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Meaning of "opsonization" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

PRONUNCIATION OF OPSONIZATION

opsonization  [ˌɒpsənaɪˈzeɪʃən] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF OPSONIZATION

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Opsonization is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES OPSONIZATION MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Opsonin

An opsonin, is any molecule that enhances phagocytosis by marking an antigen for an immune response. However, the term is usually used in reference to molecules that act as a binding enhancer for the process of phagocytosis, especially antibodies, which coat the negatively charged molecules on the membrane. Molecules that activate the complement system are also considered opsonins. Phagocytic cells do not have an Fc receptor for IgM, making IgM ineffective in assisting phagocytosis. However, IgM is extremely efficient at activating complement and is, therefore, considered an opsonin. Opsonins can also refer to molecules that target a cell for destruction through the action of natural killer cells.

Definition of opsonization in the English dictionary

The definition of opsonization in the dictionary is the act or process of subjecting to the action of opsonins.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH OPSONIZATION


authorization
ˌɔːθəraɪˈzeɪʃən
characterization
ˌkærɪktəraɪˈzeɪʃən
civilization
ˌsɪvɪlaɪˈzeɪʃən
customization
ˌkʌstəmaɪˈzeɪʃən
globalization
ˌɡləʊbəlaɪˈzeɪʃən
hospitalisation
ˌhɒspɪtəlaɪˈzeɪʃən
hospitalization
ˌhɒspɪtəlaɪˈzeɪʃən
hybridization
ˌhaɪbrɪdaɪˈzeɪʃən
localization
ˌləʊkəlaɪˈzeɪʃən
novelization
ˌnɒvəlaɪˈzeɪʃən
optimisation
ˌɒptɪmaɪˈzeɪʃən
optimization
ˌɒptɪmaɪˈzeɪʃən
organisation
ˌɔːɡənaɪˈzeɪʃən
organization
ˌɔːɡənaɪˈzeɪʃən
realization
ˌrɪəlaɪˈzeɪʃən
specialization
ˌspeʃəlaɪˈzeɪʃən
stabilization
ˌsteɪbɪlaɪˈzeɪʃən
synchronization
ˌsɪŋkrənaɪˈzeɪʃən
utilization
ˌjuːtɪlaɪˈzeɪʃən
visualization
ˌvɪʒʊəlaɪˈzeɪʃən

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE OPSONIZATION

ops.
opsimath
opsimathy
opsin
opsiometer
opsomania
opsomaniac
opsonic
opsonic index
opsonification
opsonify
opsonin
opsonisation
opsonise
opsonium
opsonize
opt
opt in
opt out
opt-out

WORDS THAT END LIKE OPSONIZATION

accreditation
action
administration
animation
application
association
certification
citation
combination
communication
confirmation
conversation
corporation
creation
decoration
destination
documentation
duration
education
evaluation
excitation

Synonyms and antonyms of opsonization in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «opsonization» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF OPSONIZATION

Find out the translation of opsonization to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of opsonization from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «opsonization» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

调理作用
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

opsonización
570 millions of speakers

English

opsonization
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

opsonization
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

طهاية
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

опсонизация
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

opsonização
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

opsonization
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

opsonisation
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Opsonisasi
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Opsonisierung
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

オプソニン化
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

옵 소닌
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Opsonisasi
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

opsonization
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

opsonization
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

Opsonization
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

opsonizasyonu
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

opsonizzazione
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

opsonizacja
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

опсонізація
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

opsonizarea
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

οψονοποίηση
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

opsonization
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

opsonisering
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

opsonization
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of opsonization

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «OPSONIZATION»

The term «opsonization» is normally little used and occupies the 116.679 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Little used
46
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «opsonization» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of opsonization
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «opsonization».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «OPSONIZATION» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «opsonization» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «opsonization» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about opsonization

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «OPSONIZATION»

Discover the use of opsonization in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to opsonization and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Pediatric Allergy, Asthma and Immunology
Opsonization. Bacteria expressing capsular polysac- charides pose a unique problem to phagocytosis inhibited by the charge and hydrophilia typical of such bacteria, especially the polysaccharide capsule of pneumo- cocci, a virulence factor ...
Arnaldo Cantani, 2008
2
Textbook of Microbiology
16.13: Opsonization iii. Agar gel precipitation test: Agar gel precipitation test is employed to detect production of toxin by Corynebacterium diphtheriae. E. Opsonization Opsonization is the process in which microorganisms or other particles are ...
Surinder Kumar, 2012
3
Cells, Tissues, and Disease : Principles of General ...
The clues to recognition must be subtle cellsurface differences, such as charge, hydrophilic properties, and molecular structure; some have been worked out regarding apoptotic cells (p. 213). Opsonization. If the surface of the target is ...
Department of Pathology University of Massachusetts Medical School (Emeritus) Guido Majno Professor, Department of Pathology University of Massachusetts Medical School (Emerita) Isabelle Joris Associate Professor, 2004
4
Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine
Human leucocytes and staphylococcus aureus were used and the time of incubation was thirty minutes, at 37°C. An alkalinity of the fluid exceeding 1/20 normal KOH prevented the occurrence of opsonization. An acidity of 1/30 normal HQ was ...
Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine (New York, N.Y.), 1907
5
Targeting of Drugs 6: Strategies for Stealth Therapeutic Systems
Therefore, to test the validity of the steric barrier hypothesis in suppressing or inhibiting particle opsonization in serum or plasma, colloidal gold particles of 1 7 nm in diameter were prepared as the phagocytic substrate for freshly isolated rat  ...
Gregory Gregoriadis, 1998
6
Anaerobic Infections in Humans
Contribution of Antibodies and Complement to Opsonization of Anaerobes Antibodies and complement in serum participate in opsonization of non-spore- forming anaerobes in vitro. Involvement of antibodies and complement in opsonization ...
Sydney Finegold, 2012
7
Social Security Disability Medical Tests
This membrane alteration facilitates either opsonization or lysis. Opsonization Some complement components act as opsonins, which means they attach to and alter the outer membrane of microbes and thereby mark them for immune system  ...
David A. Morton, James Publishing, 2002
8
Heat Shock Proteins: Potent Mediators of Inflammation and ...
One host response against bacterial challenge that is dependent in part on B cell function via immunoglobulin is opsonization-phagocytosis (Tuazon et al., 1981; Stenfors and Raisanen 1993). Opsonization is the binding of proteins such as ...
Alexzander A. A. Asea, Antonio De Maio, 2007
9
Erythroid Cells: Erythroid Cells
General Principles in Antibody- and Complement-Mediated Opsonization Binding of antibodies to red cells does not itself damage the cell. Bound antibodies can, however, mediate adherence of the target red cell to phagocytes, which upon ...
J. Robin Harris, 1990
10
Immunology
A positive reaction is an aggregate formation that is known as A. agglutination. complement activation. neutralization. opsonization. precipitin reaction. 11.2. B. C. D. E. The process that is synergistically enhanced by the binding of both ...
Thao Doan, Roger Melvold, Susan Viselli, 2012

9 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «OPSONIZATION»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term opsonization is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Particle Size Measurement of Nanoparticles for Drug Delivery …
The hydrophilic PEG part of the polymer is anticipated to coat the particles' surface and enable them to escape opsonization and ultimately ... «AZoNano.com, Nov 14»
2
Clinical Trial to Evaluate Two Biothera Cancer Drugs for Advanced …
BTH1704 is a monoclonal antibody that binds to Mucin-1 on the surface of pancreas cancer cells, resulting in opsonization of the tumor cells, ... «Business Wire, Oct 14»
3
How I Manage: Survivorship Issues After Allogeneic Hematopoietic …
Patients with chronic GVHD have impaired opsonization and should be treated with antibiotic prophylaxis against encapsulated organisms, in addition to ... «Clinical Oncology News, Sep 14»
4
Editorial: Mannose-binding lectin in fighting influenza: promise or …
... and SP-D. Many in vitro studies have described the antiviral functions of MBL, including viral aggregation, inhibition of viral HA, and opsonization of virus. «Journal of Leukocyte Biology, May 14»
5
Bacterial Fibers Critical to Human and Avian Infection
Further, the results showed that adorning APEC with anti-ECP antibodies— a process known as opsonization—could significantly inhibit ... «Bioscience Technology, Feb 14»
6
Bacterial fibers critical to human, avian infection
Further, the results showed that adorning APEC with anti-ECP antibodies – a process known as opsonization – could significantly inhibit ... «Medical Xpress, Feb 14»
7
Oxygen Biotherapeutics' Update on U.S. Army-Funded Preclinical …
... thorough preclinical immunocompetency plan to determine if Oxycyte adversely affects bacterial opsonization and immune competence to an ... «Business Wire, Oct 12»
8
Alzheimer's Disease
... C1q and C5b-9, indicating that opsonization and autolytic attack are under way.126 Stimulated astroglia also release acute-phase reactants, ... «New England Journal of Medicine, Jan 10»
9
Disease Associations of Mannose-Binding Lectin & Potential of …
High MBL levels, on the contrary might be helpful to intracellular organisms, which take the advantage of C3 opsonization and C3 receptor on ... «RedOrbit, Sep 08»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Opsonization [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/opsonization>. Aug 2022 ».
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