Educalingo cookies are used to personalize ads and get web traffic statistics. We also share information about the use of the site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners.
Got it
Download the app
educalingo
Search

Meaning of "cycloserine" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

PRONUNCIATION OF CYCLOSERINE

cycloserine  [ˌsaɪkləʊˈsɪəriːn] play
facebooktwitterpinterestwhatsapp

GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF CYCLOSERINE

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Cycloserine is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES CYCLOSERINE MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Cycloserine

Cycloserine is a drug sold under the brand name Seromycin. It is an antibiotic effective against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Since the discovery that cycloserine is able to penetrate into the central nervous system, numerous studies have been conducted to assess the efficacy of cycloserine for psychiatric disorders. It has been found to be effective in the treatment of some neurological disorders, due to its effect as a selective partial agonist of the N-methyl-D-aspartic acid glutamatergic receptors found in the basolateral nucleus of the amygdala. Specifically, cycloserine affects the glycine-binding sites which are important for opening these NMDA channels. Cycloserine is stable under basic conditions, with the greatest stability at pH = 11.5. Under mildly acidic conditions, ite breaks down into hydroxylamine and D-serine, whereas under prolonged hydrolysis, it breaks down into hydroxylamine and DL-serine. The name "cycloserine" is a misnomer because the compound has an extra nitrogen atom compared to serine.

Definition of cycloserine in the English dictionary

The definition of cycloserine in the dictionary is an antibiotic effective in the treatment of tuberculosis.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH CYCLOSERINE


bebeerine
bəˈbɪəriːn
benzoapyrene
ˌbɛnzəʊeɪˈpaɪəriːn
chondrophorine
kɒnˈdrɒfəriːn
daturine
dəˈtjʊəriːn
dourine
ˈdʊəriːn
eserine
ˈɛsəriːn
evergreen
ˈɛvəˌɡriːn
fluorene
ˈflʊəriːn
fluorine
ˈflʊəriːn
green
ɡriːn
Greene
ɡriːn
marine
məˈriːn
mercaptopurine
məˌkæptəʊˈpjʊəriːn
murein
ˈmjʊəriːn
neurine
ˈnjʊəriːn
phosphatidylserine
ˌfɒsfətɪdaɪlˈsɪəriːn
purine
ˈpjʊəriːn
screen
skriːn
victorine
ˈvɪktəriːn
widescreen
ˈwaɪdˌskriːn

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE CYCLOSERINE

cyclophosphamide
cyclopian
cyclopic
cycloplegia
cycloplegic
cyclopropane
cyclops
cyclorama
cycloramic
cycloses
cyclosis
cyclospermous
cyclosporin
cyclosporine
cyclostomate
cyclostomatous
cyclostome
cyclostomous
cyclostyle
cyclostyled

WORDS THAT END LIKE CYCLOSERINE

algerine
anserine
atherine
berberine
Catherine
exocrine
extrauterine
ferine
glycerine
intrauterine
Katherine
nitroglycerine
papaverine
pelerine
piperine
riverine
serine
speakerine
tangerine
uterine
viperine

Synonyms and antonyms of cycloserine in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «cycloserine» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF CYCLOSERINE

Find out the translation of cycloserine to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of cycloserine from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «cycloserine» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

环丝氨酸
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

cicloserina
570 millions of speakers

English

cycloserine
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

साइक्लोसेरीन
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

cycloserine
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

циклосерин
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

cycloserine
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

cycloserine
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

cyclosérine
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Cycloserine
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Cycloserin
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

サイクロセリン
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

세린
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Cycloserine
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

cycloserine
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

cycloserine
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

सायक्लोसेरिन
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

sikloserin
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

cycloserine
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

cykloseryny
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

циклосерин
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

cycloserine
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

κυκλοσερίνη
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

sikloserien
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

cykloserin
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

cycloserine
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of cycloserine

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «CYCLOSERINE»

The term «cycloserine» is regularly used and occupies the 82.930 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Regularly used
61
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «cycloserine» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of cycloserine
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «cycloserine».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «CYCLOSERINE» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «cycloserine» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «cycloserine» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about cycloserine

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «CYCLOSERINE»

Discover the use of cycloserine in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to cycloserine and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Chemical Stability of Pharmaceuticals: A Handbook for ...
Cycloserine. GENERAL Names D-cycl oserine ; D-4 -amino-3- 1 soxazo 1 1 done ; ( + )-R-4- aminoisoxazolidin-3-one. Structure C3H6N202 mol. wt. 102.09 Forms Available Cycloserine; cycloserine hydrogen tartarate. Physical Properties ...
Kenneth Antonio Connors, 1986
2
D-cycloserine Enhances Postsynaptic Excitability in Vitro; ...
A novel form of NMDA receptor (NR)-mediated postsynaptic plasticity was examined in CA1 pyramidal neurons.
Taban Seif, 2007
3
Psychiatric Side Effects of Prescription and ...
Cycloserine has a narrow therapeutic window. Dose- dependent neuropsychiatric side effects are a major limitation of its use and may be seen in as many as 50% of patients. Mild depression and irritability starting within 2 weeks of initiating ...
Thomas Markham Brown, Alan Stoudemire, 1998
4
Antibiotics in Laboratory Medicine
The effect of D-cycloserine is antagonized by exogenous D- alanine (454,455). Resistance to D-cycloserine is conferred by over- expression of the D-alanine racemase (encoded by the alrA gene) (456), whereas, organisms with a defective  ...
Victor Lorian, 2005
5
Handbook of Media for Clinical and Public Health Microbiology
Preparation of Cycloserine Solution: Add D-cycloserine to distilled/deionized water and bring volume to 10.0mL. Mix thoroughly. Filter sterilize. Preparation of Medium: Add components, except cycloserine so- lution, to distilled/deionized water ...
Ronald M. Atlas, James W. Snyder, 2013
6
Integrating and Articulating Environments
Roles of Mycobacterium smegmatis D-alanine: D-alanine ligase and D-alanine racemase in the mechanisms of action of and resistance to the peptidoglycan inhibitor D-cycloserine. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 47: 283. Furin JJ, Mitnick CD, ...
F. Adaman, F. Goksen, J. Grolin, 2003
7
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Antimicrobial Drug Action
Cycloserine is active against several bacterial species. but because of the central nervous system dis' H36 OH O '3. ; : HBO-t f -;,, S PO32. CYSrl l5 15 l:'<'i[(j}1_ll12l §2 2.11 F'osfomycin inactivates UDP-N-acetylglucosamine enolpyruvoyl ...
Trevor J. Franklin, George Alan Snow, 2006
8
Antituberculosis Chemotherapy
Cycloserine and Terizidone Cycloserine (d-4-amino-3-isoxazolidone), originally called orientomycin, was isolated in 1952 from a Streptomyces strain, designated strain K-300 by Kurosawa. Cycloserine can be isolated from Streptomyces ...
P.R. Donald, P.D. van Helden, 2011
9
Handbook of Media for Clinical Microbiology
456 Tryptose Sulfite Cycloserine Agar Tryptose Sulfite Cycloserine Agar (TSC Agar) Composition per liter: Tryptose l5.0g Agar l4.0g Pancreatic digest of soybean meal 5.0g Yeast extract 5.0g Ferric ammonium citrate l.0g Na2S2O5 l. 0g ...
James W. Snyder, Ronald M. Atlas, 2006
10
The Handbook of Microbiological Media for the Examination of ...
For the selection of Campylobacter species. Available from Oxoid. Chapman Tellurite Solution Potassium tellurite 1% solution. Available from BD Diagnostic Systems. Clostridium difficile Selective Supplement D-Cycloserine and cefoxitin.
Ronald M. Atlas, 2006

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «CYCLOSERINE»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term cycloserine is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Israeli company offers new hope for treating severe depression
The second drug, D-Cycloserine, is a drug for treatment of tuberculosis, which also blocks the NMDA receptor. It begins operating a little later, ... «Globes, Jul 15»
2
Neural signatures of human fear conditioning: an updated and …
... Holt B, Petrovic P, De Martino B, Kloppel S, Buchel C et al. The NMDA agonist D-cycloserine facilitates fear memory consolidation in humans. «Nature.com, Jun 15»
3
Hope And Hype For New Type Of Antidepressant
The drug, D-cycloserine, was originally developed as a treatment for tuberculosis. Now, the brothers, Jonathan (CEO) and Daniel (scientist) ... «Forbes, Jun 15»
4
Tuberculosis that resists cure
... Pyrazinamide, Ethionamide, para-aminosalicylic acid, Cycloserine, Ofloxacin, Amikacin, Ciprofloxacin, Capreomycin and Kanamycin. «The Indian Express, Jun 15»
5
Colorado theater gunman: I wish psychiatrist had locked me up
... fear extinction has led to the examination of D-cycloserine (DCS), a partial agonist at the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor in the amygdala, as a ... «CBS News, Jun 15»
6
Schooled In The Pharma Arts
In 2007, Lilly transferred the multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis treatment Seromycin (cycloserine) to the center. It now is the world's only Food ... «The Biological SCENE, May 15»
7
Antibiotic Cuts Alcohol Cravings, May Enhance Psychotherapy
The study, which was funded by the National Institutes of Health, showed that low doses of D-cycloserine significantly reduce alcohol cravings ... «Medscape, May 15»
8
Tuberculosis drug can improve effect of CBT
D-cycloserine (DCS) is an old tuberculosis drug that also affects one of the brain's most common receptors, the NMDA receptor. Previous ... «Medical Xpress, May 15»
9
Clinical Review: Obsessive compulsive disorder in children
Pharmacologically, there has also been an increase in research interest in the use of d-cycloserine to augment CBT. This therapy is mainly ... «GP online, May 15»
10
TB Drug Can Help Kids To Fight Phobias, Study
Scientists at Macquarie University used the drug D-cycloserine for 35 children between 6 and 14 years. It had an ingredient that helped to ... «News Every day, May 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Cycloserine [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/cycloserine>. Feb 2021 ».
Download the educalingo app
en
English dictionary
Discover all that is hidden in the words on
index
a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z