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There is a strange reluctance on the part of most people to admit they enjoy life.
William Lyon Phelps

Meaning of "reluctance" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

PRONUNCIATION OF RELUCTANCE

reluctance  [rɪˈlʌktəns] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF RELUCTANCE

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Reluctance is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES RELUCTANCE MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Magnetic reluctance

Magnetic reluctance, or magnetic resistance, is a concept used in the analysis of magnetic circuits. It is analogous to resistance in an electrical circuit, but rather than dissipating electric energy it stores magnetic energy. In likeness to the way an electric field causes an electric current to follow the path of least resistance, a magnetic field causes magnetic flux to follow the path of least magnetic reluctance. It is a scalar, extensive quantity, akin to electrical resistance. The units for magnetic reluctance is inverse henry, H−1.

Definition of reluctance in the English dictionary

The definition of reluctance in the dictionary is lack of eagerness or willingness; disinclination. Other definition of reluctance is a measure of the resistance of a closed magnetic circuit to a magnetic flux, equal to the ratio of the magnetomotive force to the magnetic flux.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH RELUCTANCE


acceptance
əkˈsɛptəns
assistance
əˈsɪstəns
attractance
əˈtræktəns
circumstance
ˈsɜːkəmstəns
competence
ˈkɒmpɪtəns
conductance
kənˈdʌktəns
Constance
ˈkɒnstəns
distance
ˈdɪstəns
existence
ɪɡˈzɪstəns
expectance
ɪkˈspektəns
importance
ɪmˈpɔːtəns
inductance
ɪnˈdʌktəns
inheritance
ɪnˈhɛrɪtəns
instance
ˈɪnstəns
persistence
pəˈsɪstəns
reactance
rɪˈæktəns
reflectance
rɪˈflɛktəns
resistance
rɪˈzɪstəns
sentence
ˈsɛntəns
substance
ˈsʌbstəns

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE RELUCTANCE

relocation allowance
relocation costs
relocation expenses
relocator
relock
relook
relubricate
relubrication
relucent
reluct
reluctancy
reluctant
reluctantly
reluctate
reluctation
reluctivities
reluctivity
relume
relumine
rely

WORDS THAT END LIKE RELUCTANCE

acquaintance
admittance
advance
amount of substance
antimicrobial resistance
banned substance
court of first instance
focal distance
for instance
in substance
line of least resistance
long-distance
public assistance
remittance
repentance
social assistance
stance
the distance
the Resistance
transmittance
walking distance

Synonyms and antonyms of reluctance in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

SYNONYMS OF «RELUCTANCE»

The following words have a similar or identical meaning as «reluctance» and belong to the same grammatical category.
synonyms of reluctance

Translation of «reluctance» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF RELUCTANCE

Find out the translation of reluctance to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of reluctance from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «reluctance» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

磁阻
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

renuencia
570 millions of speakers

English

reluctance
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

अनिच्छा
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

عزوف
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

нежелание
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

relutância
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

অনিচ্ছা
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

réticence
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Keengganan
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Abneigung
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

リラクタンス
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

주저
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Keengganan
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

miễn cưỡng
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

தயக்கம்
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

अनिच्छा
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

isteksizlik
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

riluttanza
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

niechęć
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

небажання
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

reticența
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

απροθυμία
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

onwilligheid
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

reluktans
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

motvilje
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of reluctance

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «RELUCTANCE»

The term «reluctance» is quite widely used and occupies the 32.806 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Quite widely used
85
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «reluctance» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of reluctance
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «reluctance».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «RELUCTANCE» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «reluctance» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «reluctance» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about reluctance

EXAMPLES

10 QUOTES WITH «RELUCTANCE»

Famous quotes and sentences with the word reluctance.
1
Joseph Addison
There is nothing which we receive with so much reluctance as advice.
2
Rodney Alexander
I knew that there were several, among African-American leaders, who had been put out by me because of my failure or reluctance to endorse Sen. Kerry.
3
Todd Barry
I'm particularly proud of my reluctance to share my dreams with anyone.
4
Julie Burchill
Lots of women love to accuse men of being immature when the fellow in question displays a reluctance to 'commit.'
5
Janis Karpinski
We need to fix this. It hasn't been done yet because there's still a reluctance to admit that there was even a problem - anywhere above seven rogue soldiers who got out of control on the night shift.
6
Henry Laurens
My bravery however was the effect of assurance for could I have believed the current report, I should have fled as fast as any man, no man can possibly have a greater reluctance to an intimacy with Sir William Howe than my Self.
7
Ogden Nash
The bed is a bundle of paradoxes: we go to it with reluctance, yet we quit it with regret; we make up our minds every night to leave it early, but we make up our bodies every morning to keep it late.
8
David Ogilvy
I notice increasing reluctance on the part of marketing executives to use judgment; they are coming to rely too much on research, and they use it as a drunkard uses a lamp post for support, rather than for illumination.
9
William Lyon Phelps
There is a strange reluctance on the part of most people to admit they enjoy life.
10
Dick Powell
Without individuals feeling safe and having an environment of safety, they then have reluctance of taking part in the city of being active. They wind up wanting to leave the city. That's more detrimental.

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «RELUCTANCE»

Discover the use of reluctance in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to reluctance and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Switched Reluctance Motor Drives: Modeling, Simulation, ...
The book includes an in-depth study of acoustic noise and its minimization along with application examples that include comparisons between ac and dc drives and SRM drive.
R. Krishnan, 2001
2
Permanent magnet, reluctance, and self-synchronous motors
The book describes permanent magnets and their applications to electric machines as well as their performance characteristics and limitations.
S. A. Nasar, I. Boldea, L. E. Unnewehr, 1993
3
Reluctance Synchronous Machines and Drives
This book explores fully the possible topologies, their characteristics, and applications.
I. Boldea, 1996
4
Brushless permanent-magnet and reluctance motor drives
Although the approach is essentially academic (theory and calculation predominates), the text is augmented with examples and practical applications of interest to practicing electronics engineers.
Timothy John Eastham Miller, 1989
5
Electronic Control of Switched Reluctance Machines
Thus mastery of the control is the key challenge in the application of these machines. This book is intended for engineer's in industry and in the large research community in electrical machines and drives.
TJE Miller, 2001
6
Optimizing the Performance of Switched Reluctance Machines ...
Self characterization scheme for SRMs are less time consuming than the experimental and FEA characterization.
Nitin B. Bhiwapurkar, 2006
7
Feedback-based Mitigation of Torque Harmonics in Switched ...
Hardware and simulation results validate the effectiveness of both controllers. In addition, they are used to demonstrate tradeoffs in computational complexity, convergence rate, and resilience to machine parameter variation.
Andreas Christopher Koenig, 2007
8
Reluctance: Journal of a Reluctant Writer
An autobiographical journal centred around the subject of reluctance, and treating it from a number of standpoints, most philosophical.
John O'Loughlin
9
Sensorless Control of Switched Reluctance Drives Using High ...
This thesis presents load invariant position estimation methods for Switched Reluctance Drives (SRDs) based on using high frequency signal injection.
Ekrem Kayikci, 2008
10
A Textbook of Electrical Engineering
Reluctance. Just as the current in an electric circuit is limited by resistance, the flux in the magnetic circuit is limited by the reluctance (symbol S) of the magnetic circuit. Thus reluctance is a measure of opposition offered by a magnetic circuit to  ...
R. K. Rajput, 2004

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «RELUCTANCE»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term reluctance is used in the context of the following news items.
1
In Data Breach, Reluctance To Point The Finger At China
Lawmakers have shown a similar reluctance to name names. California U.S. Rep. Adam Schiff is the House Intelligence Committee's top Democrat and has ... «NPR, Jul 15»
2
The Pentagon's War Reluctance
Despite Republican pressure and State Department hawkishness, the Pentagon and the White House remain reluctant to dive deeper into the fight against the ... «Consortium News, Jun 15»
3
Jaitely's reluctance to fund banks is dangerous; weak lenders will …
Finance minister Arun Jaitely, most likely, is on a collision path with the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). Time and again, the central bank has been reminding, ... «Firstpost, Jun 15»
4
FM to banks: Explain rate cut reluctance
Banks have been found reluctant to revise base rates whenever the rate cycle has turned. Even on Tuesday, RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan cautioned banks ... «Business Standard, Jun 15»
5
Ontario not required to fix native 'reluctance' towards jury duty …
In upholding the manslaughter conviction against a native man Thursday, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled that the government of Ontario wasn't required to ... «Toronto Star, May 15»
6
Patients dying amid reluctance to embrace technology, warns lead …
Failure to make better use of technology in the delivery of care across Scotland is costing lives, a leading clinician has claimed. Professor James Ferguson, lead ... «Holyrood.com, May 15»
7
6 Ways to Overcome Your Reluctance to Sell
Entrepreneurs have to close deals to have a successful business, yet sales often intimidate even the most seasoned among us. Why are so many people afraid ... «Entrepreneur, May 15»
8
Twitter Troubles Lie in Marketers' Reluctance to Buy New Kind of Ad
Twitter attributed the disappointment to advertisers' reluctance to spend heavily on ads that prompt the viewer to take an action, like download a smartphone app ... «New York Times, Apr 15»
9
Indiana's Other Shame: A Reluctance to Authorize Needle …
Indiana's Other Shame: A Reluctance to Authorize Needle Exchange Programs. As long as we're piling on Governor Mike Pence, let us not overlook a recent ... «CityLab, Apr 15»
10
Reluctance to right referee errors is an MMA problem, but it doesn't …
Reluctance to right referee errors is an MMA problem, but it doesn't have to be ... penalize competitors, then why are we so reluctant to do anything about it? «MMAjunkie.com, Mar 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Reluctance [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/reluctance>. Aug 2021 ».
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