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Meaning of "Y-chromosome" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

PRONUNCIATION OF Y-CHROMOSOME

Y-chromosome play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF Y-CHROMOSOME

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Y-Chromosome is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES Y-CHROMOSOME MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Y chromosome

The Y chromosome is one of two sex chromosomes in mammals, including humans, and many other animals. The other is the X chromosome. Y is the sex-determining chromosome in many species, since it is the presence or absence of Y that determines male or female sex. In mammals, the Y chromosome contains the gene SRY, which triggers testis development. The DNA in the human Y chromosome is composed of about 59 million base pairs. The Y chromosome is passed only from father to son, so analysis of Y chromosome DNA may thus be used in genealogical research. With a 30% difference between humans and chimpanzees, the Y chromosome is one of the fastest evolving parts of the human genome. To date, over 200 Y-linked genes have been identified. All Y-linked genes are expressed and hemizygous except in the cases of aneuploidy such as Klinefelter's Syndrome or XXYY syndrome.

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE Y-CHROMOSOME

Y connection
y-axis
Y-fronts
Y-level
y.
y´all
Y´s
Y2K
ya
yaar
yaba
yabba
yabber
yabbie
yabby
Yablonoi Mountains
Yablonovy Mountains

WORDS THAT END LIKE Y-CHROMOSOME

acrosome
autosome
awesome
centrosome
chromosome
desmosome
elaiosome
endosome
liposome
lysosome
melanosome
microsome
nucleosome
phagosome
ribosome
schistosome
sex chromosome
trypanosome
twosome
X chromosome
X-chromosome

Synonyms and antonyms of Y-chromosome in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «Y-chromosome» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF Y-CHROMOSOME

Find out the translation of Y-chromosome to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of Y-chromosome from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «Y-chromosome» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

Y染色体
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

Y- cromosoma
570 millions of speakers

English

Y-chromosome
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

वाई गुणसूत्र
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

كروموسوم Y-
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

Y - хромосома
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

Cromossomo Y
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

ওয়াই ক্রোমোসোম
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

Chromosome Y.
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Kromosom Y
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Y - Chromosom
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

Y染色体
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

Y 염색체
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Kromosom Y
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

Nhiễm sắc thể Y.
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

Y- நிறமி
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

Y- गुणसुख
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

Y-kromozomu
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

Cromosoma Y
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

Chromosom Y
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

Y - хромосома
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

Y - cromozom
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

Y - χρωμοσώματος
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

Y - chromosome
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

Y - kromosom
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

Y - kromosom
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of Y-chromosome

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «Y-CHROMOSOME»

The term «Y-chromosome» is regularly used and occupies the 76.984 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Regularly used
64
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «Y-chromosome» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of Y-chromosome
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «Y-chromosome».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «Y-CHROMOSOME» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «Y-chromosome» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «Y-chromosome» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about Y-chromosome

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «Y-CHROMOSOME»

Discover the use of Y-chromosome in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to Y-chromosome and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
American Indian MtDNA, Y Chromosome Genetic Data, and the ...
The field of molecular anthropology has grown in recent years with the advent of new methodologies and theoretical assumptions.
Peter N. Jones, 2004
2
The Y Chromosome and Male Germ Cell Biology in Health and ...
This book is a timely document of advances made in the field of male gonad and germ cell research in the postgenomic era.
Wai-Yee Chan, 2007
3
Adam's Curse: A Future Without Men
A study of the defining characteristics of men, and the Y chromosome in their DNA, draws on scientific research to explore such issues as the potential for a male homosexual gene and the genetic causes of male aggression.
Bryan Sykes, 2004
4
Forensic DNA Typing: Biology, Technology, and Genetics of ...
(a) 154 Mb Heterochromatic region (not sequenced) ~30 Mb Non-Recombining Portion of Y Chromosome (NRY) reco mbination recombination Pseudoautosomal Region 2 (PAR2) Pseudoautosomal Region 1 (PAR1) Male- specific region of ...
John M. Butler, 2005
5
Catalogue of Unbalanced Chromosome Aberrations in Man
This text presents a comprehensive and updated catalogue of the already large, and rapidly growing number of chromosome aberrations in man. The consistent structure of the text and references provide for rapid orientation.
Albert Schinzel, 2001
6
Human Reproductive Biology
The majority of the Y contains DNA sequences unique to this chromosome. Several genes have been identified on the Y chromosome (see HIGHLIGHT box 5-1). Most of these have essential roles in spermatogenesis; mutations in these genes ...
Richard E. Jones, Kristin H. Lopez, 2006
7
Mitochondrial DNA and Y-chromosome Variation of Eastern ...
The data were obtained from the Y Chromosome Haplotype Reference Database (YHRD), a collaborative online database (www.yhrd.org) maintained and used by the international forensic and scientific communities. Specifically, the data ...
Mark Zlojutro, 2008
8
Folia Biologica
on the Y chromosome, termed Zfy- 1 and Zfy-2. the regions necessary for spermatogenesis (GOODFEL- LOW et al. 1993). In addition, BURGOYNE et al. ( 1992) and Conway et al. (1994) provided evidence from Y chromosome deletion  ...
9
Assessing Y-chromosome Variation in the South Pacific Using ...
Since the mtDNA and Y chromosome have 1⁄4 the effective population size of the autosomal DNA, they are extremely sensitive to the influence of genetic drift. Additionally, the practice of Oceanic matrilocality may produce this pattern (Hage  ...
Krista Erin Latham, 2008
10
Human Chromosome Variation: Heteromorphism and Polymorphism: ...
Am J Med Genet 26:95–101 Hou JW, Wang TR (1999) Study of human Y chromosome polymorphism in Taiwan. Acta Paediatr Twaiwan 40:302–304 Soudek D, Laraya P (1974) Longer Y chromosome in criminals. Clin Genet 6:225 –229 ...
Herman Edwin Wyandt, Vijay S. Tonk, 2011

3 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «Y-CHROMOSOME»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term Y-chromosome is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Elucigene Diagnostics to Launch CE-Marked Y-Chromosome
The firm's new Y-chromosome microdeletion test will be available in Europe as a CE-marked in vitro diagnostic next week, with an official marketing launch of ... «GenomeWeb, Jul 15»
2
The Y-chromosome point mutation rate in humans
Lines between squares represent Y-chromosome transmission events. The filled squares represent males demarcating the branches to which mutations can be ... «Nature.com, Mar 15»
3
Study Says Oldest Known Human Y-Chromosome Branch Dates to …
An extremely rare African American Y chromosome found in an individual who submitted his DNA to a company specializing in DNA analysis to trace family ... «Sci-News.com, Mar 13»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Y-Chromosome [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/y-chromosome>. Mar 2019 ».
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