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I think it's great training for any comedian to start on cows. Because with cows, you expect them to be bored and just stare at you blankly. And that's exactly what you'll get at a comedy club. If you can toughen up with a cow audience, then you'll never be worried with a human audience.
Kristen Schaal

Meaning of "toughen" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

PRONUNCIATION OF TOUGHEN

toughen  [ˈtʌfən] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF TOUGHEN

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Toughen is a verb.
The verb is the part of the sentence that is conjugated and expresses action and state of being.

See the conjugation of the verb toughen in English.

WHAT DOES TOUGHEN MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Definition of toughen in the English dictionary

The definition of toughen in the dictionary is to make or become tough or tougher.


CONJUGATION OF THE VERB TO TOUGHEN

PRESENT

Present
I toughen
you toughen
he/she/it toughens
we toughen
you toughen
they toughen
Present continuous
I am toughening
you are toughening
he/she/it is toughening
we are toughening
you are toughening
they are toughening
Present perfect
I have toughened
you have toughened
he/she/it has toughened
we have toughened
you have toughened
they have toughened
Present perfect continuous
I have been toughening
you have been toughening
he/she/it has been toughening
we have been toughening
you have been toughening
they have been toughening
Present tense is used to refer to circumstances that exist at the present time or over a period that includes the present time. The present perfect refers to past events, although it can be considered to denote primarily the resulting present situation rather than the events themselves.

PAST

Past
I toughened
you toughened
he/she/it toughened
we toughened
you toughened
they toughened
Past continuous
I was toughening
you were toughening
he/she/it was toughening
we were toughening
you were toughening
they were toughening
Past perfect
I had toughened
you had toughened
he/she/it had toughened
we had toughened
you had toughened
they had toughened
Past perfect continuous
I had been toughening
you had been toughening
he/she/it had been toughening
we had been toughening
you had been toughening
they had been toughening
Past tense forms express circumstances existing at some time in the past,

FUTURE

Future
I will toughen
you will toughen
he/she/it will toughen
we will toughen
you will toughen
they will toughen
Future continuous
I will be toughening
you will be toughening
he/she/it will be toughening
we will be toughening
you will be toughening
they will be toughening
Future perfect
I will have toughened
you will have toughened
he/she/it will have toughened
we will have toughened
you will have toughened
they will have toughened
Future perfect continuous
I will have been toughening
you will have been toughening
he/she/it will have been toughening
we will have been toughening
you will have been toughening
they will have been toughening
The future is used to express circumstances that will occur at a later time.

CONDITIONAL

Conditional
I would toughen
you would toughen
he/she/it would toughen
we would toughen
you would toughen
they would toughen
Conditional continuous
I would be toughening
you would be toughening
he/she/it would be toughening
we would be toughening
you would be toughening
they would be toughening
Conditional perfect
I would have toughen
you would have toughen
he/she/it would have toughen
we would have toughen
you would have toughen
they would have toughen
Conditional perfect continuous
I would have been toughening
you would have been toughening
he/she/it would have been toughening
we would have been toughening
you would have been toughening
they would have been toughening
Conditional or "future-in-the-past" tense refers to hypothetical or possible actions.

IMPERATIVE

Imperative
you toughen
we let´s toughen
you toughen
The imperative is used to form commands or requests.
NONFINITE VERB FORMS
Infinitive
to toughen
Past participle
toughened
Present Participle
toughening
Infinitive shows the action beyond temporal perspective. The present participle or gerund shows the action during the session. The past participle shows the action after completion.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH TOUGHEN


antiphon
ˈæntɪfən
deafen
ˈdɛfən
Grafen
ˈɡraːfən
griffon
ˈɡrɪfən
gryphon
ˈɡrɪfən
halfen
ˈhɑːfən
Hohenstaufen
ˈhəʊənˌʃtaʊfən
hyphen
ˈhaɪfən
ibuprofen
aɪˈbjuːprəʊfən
often
ˈɒfən
orphan
ˈɔːfən
polyphon
ˈpɒlɪfən
roughen
ˈrʌfən
sephen
ˈsɛfən
siphon
ˈsaɪfən
soften
ˈsɒfən
stiffen
ˈstɪfən
syphon
ˈsaɪfən
thermosiphon
ˌθɜːməʊˈsaɪfən
Xenophon
ˈzɛnəfən

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE TOUGHEN

touchwood
touchy
touchy-feeliness
touchy-feely
tough
tough cookie
tough guy
tough love
tough titty
tough-minded
tough-mindedly
tough-mindedness
toughened glass
toughener
toughie
toughish
toughly
toughness
Toul
touladi

WORDS THAT END LIKE TOUGHEN

Aachen
Chechen
Cohen
fitted kitchen
forfoughen
fully-fitted kitchen
Gelsenkirchen
Goshen
hen
kitchen
kuchen
lengthen
lichen
say when
Stephen
strengthen
Terbrugghen
the heathen
then
when

Synonyms and antonyms of toughen in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

SYNONYMS OF «TOUGHEN»

The following words have a similar or identical meaning as «toughen» and belong to the same grammatical category.
synonyms of toughen

Translation of «toughen» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF TOUGHEN

Find out the translation of toughen to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of toughen from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «toughen» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

使坚硬
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

endurecer
570 millions of speakers

English

toughen
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

कड़ा
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

تشديد
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

ужесточить
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

fortalecer
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

ঘন হত্তয়া
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

endurcir
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Toughen
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

hart machen
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

強健にする
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

단단하게 하다
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Toughen
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

làm cho dẻo dai
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

கடினமாக்குகிறது
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

जोरदार
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

sertleştirmek
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

rendere più resistente
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

hartować
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

посилити
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

înăspri
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

σκληρύνει
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

taai
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

skärpa
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

seig
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of toughen

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «TOUGHEN»

The term «toughen» is regularly used and occupies the 62.448 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Regularly used
71
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «toughen» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of toughen
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «toughen».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «TOUGHEN» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «toughen» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «toughen» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about toughen

EXAMPLES

4 QUOTES WITH «TOUGHEN»

Famous quotes and sentences with the word toughen.
1
Paul Begala
I think too many Democrats are too wimpy. But I think they're beginning to toughen up.
2
Simon Hoggart
Poor Harper Seven Beckham, having to live with that name all her life. It's the Boy Named Sue syndrome; at the very least it will toughen her up.
3
Kristen Schaal
I think it's great training for any comedian to start on cows. Because with cows, you expect them to be bored and just stare at you blankly. And that's exactly what you'll get at a comedy club. If you can toughen up with a cow audience, then you'll never be worried with a human audience.
4
Morihei Ueshiba
The purpose of training is to tighten up the slack, toughen the body, and polish the spirit.

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «TOUGHEN»

Discover the use of toughen in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to toughen and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Toughen Up: What I've Learned about Surviving Tough Times
Michael Hill Jeweller is a respected part of the business culture in a large part of the world - and they are continuing to expand in both size and ambition. This book encapsulates the ingredients of Michael's philosophy.
Michael Hill, Claire Harvey, 2009
2
My Story Can Beat Up Your Story!: Ten Ways to Toughen Up ...
Covering everything from Heroes to Villains, from Theme to Plot Points, from cooking up good ideas to a business plan for smart writers, this book forever eliminates that horrible feeling every writer goes through — staring at the blank ...
Jeffrey Alan Schechter, 2011
3
Teen Obsession: Competing Images of Adolescents in American ...
He surmised that "Muscular Males Magnetize Maidens," Branhisko, February 20, 1952, 8; "Make Them Eat Bear Meat," Boys ' Life, November 1959, 28; Frank Giles, "Toughen Up: Jumping Legs," Boys ' Life, March 1960, 59; Frank Giles, ...
Regan Rhea, 2008
4
Dragon Knights
Julia turned back to Sir Toughen. “Yes, Your Highness.” The physician bowed as he departed. The fear that had gripped her earlier now swallowed her whole. She took one of Sir Toughen's bandaged hands into hers. Kneeling beside his cot, ...
Salena Chae, 2011
5
How to Toughen Your Faith in Tough Times
However, it is not the time to faint. In this book I will show you several basic principles to toughen your faith and win.
Phillip Woods, 2013
6
Brunner & Suddarth's Textbook of Medical-surgical Nursing
The physician usually prescribes activities to condition or “toughen” the residual limb in preparation for a prosthesis. The patient begins by pushing the residual limb into a soft pillow, then into a firmer pillow, and finally against a hard surface.
Suzanne C. O'Connell Smeltzer, Brenda G. Bare, Janice L. Hinkle, 2010
7
Popular Mechanics
cases tainted with oil it became evident that the trouble was due to leakage, and that this leakage could only have been caused by the disintegration of the tin. EMPLOY METAL TO TOUGHEN RUBBER PRODUCTS The manufacture of rubber ...
8
Toughen Up: Zero Fuss Fitness
Toughen Up does exactly what it says on the tin - you'll be fighting fit, healthy and proud of yourself in no time.
Ian Oliver, 2009
9
Perfecting Clinical Procedures
In addition, it's a desired goal of the healing process to toughen the area to tolerate the prosthesis. Caring for the healed stump • Bathe the stump but never shave it to prevent infection. If possible, bathe the stump at the end of the day because ...
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2008
10
Plastics Additives: A Rapra Market Report
These products can be used by themselves, or added to brittle plastics to toughen them. ABS is used by itself and MBS is very widely used to toughen rigid PVC. A high acrylonitrile content in the impact modifier improves the chemical ...
Geoffrey Pritchard, 2005

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «TOUGHEN»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term toughen is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Muto must toughen up to succeed at Mainz - Ficcadenti
Ficcadenti, who took over as Tokyo coach in January, reckons Muto will have to toughen up to succeed in Germany but believes the Japan international's "power ... «Soccerway, Jun 15»
2
Courtois: I've had to toughen up to become a Chelsea success
Thibaut Courtois says he had to steel himself for a physical battle when making the switch from La Liga to the Premier League last summer. Chelsea's first title ... «Goal.com, Jun 15»
3
ACT police to toughen stance on domestic violence
Canberra's police will shift their main focus from booze-fuelled violence to domestic abuse in the coming year under a new deal with the ACT government. «The Canberra Times, Jun 15»
4
Pa. House votes to toughen child endangerment penalties
HARRISBURG, Pa. (WHTM) – The state House of Representatives has passed legislation to increase penalties for endangering a child. Under House Bill 74, ... «abc27, Jun 15»
5
Connecticut Senate votes to toughen animal abuse penalties
HARTFORD — People who intentionally maim, torture, wound or kill an animal in Connecticut could face tougher punishments under a bill moving through the ... «FOX CT, May 15»
6
India moves to toughen child labour laws
India's government moved May 13 to toughen child labour laws in a country where millions of youngsters work long hours, often in poor conditions, but activists ... «The Express Tribune, May 15»
7
Bill would toughen oversight of planned hospital mergers
The bill would toughen the authority of the Health Policy Commission when considering mergers of health care providers. The bill would allow a report issued by ... «Boston Herald, Apr 15»
8
Iowa Urged to Toughen Rules on Teen Driving
A safety research organization is urging Iowa to toughen its rules for teenager driver's licenses. The Des Moines Register reports that a study by the Insurance ... «Insurance Journal, Apr 15»
9
US derails amendment to toughen nuclear safety pact: diplomats
VIENNA The United States has derailed a proposal to toughen nuclear safety standards by amending a global atomic treaty, diplomats said, with opponents of ... «Reuters, Feb 15»
10
European Union seeks to toughen seal product ban
The European Union on Friday announced plans to toughen its 2009 ban of commercial seal hunt products. Last May, Canada lost its challenge of a World ... «Toronto Sun, Feb 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Toughen [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/toughen>. Nov 2019 ».
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