A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.
WHAT DOES X-RADIATION MEAN IN ENGLISH?
X-radiation is a form of electromagnetic radiation. Most X-rays have a wavelength in the range of 0.01 to 10 nanometers, corresponding to frequencies in the range 30 petahertz to 30 exahertz and energies in the range 100 eV to 100 keV. X-ray wavelengths are shorter than those of UV rays and typically longer than those of gamma rays. In many languages, X-radiation is referred to with terms meaning Röntgen radiation, after Wilhelm Röntgen, who is usually credited as its discoverer, and who had named it X-radiation to signify an unknown type of radiation. Spelling of X-ray in the English language includes the variants x-ray, xray and X ray. X-rays with photon energies above 5–10 keV are called hard X-rays, while those with lower energy are called soft X-rays. Due to their penetrating ability, hard X-rays are widely used to image the inside of objects, e.g., in medical radiography and airport security. As a result, the term X-ray is metonymically used to refer to a radiographic image produced using this method, in addition to the method itself.
The translations of x-radiation from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «x-radiation» in English.
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «x-radiation».
FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «X-RADIATION» OVER TIME
The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «x-radiation» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «x-radiation» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.
Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about x-radiation
10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «X-RADIATION»
Discover the use of x-radiation in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to x-radiation and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
Low-level Radiation: Biological Interactions, Risks and ...
S X RADIATICN/DCSE LIMITS Safer X-raya, 1352 X RADIATION/DOSE-
RESPONSE RELATIONSHIPS Effect ef graded doses of Ionizing radiation on the
human teatls. Progreta report, October 1, 1975- Septeier 30, 197«, 1962 ( RLO/
240i-a) X ...
X-radiation is electromagnetic radiation of high photon energy. It is produced
when charged particles, usually electrons, moving at high speed are slowed
down rapidly by striking a target. Only about one per cent of the energy of the
Martin Hollins, 2001
Chemical News and Journal of Industrial Science
Fluorescent (characteiistic) X-radiation, and (3) Primary X radiation. Scattered X-Radiation. Exptriments on the quality, polarisation, distiibution, and the intensity
of the scattered radiation from any given substance, show that it is a radiation ...
Equipment for Diagnostic Radiography
14 Protection and monitoring of patients and staff 162 163 164 164 164 165 165
166 166 167 167 THE EFFECTS OF X-RADIATION ON THE HUMAN BODY X-
rays, in common with certain other radiations in the electromagnetic spectrum,
Edward Forster, 1985
Workbook for Radiation Protection in Medical Radiography
The EqD is obtained by multiplying D by WR. Examples of conversion of rem to
Sv may be found in Appendix A of the textbook. 1. A WR has been established for
each of the following ionizing radiations: x-radiation (WR 5 1); fast neutrons (WR
Mary Alice Statkiewicz Sherer, Paula J. Visconti, E. Russell Ritenour, 2014
Radioactivity: Introduction and History: Introduction and ...
3.6 X-RADIATION 3.6.1 X-radiation following nuclide decay processes Mention
has been made of the electron capture decay process whereby an electron from
one of the atomic shells (generally the innermost K shell) is absorbed by the ...
Michael F. L'Annunziata, 2007
Progress in Nuclear Physics
BROWN, HANNA and YAFFE (1951) have detected K X-radiation of potassium
from calcium after irradiation with thermal neutrons. This was ascribed to a
hitherto undetected K capture activity in Ca“. Considerable precautions were
taken to ...
O. R. Frisch, 1961
Springer Handbook of Medical Technology
35.1. X-Radiation. 1896 patient, Vienna: 70 years later Fig. 35.1 First radiation
treatment to remove a nevus pigmentosus et papillomatosus (after [35.1]) On 8
November 1895 at Würzburg University's Institute of Physics, W.C. Röntgen ...
Rüdiger Kramme, Klaus-Peter Hoffmann, Robert Steven Pozos, 2011
Cancer Gene Therapy: New Insights for the Healthcare ...
University. of. Toronto: Molecularly. targeted. gold. nanoparticles. enhance. the.
radiation. response. of. breast. cancer. cells. and. tumor. xenografts. to. X-radiation. By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Cancer Gene Therapy Week ...
Report on Carcinogens (12th Ed. )
X-radiation and gamma radiation are known to be human carcinogens based on
sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity from studies in humans. Cancer Studies in
Humans Epidemiological studies of radiation exposure provide a consistent ...
Nat. Toxicology Program (NTP) (NIH), 2011
10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «X-RADIATION»
Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term x-radiation is used in the context of the following news items.
A novel source of X-rays for imaging purposes
Under these conditions, electrons emit X-radiation that is both highly energetic ('hard') and highly intense, and is therefore ideal for probing the microscopic ... «Phys.Org, Jun 15»
New Medical Device Could Make Mammography More Comfortable
Typically, they utilize low-energy X-radiation that provides a radiograph of the breast tissue and the masses that may be present within it. To increase the ... «Med Device Online, Dec 14»
The malaria pathogen's cellular skeleton under a super-microscope
To answer this question, the research team deciphered the structure of the globular actin proteins using X-radiation. "We were able to determine the structures of ... «Phys.Org, Apr 14»
Black Hole Consumes Star In Dwarf Galaxy
As the debris falls toward the black hole, an intense X-radiation is produced as the debris is heated to millions of degrees. The X-rays would diminish in a ... «RedOrbit, Jan 14»
Radiation as Cancer Therapy
In 1896, shortly after Röntgen invented the X-ray tube, it was found that aiming an X-radiation beam at a bleeding tumor would sometimes stop the bleeding and ... «Today's Medical Developments, Sep 13»
NASA Discovery: Supermassive Black Hole Swallows Surroundings …
This high energy X-radiation lights up the disk, which reflects it, making the disk a source of X-rays. The reflected light enables astronomers to see how fast ... «Design & Trend, Aug 13»
Facts Abou . . .
The handling of promethium requires extreme care as X-radiation can be generated when beta particles impinge on elements of a high atomic number. «LiveScience.com, Jul 13»
A New Look Inside the Butterfly Chrysalis
Remarkably, the insects didn't suffer from daily doses of X-radiation. Most hatched and flew away just fine. Live Science posted a gallery of some of the resulting ... «Discovery Institute, Jun 13»
Inhuman Radiation Experiments
The abuse of X-radiation “therapy” was also conducted throughout the '40s and '50s. Everything from ringworm to tonsillitis was “treated” with X-radiation ... «CounterPunch, Apr 13»
Fall equinox Saturday ups chances of seeing northern lights
One must remember that the electrons that are lost fly around as negatively charged particles; the absorbing of the solar flare's ultraviolet and x-radiation creates ... «CBS News, Sep 12»
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