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Meaning of "hypogeal" in the English dictionary

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DICTIONARY
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ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD HYPOGEAL

From Latin hypogēus, from Greek hupogeios, from hypo- + gē earth.
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Etymology is the study of the origin of words and their changes in structure and significance.
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PRONUNCIATION OF HYPOGEAL

hypogeal  [ˌhaɪpəˈdʒiːəl] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF HYPOGEAL

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Hypogeal is an adjective.
The adjective is the word that accompanies the noun to determine or qualify it.

WHAT DOES HYPOGEAL MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Hypogeal

Hypogeal, hypogean, hypogeic and hypogeous are biological terms describing an organism's activity below the soil surface. In botany, a seed is described as showing hypogeal germination when the cotyledons of the germinating seed remain non-photosynthetic, inside the seed shell, and below ground. The converse, where the cotyledons expand, throw off the seed shell and become photosynthetic above the ground, is epigeal germination. In water purification works, the hypogeal layer is a biological film just below the surface of slow sand filters. It contains microorganisms that remove bacteria and trap contaminant particles. The terms hypogean and hypogeic are used for fossorial and troglobitic cave-living organisms. The term hypogeous is more commonly used for fungi with underground fruiting bodies - for example, truffles. The opposite terms are epigean, epigeic and epigeous.

Definition of hypogeal in the English dictionary

The definition of hypogeal in the dictionary is occurring or living below the surface of the ground. Other definition of hypogeal is of or relating to seed germination in which the cotyledons remain below the ground, because of the growth of the epicotyl.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH HYPOGEAL


apogeal
ˌæpəˈdʒiːəl
archaeal
ɑːˈkiːəl
endotracheal
ˌendəʊtrəˈkiːəl
epigeal
ˌɛpɪˈdʒiːəl
esophageal
iːˌsɒfəˈdʒiːəl
glial
ˈɡliːəl
hypogaeal
ˌhaɪpəˈdʒiːəl
irreal
ɪˈriːəl
laryngeal
ˌlærɪnˈdʒiːəl
oesophageal
iːˌsɒfəˈdʒiːəl
oropharyngeal
ˌɔːrəʊfəˈrɪndʒiːəl
perigeal
ˌperɪˈdʒiːəl
perineal
ˌperɪˈniːəl
peritoneal
ˌpɛrɪtəˈniːəl
peroneal
ˌpɛrəˈniːəl
pharyngeal
ˌfærɪnˈdʒiːəl
retroperitoneal
ˌrɛtrəʊˌpɛrɪtəˈniːəl
riel
ˈriːəl
tracheal
trəˈkiːəl
ureal
jʊˈriːəl

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE HYPOGEAL

hypogaeal
hypogaean
hypogaeous
hypogastria
hypogastric
hypogastrium
hypogea
hypogean
hypogene
hypogenic
hypogenous
hypogeous
hypogeum
hypoglossal
hypoglossal nerve
hypoglycaemia
hypoglycaemic
hypoglycemia
hypoglycemic
hypognathism

WORDS THAT END LIKE HYPOGEAL

appeal
coccygeal
congeal
deal
geal
ideal
interphalangeal
meal
meningeal
Montreal
nasopharyngeal
phalangeal
real
reveal
sacrococcygeal
seal
syringeal
teal
the real
uncongeal

Synonyms and antonyms of hypogeal in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «hypogeal» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF HYPOGEAL

Find out the translation of hypogeal to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of hypogeal from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «hypogeal» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

hypogeal
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

hipogeo
570 millions of speakers

English

hypogeal
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

hypogeal
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

hypogeal
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

hypogeal
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

hipógea
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

hypogeal
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

hypogée
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Hipogel
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

irdische
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

地下の
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

hypogeal
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Hypogeal
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

hypogeal
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

நிலத்தின் அடியில் உள்ள
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

हायपोग्लाल
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

hypogeal
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

ipogeo
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

hypogeal
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

hypogeal
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

hypogeal
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

hypogeal
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

hypogeal
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

hypogeal
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

hypogeal
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of hypogeal

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «HYPOGEAL»

The term «hypogeal» is used very little and occupies the 172.469 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Rarely used
19
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «hypogeal» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of hypogeal
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «hypogeal».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «HYPOGEAL» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «hypogeal» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «hypogeal» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about hypogeal

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «HYPOGEAL»

Discover the use of hypogeal in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to hypogeal and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Biology: A Functional Approach. Students' Manual
Investigation 26.6 Hypogeal and epigeal germination These two types of germination are related to the different sources of nourishment available to the germinating seed. In hypogeal germination the epicotyl elongates, in epigeal germination ...
M. B. V. Roberts, T. J. King, 1987
2
Principles of Seed Science and Technology
Epigeal Germination Epigeal germination (Figure 4.1) is characteristic of bean and pine seeds and is considered evolutionarily more primitive than hypogeal germination (described below). During germination, the cotyledons are raised above ...
Lawrence O. Copeland, 1995
3
Life of Marsupials
These several adaptations suggest that hypogeal fungi, eucalypts and rat kangaroos have co-evolved in Australia over a long time. Apart from rat kangaroos other marsupials, such as bandicoots, wombats and possums, as well as rodents, eat ...
C. Hugh Tyndale-Biscoe, 2005
4
Principles of Seed Pathology, Second Edition
Hypogeal germination occurs in seeds of barley. fava bean. maize. pea. and wheat. It favors root and stem infection. This type of germination limits seed transmission of bacteria that infect only aerial parts. such as R. fascians in Tropaeolum ...
V. K. Agarwal, James B. Sinclair, 1996
5
Light and Plant Responses: A Study of Plant Photophysiology ...
In dicotyledons the pattern of development may be epigeal or hypogeal. Generalised diagrams of these two patterns may be seen in Figure 5.1. The significant difference between these two types is the form and function of the hypocotyl.
T. H. Attridge, 1990
6
Young Scientist Series ICSE Biology 8
Types of Germination There are two basic types of germination — epigeal and hypogeal. The terms epi means above and hypo means below the soil igeal). In epigeal germination, the cotyledons are pushed above the ground due to the ...
Bhattacharya Dr. Shakuntala, Shakuntala Bhattacharya, Madhumita Seal
7
Modern Biology
V. B. Rastogi. Fig. 22 : Successive stages of epigeal germination of dicotyledonous and albuminous seed of lab-lab (lima bean). Fig. 23 : Stages of germination of maize (hypogeal germination). reason that seeds are planted in loose soil near ...
V. B. Rastogi, 1997
8
Seeds: Ecology, Biogeography, and, Evolution of Dormancy and ...
In an analysis of 31 tree species, 30 and 80% of varzea and igapo species, respectively, had big storage cotyledons and hypogeal germination (Parolin et al. , 2003). Epicotyls from seeds of high-level igapo trees grow rapidly. Seeds of Aldina ...
Carol C. Baskin, Jerry M. Baskin, 2014
9
Forage Seed Production Tropical and subtropical species
Seedling emergence is commonly classified according to the location of the cotyledons on the emerging seedling: epigeal emergence when cotyledons appear above the soil, and hypogeal when they remain in the soil (Pearson and Ison, ...
Daphne T. Fairey, D. S. Loch, John G. Hampton, 1999
10
The Encyclopedia of Seeds: Science, Technology and Uses
(See: Epigeal; Structure of seeds) Hypogeal Also sometimes hypogeous seedling establishment or hypogeal 'germination'. Seedlings in which the cotyledon (monocot) or cotyledons (dicot) remain below the soil after germination and the first ...
J. Derek Bewley, Michael Black, Peter Halmer, 2006

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «HYPOGEAL»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term hypogeal is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Have You Ever Explored London's Silver Vaults?
At first glance, this hypogeal realm looks more like a prison than a marketplace for precious metals. Sturdy iron doors line a long corridor of ... «Londonist, Jan 15»
2
'Atoaa' is Ashanti plum (Spondias mombin)
Notice that defining hypogeal germination as 'the type of germination in which the cotyledons remain in or below the soil' is only applicable to ... «GhanaWeb, Jun 14»
3
Hidden traces of Jewish presence in mediaeval Malta
The Jews preferred hypogeal as their preferred method of burial and in 1372 they were given land outside Rabat for this purpose. According to ... «Malta Independent Online, Feb 14»
4
Deputy Mayor Cedric Grant, S&WB top staff among applicants for …
... $3.3 billion overhaul of its aging networks of hypogeal pipes and canals. And Grant, who serves as Landrieu's proxy on the S&WB, isn't alone ... «NOLA.com, Nov 13»
5
Hawaii, meet your 15 new Endangered Species
The shrimp are really hard to count, scientists say, because of “the ability of hypogeal shrimp species to inhabit the interstitial and crevicular ... «Big Island Video News, Oct 13»
6
Boil water advisories may be common in New Orleans, but the risk is …
New Orleans's leaky, hypogeal network of water pipes is a patchwork dating from several different eras. In some cases, especially in the French ... «NOLA.com, Mar 13»
7
Revealed: Who Is Inspector Sands?
Draw secret tunnels under Fitzrovia, imagine the mysterious creatures who inhabit London's hypogeal realms, or simply take a photograph of ... «Londonist, Jan 13»
8
Capital live - the Lib Dem conference, Andrew Mitchell's 'Gategate …
It's by Stephen Walter, who has charted the buried rivers, Tube lines, bunkers, sewers, government tunnels and other hypogeal secrets of ... «Evening Standard, Sep 12»
9
Stephen Walter's Map Of Subterranean London
Walter has painstakingly charted the buried rivers, Tube lines, bunkers, sewers, government tunnels and other hypogeal secrets of London. «Londonist, May 12»
10
Acorn to Oak filmed over an 8 month period time-lapse
This is an example of hypogeal germination. Filmed on Nikon D300. 55mm macro nikkor lens and studio flash with growlight for top shot. «YouTube, Apr 11»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Hypogeal [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/hypogeal>. Dec 2019 ».
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