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WHAT DOES Z PARTICLE MEAN IN ENGLISH?
W and Z bosons
The W and Z bosons (together known as the weak bosons or, less specifically, the intermediate vector bosons) are the elementary particles that mediate the weak interaction; their symbols are W+, W− and Z. The W bosons have a positive and negative electric charge of 1 elementary charge respectively and are each other's antiparticles. The Z boson is electrically neutral and is its own antiparticle. All three of these particles are very short-lived with a half-life of about 3×10−25 s. Their discovery was a major success for what is now called the Standard Model of particle physics. The W bosons are named after the weak force. The physicist Steven Weinberg named the additional particle the "Z particle", later giving the explanation that it was the last additional particle needed by the model – the W bosons had already been named – and that it has zero electric charge. The two W bosons are best known as mediators of neutrino absorption and emission, where their charge is associated with electron or positron emission or absorption, always causing nuclear transmutation.
Synonyms and antonyms of Z particle in the English dictionary of synonyms
WORDS RELATING TO «Z PARTICLE»
The translations of Z particle from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «Z particle» in English.
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «Z particle».
FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «Z PARTICLE» OVER TIME
The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «Z particle» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «Z particle» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.
Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about Z particle
10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «Z PARTICLE»
Discover the use of Z particle in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to Z particle and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
In Figure 3, the effect of a uniform Z particle displacement of -100 (im (top fields)
and 100 (im (bottom fields) on the in-plane velocity measurement is simulated for
different optical magnifications. As observed under real experimental conditions,
EUROPIV 2 (Project). Workshop, Michel Stanislas, Jerry Westerweel, 2004
The Particle Odyssey: A Journey to the Heart of Matter
Once made, eachZ retains no knowledge of its creation, and can decayto any
possible particle–antiparticle pair.The only proviso isthat the total mass of the
particle–antiparticle pairis less than the mass of the Z particle, the remaining
Frank Close, Michael Marten, Christine Sutton, 2004
CERN physicists find the Z particle Victorious particle physicists face cash crisis
Lead: car firms bid to call shots Europe plans to. THIS WEEK CERN, Europe's
centre for research into the fundamental nature of matter, may have pulled off ...
The NEW GOD PARTICLE and FREE WILL
UOU. ULU: the anti-Tau-neutrino. UOU. The Z-Particle. The Z-Particle is
supposed to be a very loose “click-on” compound combination of an Electron (
ORO) and a Positron (OLO). The W-Particle is not assumed to exist as a single
Particle, it is ...
Leo Vuyk, 2008
High-ZParticle Cosmic-Ray Exposure of Apollo 8-14 Astronauts
On Apollo missions that individual astronauts' high Z particle exposure was measured by means of Lexan foils located in the passive dosimetry packs carried on the chest, thigh, and ankle of each astronaut.
E. V. Benton, R. P. Henke, SAN FRANCISCO UNIV CALIF DEPT OF PHYSICS., 1972
LEP - The Lord of the Collider Rings at CERN 1980-2000: The ...
From a precise measurement of the Z particle resonance one can deduce several
fundamental results. The mass of the Z particle itself is a fundamental constant
characterizing the weak interaction. It is remarkable that the Z particle is as heavy
Rolf-Dieter Heuer, Herwig Schopper, 2009
Particle Astrophysics: The Early Universe and Cosmic Structures
These are ruled out by the Z decay data as discussed above, as is a light Higgs
particle. (c) E6 cosmions21': This model proposed new v's in a 27 of E6 with no Z
couplings, but couplings to a new Z' particle. While such v's would not be ...
Jean-Michel Alimi, 1990
Particle Physics beyond the Standard Model: Lecture Notes of ...
... embedded in continuum, unless the potential is very contrived): its energy
obtains an imaginary part which determines (finite) probability of tunneling to
large z. Particle on the brane becomes metastable against escape into extra
The Britannica Guide to Particle Physics
The width of the Z particle thus gives a measure of its lifetime and thereby reflects
the number of ways in which the particle can decay, since the greater the number
of ways it can decay, the shorter its life. In particular, measurements at CERN ...
Erik Gregersen, 2011
Nanodispersions: Interactions, Stability, and Dynamics
Effective interaction potential between identical charged colloidal particles versus
the distance between the centers of particles (d is the diameter of the particles)
for various charges per particle (Z), particle volume fraction of 0.03 and ...
Eli Ruckenstein, Marian Manciu, 2009
7 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «Z PARTICLE»
Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term Z particle is used in the context of the following news items.
What will we find next inside the Large Hadron Collider?
Gren Ireson receives funding from the European Union and Particle Physics and ... that the LHC's experiments could uncover new particles known as Z particles, ... «The Conversation UK, Mar 15»
SLAC particle accelerator facility finds new ways to be cutting edge
Once the W and Z particles were sufficiently studied, SLAC's accelerator was used to collide electrons in order to make particles called B mesons. These were ... «Ars Technica, Mar 15»
'Indisputable' Proof Of A New Four-Quark Particle
Physicists give such particles names starting with the letter Z. "These Z particles, you can think of them as a new type of matter," Eric Swanson, a University of ... «Popular Science, Apr 14»
The Scientific and Human Drama Behind the Higgs Nobel Prize
So skip the analogies and instead think of the Higgs as just another mediator particle, but with a twist: It allows the W and Z particles to interact with themselves ... «Slate Magazine, Oct 13»
Is it THE Higgs boson? Stay tuned
One of the Z particles subsequently decays to a pair of electrons (green lines and green towers), and the other Z decays to a pair of muons (red lines). The event ... «NBCNews.com, Mar 13»
Why the Higgs Boson Matters
You could interchange the photon, the particle of light that carries the electromagnetic force, with some combination of the W and Z particles that carry the weak ... «New York Times, Jul 12»
What is the Higgs boson and why does it matter?
As the world awaits news of the possible discovery of the Higgs boson, there ... Only if the W and Z particles obtain a mass by interacting with a background field ... «New Scientist, Dec 11»
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