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Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the spirulina strain "Treponema pallidum" and "globus pallidus" subspecies. The pathogen was first discovered by Germany's Eric Hoffman and Fritz Chopin in 1905. The main route of transmission of syphilis is through human sexual behavior. The disease can also be transmitted by the mother to the fetus during pregnancy or childbirth, leading to congenital syphilis. Other human diseases caused by the relevant "Treponema pallidum" include yas disease, he and non-sexually transmitted syphilis. The diagnosis is usually carried out by blood tests; but the bacteria can also be seen under a microscope. Antibiotics can be effective in the treatment of syphilis, and is particularly suitable for intramuscular injection of penicillin G or ceftriaxone. As for patients with severe allergies to penicillin can be treated with oral doxycycline or azithromycin for treatment. It is believed that syphilis in the world in 1999 infected about 12 million people, of which more than 90% of cases appear in developing countries. The rate of syphilis infection was significantly increased after extensive use of penicillin in the 1940s, and its infection rate increased again in many countries in 2000, and is often accompanied by human immunodeficiency virus. This is partly due to the increase in unsafe sex, the increase in promiscuity and prostitution, and the reduction in the use of sexual protection measures. ... 梅毒是一种由螺旋菌菌种「梅毒螺旋体」「苍白球 」亚种所导致的性病。其病原体由德国的埃里克·霍夫曼和弗里兹·蕭丁在1905年首先发现。梅毒的主要传染途径是透过人類性行為。该疾病也可由母亲在怀孕或分娩时传染给胎儿，导致先天性梅毒。其他由相关「梅毒螺旋体」造成的人类疾病包括雅司病、品他病及非性病性梅毒。 其诊断通常是透过 血液检验来进行；但其病菌也可在显微镜下看到。抗生素可有效治疗梅毒，且特别适合以肌肉注射方式注射青霉素 G 或头孢曲松。至于对青霉素严重过敏的病患则可以透过口服多西环素或阿奇霉素来进行治疗。 据信梅毒在1999年在全球感染约1200万人，其中有超过90%的病例出现在发展中国家。梅毒感染率在青霉素于1940年代广泛运用而大幅降低后，其感染率在许多国家于2000年后又再度增加，且通常伴随着人類免疫缺陷病毒。这有部分是导因于不安全性行为、滥交与卖淫之增加，以及性保护措施运用的减少。...
The translations of 花柳 from Chinese to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «花柳» in Chinese.
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «花柳» in the different countries.
FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «花柳» OVER TIME
The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «花柳» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «花柳» appears in digitalised printed sources in Chinese between the year 1500 and the present day.
Examples of use in the Chinese literature, quotes and news about 花柳
8 CHINESE BOOKS RELATING TO «花柳»
Discover the use of 花柳 in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to 花柳 and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in Chinese literature.