine is a tropane alkaloid. It is a secondary metabolite found in certain plants of the Solanaceae family, including henbane, mandrake, jimsonweed, tomato and deadly nightshade. It is the levorotary isomer of atropine and thus sometimes known as levo-atropine. Hyoscyamine should not be confused with hyoscine, an older alternate name for the related nightshade-derived anticholinergic scopolamine for which it is the precursor. Brand names for hyoscyamine include Symax, HyoMax, Anaspaz, Egazil, Buwecon, Cystospaz, Levsin, Levbid, Levsinex, Donnamar, NuLev, Spacol T/S and Neoquess.

Definition of hyoscyamine in the English dictionary

The definition of hyoscyamine in the dictionary is a poisonous alkaloid occurring in henbane and related plants: an optically active isomer of atropine, used in medicine in a similar way. Formula: C17H23NO3.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH HYOSCYAMINE


amphetamine
æmˈfɛtəˌmiːn
antihistamine
ˌæntɪˈhɪstəˌmiːn
chloramine
ˈklɔːrəˌmiːn
cholestyramine
ˌkɒlɪˈstaɪərəˌmiːn
desipramine
dəˈsɪprəˌmiːn
diamine
ˈdaɪəˌmiːn
diethylamine
daɪˈeθɪləˌmiːn
dimethylamine
daɪˈmiːθaɪləˌmiːn
etamine
ˈɛtəˌmiːn
glutamine
ˈɡluːtəˌmiːn
histamine
ˈhɪstəˌmiːn
imipramine
ɪˈmɪprəˌmiːn
melamine
ˈmɛləˌmiːn
methenamine
mɛˈθiːnəˌmiːn
methylamine
miːˈθaɪləˌmiːn
protamine
ˈprəʊtəˌmiːn
pyrithiamine
ˌpɪrɪˈθaɪəˌmiːn
rhodamine
ˈrəʊdəˌmiːn
thiamine
ˈθaɪəˌmiːn
trimethylamine
traɪˈmɛθɪləˌmiːn

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE HYOSCYAMINE

hymnology
hynoanalyses
hyoid
hyoid bone
hyoidal
hyoidean
hyoplastra
hyoplastral
hyoplastron
hyoscine
hyoscyamus
hyp.
hypabyssal
hypabyssally
hypaesthesia
hypaesthesic
hypaethral
hypaethron
hypalgesia
hypalgesic

WORDS THAT END LIKE HYOSCYAMINE

amine
cardamine
determine
diphenylamine
dopamine
ethylamine
examine
famine
gamine
glucosamine
hydroxylamine
hydroxytryptamine
ketamine
methamphetamine
monoamine
phosphatidylethanolamine
potato famine
propylamine
re-examine
triethylamine
tyramine

Synonyms and antonyms of hyoscyamine in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «hyoscyamine» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF HYOSCYAMINE

Find out the translation of hyoscyamine to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of hyoscyamine from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «hyoscyamine» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

莨菪碱
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

hiosciamina
570 millions of speakers

English

hyoscyamine
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

hyoscyamine
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

هيوسيامين
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

гиосциамин
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

hyoscyamine
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

hyoscyamine
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

hyoscyamine
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Hyoscyamine
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Hyoscyamin
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

ヒヨスチアミン
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

hyoscyamine
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Hyoscyamine
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

hyoscyamine
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

hyoscyamine
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

हायोसैसीमाइन
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

hyoscyamine
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

iosciamina
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

hioscyjamina
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

гиосциамін
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

hyoscyamine
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

υοσκυαμίνη
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

hiossiamien
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

hyoscyamin
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

hyoscyamin
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of hyoscyamine

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «HYOSCYAMINE»

The term «hyoscyamine» is regularly used and occupies the 81.565 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Regularly used
62
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «hyoscyamine» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of hyoscyamine
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «hyoscyamine».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «HYOSCYAMINE» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «hyoscyamine» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «hyoscyamine» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about hyoscyamine

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «HYOSCYAMINE»

Discover the use of hyoscyamine in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to hyoscyamine and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Medical Botany: Plants Affecting Human Health
The principal alkaloids are (-)-hyoscyamine, atropine [(±)-hyoscyamine], scopolamine (hyoscine), and the anhydride of atropine, apoa- tropine, and its stereoisomer, helladonnine. All plants are toxic, hut they can he used, depending on dose.
Walter H. Lewis, 2003
2
The Alkaloids: Chemistry and Physiology V1: Chemistry and ...
With hyoscyamine the red color does not develop until the mixture is warmed. These alkaloids also give distinctive micro-crystals with Wormley's reagent (1) ( bromine in hydrobromic acid) and Wagner's reagent (196) (iodine in potassium ...
R. H. F. Manske, Henry Lavergne Holmes, 1965
3
Medicinal Natural Products: A Biosynthetic Approach
Probably for traditional reasons, salts of both (—)hyoscyamine and (±) hyoscyamine (atropine) are used medicinally, whereas usage of hyoscine is restricted to thenatural laevorotatory form. These alkaloids compete with acetylcholine for the ...
Paul M. Dewick, 2011
4
Solanaceae and Convolvulaceae: Secondary Metabolites: ...
This led to the discovery that hyoscyamine is the ester of 3α-hydroxytropane and (−)-tropic acid (Fig. 3.14). The absolute S-configuration of the latter could not be deduced until many decades later (Fodor and Csepreghy 1959); accordingly, ...
Eckart Eich, 2008
5
Medicinal Plants
Hyoscyamine and its salts hyoscyamine sulphate and hyoscyamine hydrobromide are used in the treatment of parkinsonism, delirium and tremor. Atropine, the racemic form of hyoscyamine is commercially prepared by racemisation of ...
Alice Kurian, M. Asha Sankar, 2007
6
The Alkaloids: Chemistry and Biology
The specificities of tropinone reduction displayed by these chimeric enzymes revealed that a fragment of about 70 amino acid residues is essential for stereospecificity (171). 2. Hyoscyamine Hashimoto and Yamada described the isolation of a ...
Geoffrey A. Cordell, 2002
7
Studies in Natural Products Chemistry
Tropane alkaloids occur mainly in the Solanaceae family as well as in the families Orchidaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Brassicaceae [82-83] and include mainly atropine (± hyoscyamine), scopolamine and the narcotic anesthetic cocaine.
Atta-ur-Rahman, 2008
8
Medicinal and Aromatic Plants XII
Hyoscyamus plants are a natural source for the isolation of hyoscyamine ( atropine) and scopolamine, 6-7 epoxide of hyoscyamine. Both alkaloids are of medicinal importance because of their suppressive activity on the para- sympathetic ...
Y. P. S. Bajaj, Toshiyuki Nagata, Yutaka Ebizuka, 2002
9
Chemistry and Biology
Hyoscyamine 0% Hp-hydroxylase H CH N, ",0 . N. . 2-Oxoglutarato Succinate ° 0 OH on on H” 0 0 0 ascorbale O Q 0 0 co, Hyoscyamine (90) GB- Hydroxyhyoscyamlne (110) Scopolamine (91) FIG. 26. Reaction catalyzed by hyoscyamine ...
‎1997
10
Alkaloids: Chemical and Biological Perspectives: Chemical ...
A, 863, Y. H. Choi et al., Strategies for Supercritical fluid extraction of hyoscyamine and scopolamine salts using basified modifiers, 47-55, 1999, with permission from Elsevier Science. SFE (myg) % of modifier Methanol Water Hyoscyamine ...
S.W. Pelletier, 2001

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «HYOSCYAMINE»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term hyoscyamine is used in the context of the following news items.
1
American lifestyle sets stage for irritable bowel syndrome
Hyoscyamine (Levsin) and dicyclomine (Bentyl) can relieve painful bowel spasms. Because stress can stimulate colon spasms in people who ... «Las Vegas Review-Journal, Jul 15»
2
Local girl spells well, but exam forces exit
The champion speller and seventh-grader at New Lebanon Junior-Senior High School nailed the spelling of that word and of "hyoscyamine" ... «Albany Times Union, May 15»
3
Crohn's disease affects young and old
Abdominal cramps may be controlled by using antispasmodic medications such as hyoscyamine, but only if intestinal obstruction has been ... «Irish Independent, May 15»
4
New Book Explores the Zombie Brain
During the recovery, the victim is forced to consume datura, a plant that contains chemicals such as scopolamine and hyoscyamine, powerful ... «Scientific American, Apr 15»
5
Boulder's Grillo Center: Medications and the risk of developing …
... overactive bladder (e.g. oxybutynin); gastrointestinal antispasmodics, such as hyoscyamine, and the first-generation sedating antihistamines. «Boulder Daily Camera, Apr 15»
6
Huge wealth of medicinal plants of Kashmir remains untapped! Why?
The chief active principal being Hyoscyamine, which is also present in Hyoscymus and Belladonna plants. Applied tropically, it gives relief from pain of tumors ... «Kashmir Images, Mar 15»
7
Beware the psychedelic effects of zombie cucumber
... of the plant can lead to hallucinations caused by its tropane alkaloids, which include atropine, hyoscine (scopolamine) and hyoscyamine. «The Pharmaceutical Journal, Jan 15»
8
Mission Pharmacal Launches Primary Care Sales Force
... sodium phosphate monobasic, phenyl salicylate, methylene blue, hyoscyamine sulfate), and Prednisolone Sodium Phosphate Oral Solution ... «PR Newswire, Oct 14»
9
Devil's Snare on Nantucket
The active ingredients in a jimson weed plant include atropine, hyoscine (scopolamine- used for motion sickness) hyoscyamine and tropane ... «Yesterday's Island/Today's Nantucket, Sep 14»
10
The Inexhaustible Hamlet
... because of the verbal similarity, hebona was henbane, a common poisonous plant in England that contains hyoscyamine and scopolamine; but experimental ... «City Journal, Sep 14»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Hyoscyamine [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/hyoscyamine>. May 2022 ».
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