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Meaning of "cDNA" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

PRONUNCIATION OF CDNA

cDNA play
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WHAT DOES CDNA MEAN IN ENGLISH?

cDNA

Complementary DNA

In genetics, complementary DNA is DNA synthesized from a messenger RNA template in a reaction catalysed by the enzymes reverse transcriptase and DNA polymerase. cDNA is often used to clone eukaryotic genes in prokaryotes. When scientists want to express a specific protein in a cell that does not normally express that protein, they will transfer the cDNA that codes for the protein to the recipient cell. cDNA is also produced naturally by retroviruses and then integrated into the host's genome where it creates a provirus. The term cDNA is also used, typically in a bioinformatics context, to refer to an mRNA transcript's sequence, expressed as DNA bases rather than RNA bases.

Definition of cDNA in the English dictionary

The definition of cDNA in the dictionary is complementary DNA; a form of DNA artificially synthesized from a messenger RNA template and used in genetic engineering to produce gene clones.

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE CDNA

cdf
CDMA
Cdn
CDO
Cdr
Cdre
CDS
CDT
CDTV
CDU
CDV
CDW
Ce
ceanothus
cease
ceasefire
ceaseless
ceaselessly
ceaselessness

WORDS THAT END LIKE CDNA

antisense RNA
BNA
CNA
complementary DNA
DNA
junk DNA
MDNA
messenger RNA
mitochondrial DNA
MNA
mRNA
mtDNA
recombinant DNA
ribosomal RNA
RNA
rRNA
soluble RNA
t-RNA
transfer RNA
UNA

Synonyms and antonyms of cDNA in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «cDNA» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF CDNA

Find out the translation of cDNA to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of cDNA from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «cDNA» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

基因
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

cDNA
570 millions of speakers

English

cDNA
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

सीडीएनए
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

array(كدنا)
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

кДНК
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

cDNA
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

cDNA
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

ADNc
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

CDNA
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

cDNA
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

cDNAを
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

cDNA를
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

CDNA
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

cDNA
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

cDNA
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

सीडीएनए
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

cDNA
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

cDNA
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

cDNA
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

кДНК
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

ADNc
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

cDNA
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

cDNA
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

cDNA
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

cDNA
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of cDNA

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «CDNA»

The term «cDNA» is quite widely used and occupies the 24.697 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Quite widely used
89
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «cDNA» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of cDNA
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «cDNA».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «CDNA» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «cDNA» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «cDNA» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about cDNA

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «CDNA»

Discover the use of cDNA in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to cDNA and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Generation of CDNA Libraries: Methods and Protocols
Expert researchers and inventors in the field describe their own proven techniques for generating cDNA/mRNA libraries to identify the functions of specific decoded gene sequences.
Shao-Yao Ying, 2003
2
Positional Cloning by Exon Trapping and CDNA Selection
This comprehensive guide details the exon-trapping and cDNA selection processes step by step--from isolating genomic templates and nuclear splicing, to verifying generated clones and sequenced data, to analyzing exon libraries and cDNA ...
Bernhard Korn, 1999
3
Generation of Full-length CDNA Clone and Functional Analysis ...
Papain-like leader proteases are found in diverse families of human, animal, plant, and fungal positive-strand RNA viruses.
Yu-Ping Liu, 2009
4
cDNA preparation and characterization
This volume presents an update of a number of approaches relevant to the areas referred to above.
Sherman M. Weissman, 1999
5
Microarray Technology and Cancer Gene Profiling
Single-Strand cDNA Synthesis A critical step in RNA or cDNA amplification is the generation of double-stranded cDNA (ds-cDNA) templates. First-strand cDNAs are reverse transcribed from mRNA using oligo-dT or random primers. In order to  ...
Simone Mocellin, 2007
6
Characterization of a Membrane Protein Encoding CDNA ( ...
The genetic control of desiccation tolerance was not fully characterized.
Congyue Peng, 2008
7
Construction of Recombinant Rabbit Uterine Smooth Muscle ...
DISCUSSION Synthesis of Full Length Open Reading Frame of SmMLCK cDNA Gallagher etal., (1991a) characterized rabbit uterine MLCK gene using lambda gt cDNA libraries, and multiple piecing of restriction digested products together.
Satishkumar Noonepalle, 2008
8
Handbook of Molecular and Cellular Methods in Biology and ...
Construction of Fractional cDNA Libraries Using Xenopus Oocytes as an Expression System 175 Reagents Needed 180 V. cDNA Cloning and Analysis by the Polymerase Chain Reaction 180 A. Selection of Oligonucleotides 181 B. General ...
Leland J. Cseke, Peter B. Kaufman, Gopi K. Podila, 2003
9
PCR Cloning Protocols
Introduction Although Thermus aquaticus (Taq) and Thermus thermophilus (Tth) DNA polymerases have the ability to reverse transcribe RNA to complementary DNA (cDNA) and subsequently amplify the target cDNA, they are not usually the  ...
Bing-Yuan Chen, Harry W. Janes, 2002
10
Principles and Technical Aspects of PCR Amplification
Starting poly A 5 material SMART oligo dG PCR adaptor poly A 5 RACE dC RT RT First-strand cDNA synthesis Second-strand cDNA synthesis cDNA dC dT Oligo (dT) primer with added sequence PCR amplification or primer extension ...
Elizabeth van Pelt-Verkuil, Alex van Belkum, John P. Hays, 2008

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «CDNA»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term cDNA is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Transcriptome analysis of the biofilm formed by methicillin …
The cDNA libraries of nine samples (Supplementary Table S1 online) were pooled and subjected to high-throughout sequencing. «Nature.com, Jul 15»
2
MAOA expression predicts vulnerability for alcohol use
Standard curves for each gene (rhβ-actin and rhMAOA), were prepared using serial dilutions of cDNA (from 25 ng to 0.125 ng). Real-time PCR ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
3
Genetic screening reveals a link between Wnt signaling and …
For either cDNA overexpression or siRNA knockdowns, we seeded 104 HEK293 or A23 cells into 96-well plates. After 24 h, 50 ng of ZNRF3 ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
4
Decreased LRIG1 in fulvestrant-treated luminal breast cancer cells …
Total RNA was quantified and 2 μg RNA was used to synthesize cDNA (High Capacity cDNA Reverse Transcription kit, Applied Biosystems ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
5
Differential miRNA expressions in peripheral blood mononuclear …
cDNA was diluted 100 × and assayed in 10 μl PCRs according to the protocol for miRCURY LNA™ Universal RT miRNA PCR; each miRNA ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
6
Galectin 3 regulates HCC cell invasion by RhoA and MLCK activation
cDNA was synthesized using the iScript cDNA Synthesis kit (Bio-Rad, Hercules, CA, USA). The SYBR Green DNA Master mix (Applied ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
7
Ecophysiology of an uncultivated lineage of Aigarchaeota from an …
Double-stranded complementary DNA (cDNA) was synthesized at the Department of Energy-Joint Genome Institute from the OS total RNA ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
8
Cytomegalovirus infection induces a stem cell phenotype in human …
cDNA was synthesized from equal amounts of RNA with the SuperScript III First-Strand Synthesis System (Invitrogen, Life Technologies) and ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
9
Heat-Denatured Lysozyme Inactivates Murine Norovirus as a …
The resulting cDNA was subjected to a Real-time PCR, using the SYBR Premix Ex Taq II kit (Takara Bio). The PCR was performed with 2.0 μL ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
10
DNA Gene Chip Market Segment Forecasts up to 2020, Research …
Based on type, DNA gene chip market can be segmented as oDNA (oligonucleotide DNA) and cDNA (complementary DNA). The former is a ... «CSO Australia, Jul 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Cdna [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/cdna>. Oct 2020 ».
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