A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.
WHAT DOES NANOPARTICLE MEAN IN ENGLISH?
In nanotechnology, a particle is defined as a small object that behaves as a whole unit with respect to its transport and properties. Particles are further classified according to diameter. Coarse particles cover a range between 2,500 and 10,000 nanometers. Fine particles are sized between 100 and 2,500 nanometers. Ultrafine particles, or nanoparticles, are between 1 and 100 nanometers in size. The reason for this double name of the same object is that, during the 1970-80s, when the first thorough fundamental studies with "nanoparticles" were underway in the USA  and Japan,  they were called "ultrafine particles". However, during the 1990s before the National Nanotechnology Initiative was launched in the USA, the new name, "nanoparticle," had become fashionable. Nanoparticles may or may not exhibit size-related properties that differ significantly from those observed in fine particles or bulk materials. Although the size of most molecules would fit into the above outline, individual molecules are usually not referred to as nanoparticles. Nanoclusters have at least one dimension between 1 and 10 nanometers and a narrow size distribution.
The translations of nanoparticle from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «nanoparticle» in English.
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «nanoparticle».
FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «NANOPARTICLE» OVER TIME
The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «nanoparticle» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «nanoparticle» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.
Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about nanoparticle
10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «NANOPARTICLE»
Discover the use of nanoparticle in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to nanoparticle and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
Nanoparticle Technology Handbook
Over 140 experts in nanotechnology and/or particle technology contributed to this new edition. Nanoparticle technology is a new and revolutionary technology, which is increasingly being used in electronic devices and nanomaterials.
Kiyoshi Nogi, Masuo Hosokawa, Makio Naito, 2012
Gas Phase Nanoparticle Synthesis
Rev. 35 (1930) 1434]andwas investigated in moredetail in the 1960s and 1970s [see, for example,K. Kimoto et al., Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 2 (1963) 702; C.G. Granqvist and R.A. Buhrman, J. Appl. Phys.47 (1976) 2200].
Claes Granqvist, Laszlo Kish, William H. Marlow, 2004
Assessing Nanoparticle Risks to Human Health
The book will take a systematic look at nanoparticle risks within the paradigm of risk assessment, consider the limitations of this paradigm in dealing with the extreme uncertainties regarding many aspects of nanoparticle exposure and ...
Gurumurthy Ramachandran, 2011
Nanoparticle Technology for Drug Delivery
Nanoparticles, products of nanotechnology, are of increasing interest to the pharmaceutical community.
Ram B. Gupta, Uday B. Kompella, 2006
Nanoparticle Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow
Topics include: A broad review of nanofluid applications, including industrial heat transfer, biomedical engineering, electronics, energy conversion, membrane filtration, and automotive An overview of thermofluids and their importance in ...
W. J. Minkowycz, E M Sparrow, J. P. Abraham, 2012
Nanoparticle Assemblies and Superstructures
This remarkably prescient text upholds Kotov’s belief that the research on organization of nanoparticles and other nanostructures, will most certainly uncover a wealth of “interesting discoveries and surprising phenomena.” Nicholas A. ...
Nicholas A. Kotov, 2005
Optical Properties of Nanoparticle Systems: Mie and Beyond
Filling the gap for a description of the optical properties of small particles with sizes less than 1000 nm and to provide a comprehensive overview on the spectral behavior of nanoparticulate matter, this is the most up-to-date reference on ...
Michael Quinten, 2010
Catalysis and Electrocatalysis at Nanoparticle Surfaces
Catalysis and Electrocatalysis at Nanoparticle Surfaces illustrates the latest developments in electrochemical nanotechnology, heterogeneous catalysis, surface science, and theoretical modeling.
Andrzej Wieckowski, Elena R. Savinova, Constantinos G. Vayenas, 2003
Nanoparticle Technologies: From Lab to Market
This book is a good introductory work to nanoparticle technology.
Farid Bensebaa, 2012
Actinide Nanoparticle Research
This is the first book to cover actinide nano research.
Stepan N. Kalmykov, Melissa A. Denecke, 2011
10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «NANOPARTICLE»
Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term nanoparticle is used in the context of the following news items.
DNA–nanoparticle crystals: Flip-flop lattices
DNA-grafted colloidal nanoparticles constitute an ideal material to explore directed nanoparticle self-assembly with desired order. The short ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
Antimicrobial Silver Nanoparticles Can Strengthen Bacterial Defenses
The duo discovered that low-level nanoparticle exposures prompted communities of bacteria from a wastewater treatment plant and pure ... «The Biological SCENE, Jul 15»
WHO Teleconference: Novavax Reports Top-Line Data from Ebola …
Novavax, Inc., a clinical-stage vaccine company focused on the discovery, development and commercialization of recombinant nanoparticle ... «AZoNano.com, Jul 15»
ONXEO Provides Update on Nanoparticle-Based Livatag Phase III …
Acting as a Trojan horse, the nanoparticle formulation avoids rejection of doxorubicin outside the cell so that it can exert its cytotoxic action. «AZoNano.com, Jul 15»
Nanoparticle cats drawn at the flick of a switch
A new way of using light to reversibly assemble nanoparticles has been developed by scientists in Israel. The group used their technique to ... «Royal Society of Chemistry, Jul 15»
Degrading BPA with visible light and a new hybrid nanoparticle …
(Nanowerk News) Over the course of the last half century, BPA has gone from miracle to menace. Its popularity soared after the 1950s, when ... «Nanowerk, Jul 15»
Quantum Dots Allow Measurement of Therapeutic Nanoparticle …
While seemingly a myriad of polymer-based nanoparticles for targeted delivery of drugs have been created, it is still difficult to gauge how many ... «Medgadget.com, Jul 15»
Magnesium Oxide Nanoparticle Market Will Reach $42.3 Million by …
Global magnesium oxide nanoparticle market is expected to reach USD 42.3 million by 2020, according to a new study by Grand View ... «Medgadget.com, Jul 15»
Magnetic Column Paired with Magnetic Nanoparticle Device May …
In recent years, researchers have hotly pursued immunotherapy, a promising form of treatment that relies on harnessing and training the body's ... «AZoNano.com, Jul 15»
A "Green" Method for Battling Bacteria
The method allows researchers the flexibility to change the nanoparticle recipe in order to target specific microbes. Alexander Richter, the ... «Lab Manager Magazine, Jul 15»
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