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Meaning of "opsonisation" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

PRONUNCIATION OF OPSONISATION

opsonisation  [ˌɒpsənaɪˈzeɪʃən] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF OPSONISATION

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Opsonisation is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES OPSONISATION MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Opsonin

An opsonin, is any molecule that enhances phagocytosis by marking an antigen for an immune response. However, the term is usually used in reference to molecules that act as a binding enhancer for the process of phagocytosis, especially antibodies, which coat the negatively charged molecules on the membrane. Molecules that activate the complement system are also considered opsonins. Phagocytic cells do not have an Fc receptor for IgM, making IgM ineffective in assisting phagocytosis. However, IgM is extremely efficient at activating complement and is, therefore, considered an opsonin. Opsonins can also refer to molecules that target a cell for destruction through the action of natural killer cells.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH OPSONISATION


authorization
ˌɔːθəraɪˈzeɪʃən
characterization
ˌkærɪktəraɪˈzeɪʃən
civilization
ˌsɪvɪlaɪˈzeɪʃən
customization
ˌkʌstəmaɪˈzeɪʃən
globalization
ˌɡləʊbəlaɪˈzeɪʃən
hospitalisation
ˌhɒspɪtəlaɪˈzeɪʃən
hospitalization
ˌhɒspɪtəlaɪˈzeɪʃən
hybridization
ˌhaɪbrɪdaɪˈzeɪʃən
localization
ˌləʊkəlaɪˈzeɪʃən
novelization
ˌnɒvəlaɪˈzeɪʃən
optimisation
ˌɒptɪmaɪˈzeɪʃən
optimization
ˌɒptɪmaɪˈzeɪʃən
organisation
ˌɔːɡənaɪˈzeɪʃən
organization
ˌɔːɡənaɪˈzeɪʃən
realization
ˌrɪəlaɪˈzeɪʃən
specialization
ˌspeʃəlaɪˈzeɪʃən
stabilization
ˌsteɪbɪlaɪˈzeɪʃən
synchronization
ˌsɪŋkrənaɪˈzeɪʃən
utilization
ˌjuːtɪlaɪˈzeɪʃən
visualization
ˌvɪʒʊəlaɪˈzeɪʃən

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE OPSONISATION

ops.
opsimath
opsimathy
opsin
opsiometer
opsomania
opsomaniac
opsonic
opsonic index
opsonification
opsonify
opsonin
opsonise
opsonium
opsonization
opsonize
opt
opt in
opt out
opt-out

WORDS THAT END LIKE OPSONISATION

accreditation
action
administration
animation
application
association
certification
citation
combination
communication
confirmation
conversation
corporation
creation
decoration
destination
documentation
duration
education
evaluation
excitation

Synonyms and antonyms of opsonisation in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «opsonisation» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF OPSONISATION

Find out the translation of opsonisation to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of opsonisation from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «opsonisation» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

调理作用
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

opsonización
570 millions of speakers

English

opsonisation
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

opsonisation
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

opsonisation
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

опсонизации
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

opsonisation
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

opsonisation
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

opsonisation
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Opsonisation
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Opsonisierung
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

オプソニン
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

opsonisation
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Opoisasi
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

opsonisation
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

opsonisation
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

Opsonisation
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

opsonizasyon
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

opsonisation
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

opsonisation
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

опсонізації
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

opsonisation
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

οψωνινοποίηση
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

opsonasie ingewikkeld
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

opsonisering
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

opsonisation
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of opsonisation

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «OPSONISATION»

The term «opsonisation» is used very little and occupies the 178.350 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Rarely used
17
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «opsonisation» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of opsonisation
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «opsonisation».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «OPSONISATION» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «opsonisation» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «opsonisation» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about opsonisation

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «OPSONISATION»

Discover the use of opsonisation in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to opsonisation and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Interfacial Phenomena in Drug Delivery and Targeting
This simple model shows that the opsonisation process makes the particle surface more hydrophobic, and it is reasonable to assume that this is a major part of the reason for phagocytosis. The fact that complement has been implicated as an ...
G. Buckton, 2000
2
Nanoscience: Nanobiotechnology and Nanobiology
Lysosome Receptor Particle Opsonin Macrophage Endocytosis Opsonisation Recognition case, the blood clearance process is often triggered by a preliminary step called opsonisation, in which circulating proteins (various subclasses of ...
Patrick Boisseau, Marcel Lahmani, 2009
3
Intracellular Delivery: Fundamentals and Applications
Opsonisation. Since the RES is designed to protect the body against invading pathogens and other foreign materials, any properties of an administered nanomedicine that indicates that the particle or macromolecule is foreign will make it ...
Aleš Prokop, 2011
4
Immunology: A Core Text with Self-assessment
Classical pathway The lytic pathway Alternative pathway Opsonisation Binding Phagocytosis Antigen–antibody complexes C5 convertase C6 C7 C8 C8 C5b C6 C7 C7 C8 C9 C6 C6 C3 C5 Endotoxin; bacterial cell walls C3 C7 C5b67 C5b678  ...
J. David M. Edgar, 2006
5
Understanding Immunology 2nd edition:
opsonisation. of. microbes. Although antibody and complement can act independently of each other, the ability of antibody to activate the complement cascade provides the antibody response with a range of additional effector functions with ...
Peter Wood, 2006
6
Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales
The amended phagocytic index is identical with that of the unheated dilute serum , and that is what we should expect to find. Opsonisation with diluted sebum. Heated at 60° + suspension + corpuscles Not heated + suspension + corpuscles .
‎1906
7
One-Day, One-Problem: An Approach to Problem-based Learning
One of the functions of complement is to aid in opsonisation of foreign invaders, together with antibodies. (a) What does the term 'opsonisation' mean? (b) Other than opsonisation and complement, there is also another approach that ...
Glen O'Grady, Elaine Yew, Karen P.L. Goh, 2012
8
Concise Clinical Immunology for Healthcare Professionals
Complement activation Neutralisation + Complement (C3b) FcR Ingestion CR1 Lysis C3a C5a Opsonisation Cell Toxin Receptor Fc Receptor Antibody prevents toxin binding to receptor Prevents adherence Ingestion Deposition of C3 on the ...
Mary Keogan, Eleanor M. Wallace, Paula O'Leary, 2006
9
Smart Materials for Drug Delivery
As mentioned, another mayor biological obstacle to avoid is opsonisation. Opsonisation is the binding of blood proteins called opsonins to a foreign entity, in this case the nanoparticle, in order to alert the immune system to its presence.
Carmen Alvarez-Lorenzo, Angel Concheiro, 2013
10
Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms of Antibody Activity
... bypassing Clq binding (Weinberg et al. 1986; Bjornson and Lobel 1987; Kuijpers et al. 1992). Complement activation via the alternative route appears to be especially important in the opsonisation and killing of a variety of bacterial strains.
Falk Nimmerjahn, 2013

4 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «OPSONISATION»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term opsonisation is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Results: CD14 hi CD16+ monocytes phagocytosed antibody …
While ingestion was mediated by Fcγreceptor IIIa, this receptor was not sufficient to allow phagocytosis; despite opsonisation with antibody, ... «7thSpace Interactive, Jul 15»
2
Tacrolimus Won't Derail Pneumococcus Vaccine
Opsonisation indices (OIs) specific to serotype 6B and 23F showed significantly higher antibody response rates in the TAC group compared ... «MedPage Today, Jun 15»
3
Debottlenecking Antibody Purification Protein A Chromatography …
They combine high target affinity and specificity with various different effector functions, such as complement activation and opsonisation [1]. «Labmate Online, Mar 14»
4
Disease Associations of Mannose-Binding Lectin & Potential of …
Association of low levels of mannan-binding protein with a common defect of opsonisation. Lancet 1989; 2 : 1236-9. 36. Babula O, Lazdane G, ... «RedOrbit, Sep 08»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Opsonisation [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/opsonisation>. Jun 2022 ».
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