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Meaning of "periplasm" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

PRONUNCIATION OF PERIPLASM

periplasm  [ˈperɪˌplæzəm] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF PERIPLASM

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Periplasm is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES PERIPLASM MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Periplasmic space

The periplasm is a space bordered by two selective permeable barriers, i.e., biological membranes, which are the inner membrane and the outer membrane in Gram-negative bacteria. Strictly speaking, there is no periplasmic space in Gram-positive bacteria because there is only one biological membrane, the cytoplasmic membrane. A region termed "inner wall zone" has been observed between the cytoplasmic membrane and the mature cell wall. The periplasm may constitute up to 40% of the total cell volume in Gram-negative species, whereas the IWZ is drastically smaller in Gram-positive species. Composition of the IWZ has not been as yet clearly determined. Although the bacteria are conventionally divided into two main groups — Gram-positive and -negative, based upon their Gram-stain retention property — this classification system is ambiguous as it can refer to three distinct aspects, which do not necessarily coalesce for some bacterial species. However, although Gram-staining response of bacteria is an empirical criterion, its basis lies in the marked differences in the ultrastructure and chemical composition of the two main kinds of prokaryotic cells that are found in nature.

Definition of periplasm in the English dictionary

The definition of periplasm in the dictionary is the region between the outer wall and the inner cytoplasmic membrane of a biological cell.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH PERIPLASM


alloplasm
ˈæləˌplæzəm
archiplasm
ˈɑːkɪˌplæzəm
archoplasm
ˈɑːkəˌplæzəm
axoplasm
ˈæksəʊˌplæzəm
bioplasm
ˈbaɪəʊˌplæzəm
cataplasm
ˈkætəˌplæzəm
cytoplasm
ˈsaɪtəʊˌplæzəm
deuteroplasm
ˈdjuːtərəʊˌplæzəm
ectoplasm
ˈɛktəʊˌplæzəm
endoplasm
ˈɛndəʊˌplæzəm
hyaloplasm
ˈhaɪələʊˌplæzəm
idioplasm
ˈɪdɪəʊˌplæzəm
neoplasm
ˈniːəʊˌplæzəm
neuroplasm
ˈnjʊərəˌplæzəm
nucleoplasm
ˈnjuːklɪəˌplæzəm
piroplasm
ˈpɪrəˌplæzəm
protoplasm
ˈprəʊtəˌplæzəm
sarcoplasm
ˈsɑːkəʊˌplæzəm
somatoplasm
ˈsəʊmətəˌplæzəm
trophoplasm
ˈtrɒfəˌplæzəm

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE PERIPLASM

peripherally
peripheric
peripherical
peripheries
periphery
periphonic
periphrase
periphrases
periphrasis
periphrastic
periphrastical
periphrastically
periphytic
periphyton
periplast
periplus
periproct
peripter
peripteral
periptery

WORDS THAT END LIKE PERIPLASM

blepharospasm
bronchospasm
cataclasm
chasm
chiasm
deutoplasm
enthusiasm
ergastoplasm
fantasm
germ plasm
iconoclasm
karyoplasm
metaplasm
orgasm
phantasm
plasm
sarcasm
spasm
vasospasm
wasm

Synonyms and antonyms of periplasm in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «periplasm» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF PERIPLASM

Find out the translation of periplasm to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of periplasm from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «periplasm» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

周质
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

periplasma
570 millions of speakers

English

periplasm
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

periplasm
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

الجبلة المحيطية
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

периплазмы
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

periplasma
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

periplasm
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

périplasme
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Periplasm
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Periplasma
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

ペリプラズム
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

주변 세포질
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Periplasm
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

periplasm
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

periplasm
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

पेरिप्लसम
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

periplazma
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

periplasma
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

peryplazmatycznym
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

періплазми
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

periplasmei
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

περίπλασμα
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

periplasm
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

periplasman
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

periplasma
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of periplasm

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «PERIPLASM»

The term «periplasm» is regularly used and occupies the 104.099 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Regularly used
52
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «periplasm» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of periplasm
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «periplasm».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «PERIPLASM» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «periplasm» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «periplasm» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about periplasm

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «PERIPLASM»

Discover the use of periplasm in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to periplasm and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
The Periplasm
Written by an international group of eminent scientists, this new treatise is the very first in the field to provide a thorough, state-of-the-art review of the periplasm, the extracytoplasmic compartment found in gram-negative bacteria.
Dr. Michael Ehrmann, 2007
2
Structural and Functional Relationships in Prokaryotes
In 1961, Peter Mitchell suggested it would be more appropriate to designate this region of the cell as the periplasm to complement the term cytoplasm which has been used to describe cell contents. The size of the periplasm is not trivial but for  ...
Larry Barton, 2005
3
The Bacterial Cell Wall
It contains a concentrated gel-like matrix, the periplasm. Embedded in it is a rigid layer (peptidoglycan). Its width has been electron microscopically determined as 13-25 nm, a variation range that may be explained by differences in cultivation ...
Guntram Seltmann, Otto Holst, 2002
4
Oxidative Folding of Peptides and Proteins
Then, it may be favorable to direct the recombinant protein to the periplasm or the extracellular cultivation media. Particularly if the function of the recombinant protein relies on correct di- sulfide-bond formation, the periplasm or the cultivation ...
Luis Moroder, Johannes Buchner (Prof.), 2009
5
Desk Encyclopedia of Microbiology
Periplasm The space between the outer and inner membranes contains the periplasm. This is not just an empty 'space', and it contains many distinct components that carry out important functions. Obviously, this space contains peptidoglycan, ...
Moselio Schaechter, 2010
6
Prokaryotic Structure and Function: A New Perspective : ...
membrane, the boundary of the periplasm is even more ill defined. The murein layer will not be a sharp boundary, and, indeed, as will be seen later there is reason to believe that the murein layer may extend into the whole periplasm, there ...
Society for General Microbiology. Symposium, S. Mohan, Crawford S. Dow, 1992
7
Bacterial Cell Wall
Introduction: definition of the periplasm and its activities This chapter addresses current views on the structural and functional organization of the periplasm. Selected topics are meant to serve as examples for models of pathways in the ...
J.-M. Ghuysen, R. Hakenbeck, 1994
8
Foldases: Enzymes Catalyzing Protein Folding
Disulfide Bond Formation and Isomerization in Prokaryotes The periplasm of bacteria is similar in many ways to the endoplasmic reticulum of eukaryotes. In both systems, proteins are synthesized in the cytosol and are translocated in an ...
Natalya K. Nagradova, 2008
9
Microbiology
The presence of this second membrane protects the cell wall and delineates a specialized compartment, the periplasm or periplasmic space between the cytoplasmic (inner) and outer membrane. The cell wall lies within the periplasm. The cell ...
Edward Bittar, 1998
10
Yeast Physiology and Biotechnology
1.2 The Periplasm Continuing in the inside-to-outside direction, the next 'structure ' encountered as a component feature of the yeast cell envelope is the peri- plasm. This is a thin (3 5-45 A), cell wall-associated region external to the plasma  ...
Graeme M. Walker, 1998

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «PERIPLASM»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term periplasm is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Helicobacter pylori HP0377, a member of the Dsb family, is an …
However, only two of these proteins have a thioredoxin-like fold (i.e ., HP0377 and HP0231) and are periplasm-located. We have previously ... «7thSpace Interactive, Jul 15»
2
Cobra teams to fine tune E.coli for biomanufacturing
Smith explained that the disulphide bonds that give many therapeutic molecules their shape only form in proteins secreted into the periplasm ... «BioPharma-Reporter.com, Feb 15»
3
New method tracks metal-ion movement in periplasmic proteins
The mechanism of shuttling toxic metal ions out of the periplasm by the Cus system has been difficult to determine by biochemical and ... «Phys.Org, Nov 14»
4
Bacterial nanowires aren't 'hair' after all
And by staining the bacterial membrane, periplasm, cytoplasm, and specific proteins, researchers were able to take video of the nanowires ... «Futurity: Research News, Aug 14»
5
Bacterial nanowires: Not what we thought they were
And by staining the bacterial membrane, periplasm, cytoplasm, and specific proteins, researchers were able to take video of the nanowires ... «Phys.Org, Aug 14»
6
'Oomph' and Origin of Life at Hydrothermal Vents
That is, microbial cells evidently have to pump protons out of the cell to get into the periplasm because those were the conditions at the very ... «Huffington Post, Aug 14»
7
Study reveals new insights into sulfate-reducing bacteria
They tested the notion that sulfate reduction relies on pathways of electron flow from the periplasm—the outer portion of the cell—to the ... «Phys.Org, Mar 14»
8
Unlocking the Mechanism Bacteria Use To 'Hack' Other Bacteria
The two are linked by stalks traversing the gap between the two membranes (the periplasm), with the result being something like pores. «Motherboard, Mar 14»
9
Spread of antibiotic resistance understood by unravelling bacterial …
... which are connected by a stalk-like structure that crosses the periplasm – the space between the two membranes. The complexes at both the ... «Phys.Org, Mar 14»
10
Advances in Protein Expression
Fab' fragment expression within the periplasm of E. coli is desirable on several levels. Primarily, the periplasm's oxidizing environment benefits ... «Genetic Engineering News, Jan 14»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Periplasm [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/periplasm>. Jul 2019 ».
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