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Meaning of "根瘤菌" in the Chinese dictionary

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PRONUNCIATION OF 根瘤菌 IN CHINESE

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WHAT DOES 根瘤菌 MEAN IN CHINESE?

Click to see the original definition of «根瘤菌» in the Chinese dictionary.
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根瘤菌

Rhizobium

根瘤菌

Rhizobium mainly refers to the root of the beans and the formation of root nodules and nitrogen-fixing bacteria, generally refers to the rhizobia and slow rhizobia; both belong to the rhizobium species. Rhizobium invades the host root, stimulates the root cortex and some of the cells in the middle of the column sheath, causing these cells to grow strongly and grow, so that the root of the local swelling of the formation of nodules; rhizobia in the root of the settlement, the plant supply rhizobia to mineral nutrients and Energy, rhizobium fixed nitrogen in the atmosphere, for the plant to provide nitrogen nutrients, both in the antagonistic parasitic relationship in a balanced state and the performance of symbiosis. Rhizobium cells were rod-shaped, flagella and capsules, flagella as a normal organ, no spores, Gram stain negative, is aerobic. In the nodules living in a variety of forms of bacteria, pear-shaped, stick-type or T, X, Y and other types, the deformation of the bacteria into the bacteria-like bacteria in the legume plants do not grow and multiply, But can be common with legumes nitrogen fixation, legumes have a good effect. Each rhizobia can only be symbiotic with one or several plants, as shown in the following table: In addition, some microorganisms can form non-legumes (such as cycads, Casuarina, etc.) to form nodules and nitrogen, mainly actinomycetes And some bacteria, fungi, nitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria and so on. ... 根瘤菌主要指与豆类作物根部共生形成根瘤并能固氮的细菌,一般指根瘤菌属和慢生根瘤菌属;两属都属于根瘤菌目。 根瘤菌侵入寄主根内,刺激根部皮层和中柱鞘的某些细胞,引起这些细胞的强烈和生长,使根的局部膨大形成根瘤;根瘤菌在根内定居,植物供给根瘤菌以矿物养料和能源,根瘤菌固定大气中游离氮气,为植物提供氮素养料,两者在拮抗寄生关系中处于均衡状态而表现共生现象。 根瘤菌细胞呈杆状,有鞭毛和荚膜,鞭毛为正常的活动器官,无芽孢,革兰氏染色阴性,属需氧型。在根瘤中生活的菌体形式多种多样,有梨形、棍棒型或T、X、Y等型,这种变形的菌体成为类菌体;类菌体在豆科植物体内不生长繁殖,却能与豆科植物共同固氮,对豆科植物有良好作用。 每种根瘤菌只能与一种或几种植物建立共生关系,如下表: 此外,还有些微生物能同非豆类植物(如苏铁、木麻黄等)共同形成根瘤固氮,主要是一些放线菌和一些细菌、真菌、固氮蓝藻等。...

Definition of 根瘤菌 in the Chinese dictionary

Rhizobium A bacterium. Symbiotic with legumes, forming nodules at their roots. Plant-supplied Rhizobia With mineral nutrients and energy, Rhizobium immobilizes free nitrogen in the atmosphere and provides nitrogen nutrients to plants. Agronomy rhizobia dressing, can increase crop yield. 根瘤菌 一种细菌。与豆科植物共生,在其根部形成根瘤。植物供给根瘤菌以矿质养料和能源,根瘤菌固定大气中的游离氮气,为植物提供氮素养料。农业上利用根瘤菌拌种,可提高作物产量。
Click to see the original definition of «根瘤菌» in the Chinese dictionary.
Click to see the automatic translation of the definition in English.

CHINESE WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE 根瘤菌

据与条件
牢蒂固
连株拔
连株逮
根瘤
盘蒂结

CHINESE WORDS THAT END LIKE 根瘤菌

大肠杆
枫树
椿
法西斯细
结核杆
链球
革兰氏阳性
革兰氏阴性
黄耳

Synonyms and antonyms of 根瘤菌 in the Chinese dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «根瘤菌» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
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TRANSLATION OF 根瘤菌

Find out the translation of 根瘤菌 to 25 languages with our Chinese multilingual translator.
The translations of 根瘤菌 from Chinese to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «根瘤菌» in Chinese.

Chinese

根瘤菌
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator Chinese - Spanish

Rhizobium
570 millions of speakers

Translator Chinese - English

Rhizobium
510 millions of speakers

Translator Chinese - Hindi

र्हिज़ोबियम
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator Chinese - Arabic

البكتريا العصوية
280 millions of speakers

Translator Chinese - Russian

Rhizobium
278 millions of speakers

Translator Chinese - Portuguese

Rhizobium
270 millions of speakers

Translator Chinese - Bengali

Rhizobium
260 millions of speakers

Translator Chinese - French

Rhizobium
220 millions of speakers

Translator Chinese - Malay

Rhizobium
190 millions of speakers

Translator Chinese - German

Rhizobium
180 millions of speakers

Translator Chinese - Japanese

根粒菌
130 millions of speakers

Translator Chinese - Korean

Rhizobium
85 millions of speakers

Translator Chinese - Javanese

Rhizobium
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator Chinese - Vietnamese

Rhizobium
80 millions of speakers

Translator Chinese - Tamil

ரைசோபியம்
75 millions of speakers

Translator Chinese - Marathi

रायझोबियम
75 millions of speakers

Translator Chinese - Turkish

Rhizobium
70 millions of speakers

Translator Chinese - Italian

Rhizobium
65 millions of speakers

Translator Chinese - Polish

Rhizobium
50 millions of speakers

Translator Chinese - Ukrainian

Rhizobium
40 millions of speakers

Translator Chinese - Romanian

Rhizobium
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator Chinese - Greek

Rhizobium
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator Chinese - Afrikaans

Rhizobium
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator Chinese - Swedish

Rhizobium
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator Chinese - Norwegian

Rhizobium
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of 根瘤菌

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «根瘤菌»

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The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «根瘤菌» in the different countries.

Examples of use in the Chinese literature, quotes and news about 根瘤菌

EXAMPLES

3 CHINESE BOOKS RELATING TO «根瘤菌»

Discover the use of 根瘤菌 in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to 根瘤菌 and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in Chinese literature.
1
氮循环: 维系地球生命生生不息的一个自然过程 - 第 23 页
既然是在根瘤菌中进行的,一定会有人要问,豆科植物的根瘤是怎样形成的?这是一个很有趣的问题。供给根瘤菌,作为它工作的能量。不同豆科植物-根瘤菌体系固定单位氮量所需要的碳水化合物的数量不同。几种主要豆科植物-根瘤菌固氮体系固定 1 ...
朱兆良, 2002
2
做一個評判專家:
【紫雲英根瘤菌劑】早在30年代初,當植物生長激素的研究尚處於開創階段時,陳華癸就首先發現作物根毛被根瘤菌感染之前,發生伸長和彎曲的現象與根瘤菌分泌生長素類物質的作用有關。30年代末,他對高效根瘤菌和低效根瘤菌形態發育進行了比較研究, ...
凝視天空, 2006
3
改革者的改革之路:
編輯本段紫雲英根瘤菌劑早在30年代初,當植物生長激素的研究尚處於開創階段時,陳華癸就首先發現作物根毛被根瘤菌感染之前,發生伸長和彎曲的現象與根瘤菌分泌生長素類物質的作用有關。30年代末,他對高效根瘤菌和低效根瘤菌形態發育進行了 ...
一抹蚊子血, 2006

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «根瘤菌»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term 根瘤菌 is used in the context of the following news items.
1
黑龙江北安粮豆轮作实现“藏粮于地”
邢海军告诉记者,去年种玉米,今年种大豆,每垧地(一垧地15亩)少施化肥100斤,减少了土壤板结,并且豆类作物根上有根瘤菌,可为后茬作物提供可观的氮肥,培养 ... «新华网, Sep 15»
2
真实的美国转基因现状: 农民认为更环保
因为与大豆共生的根瘤菌具有固氮效应,可以提高土壤肥力。事实上,在美国,大多数农民都这样轮作。 多雨导致的晚播. 拥有1500英亩(1英亩约合0.4公顷)家庭农场的 ... «一财网, Sep 15»
3
四川:玉米大豆间套作增收又养地
据介绍,由于人多地少,四川农业一直有间套作传统,并很早发现大豆玉米生态互补——高挑儿的玉米正好庇护喜阴的大豆,而大豆的根瘤菌则具有培肥地力,改良土壤 ... «中国种业商务网, Sep 15»
4
牧草养羊效益剖析
由于这两类牧草的根系和叶片分布不同,吸收的养分也有差异,禾本科牧草还可利用豆科牧草根瘤菌提供的氮素,因此,可显着提高牧草的产量。另外,在饲养肉羊等 ... «每日经济新闻, Aug 15»
5
我国菌肥近年来发展较快
人们用科学的方法从土壤中分离、选育有益微生物,经过培养、繁殖、制成菌剂, ... 目前我国生产和应用的菌肥主要有根瘤菌、固氮菌、磷细菌、钾细菌、抗生菌肥料等。 «市场信息报, Aug 15»
6
7月16日《自然》杂志精选
根瘤菌感染豆科植物的根,在那里它们会诱导固氮根瘤的形成。这种共生关系在农业上有重要意义,因为它会减少对氮肥的需求。但豆科植物在它们所碰到的数千种不 ... «科学时报, Jul 15»
7
豆类高产施肥要点
二、增施金宝贝微生物菌肥,切忌单一使用氮肥,易出现疯长现象,大豆缺硼极易引起荚而不 ... 苗期根瘤菌固氮能力弱,适当追肥可促进幼苗早发,可按每亩施微生物菌 ... «中国农业网, Jun 15»
8
陈文新:踏遍青山为中华
作为我国著名的土壤微生物及细菌分类学家,陈文新院士在根瘤菌这条“既艰辛耗时又偏僻生冷”的研究道路上,数十年踏遍青山,采集、研究根瘤菌,让这种看不见的 ... «人民网, Jun 15»
9
從空氣抓肥料根瘤菌液肥擴大有機毛豆產業
毛豆是台灣「綠金」,外銷產值達20億,台南區農業改良場近年推廣農民用根瘤菌微生物肥料,讓毛豆和根瘤菌共生,把空氣中的氮轉換成植物可以吸收的形式,不僅對 ... «上下游News&Market, May 15»
10
农业部扎实推进化肥使用量零增长行动
推进秸秆养分还田和畜禽粪便资源化利用,推广种植绿肥,在有条件的地区,引导农民施用根瘤菌,促进豆科作物固氮肥田。 四是新型经营主体示范带动减量。支持新型 ... «新华网, May 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. 根瘤菌 [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-zh/gen-liu-jun>. May 2024 ».
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