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Meaning of "nucleosome" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

PRONUNCIATION OF NUCLEOSOME

nucleosome  [ˈnjuːklɪəˌsəʊm] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF NUCLEOSOME

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Nucleosome is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES NUCLEOSOME MEAN IN ENGLISH?

nucleosome

Nucleosome

A nucleosome is the basic unit of DNA packaging in eukaryotes, consisting of a segment of DNA wound in sequence around eight histone protein cores. This structure is often compared to thread wrapped around a spool. Nucleosomes form the fundamental repeating units of eukaryotic chromatin, which is used to pack the large eukaryotic genomes into the nucleus while still ensuring appropriate access to it. Nucleosomes are folded through a series of successively higher order structures to eventually form a chromosome; this both compacts DNA and creates an added layer of regulatory control, which ensures correct gene expression. Nucleosomes are thought to carry epigenetically inherited information in the form of covalent modifications of their core histones. Nucleosomes were observed as particles in the electron microscope by Don and Ada Olins and their existence and structure were proposed by Roger Kornberg. The role of the nucleosome as a general gene repressor was demonstrated by Lorch et al. in vitro and by Han and Grunstein in vivo. The crystal structure of the nucleosome core particle. Histones H2A, H2B, H3 and H4 are coloured, DNA is gray.

Definition of nucleosome in the English dictionary

The definition of nucleosome in the dictionary is a repeating structural unit of chromatin that contains DNA and histones.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH NUCLEOSOME


acrosome
ˈækrəˌsəʊm
autosome
ˈɔːtəˌsəʊm
centrosome
ˈsɛntrəˌsəʊm
chondriosome
ˈkɒndrɪəˌsəʊm
chromosome
ˈkrəʊməˌsəʊm
desmosome
ˈdɛsməˌsəʊm
dictyosome
ˈdɪktɪəˌsəʊm
elaiosome
ɪˈleɪəˌsəʊm
hydrosome
ˈhaɪdrəˌsəʊm
isochromosome
ˌaɪsəʊˈkrəʊməˌsəʊm
leptosome
ˈlɛptəˌsəʊm
lysosome
ˈlaɪsəˌsəʊm
mesosome
ˈmɛsəˌsəʊm
monosome
ˈmɒnəˌsəʊm
plasmosome
ˈplæzməˌsəʊm
polyribosome
ˌpɒlɪˈraɪbəˌsəʊm
ribosome
ˈraɪbəˌsəʊm
schistosome
ˈʃɪstəˌsəʊm
synaptosome
sɪˈnæptəˌsəʊm
trypanosome
ˈtrɪpənəˌsəʊm

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE NUCLEOSOME

nucleoli
nucleolus
nucleon
nucleon number
nucleonic
nucleonically
nucleonics
nucleophile
nucleophilic
nucleophilicity
nucleoplasm
nucleoplasmatic
nucleoplasmic
nucleoprotein
nucleoside
nucleosomal
nucleosynthesis
nucleosynthetic
nucleotidase
nucleotide

WORDS THAT END LIKE NUCLEOSOME

amplosome
awesome
cytosome
endosome
exposome
gonosome
heterochromosome
karyosome
liposome
melanosome
merosome
microsome
phagosome
pyrosome
sarcosome
sex chromosome
twosome
urosome
X chromosome
X-chromosome
Y-chromosome

Synonyms and antonyms of nucleosome in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «nucleosome» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF NUCLEOSOME

Find out the translation of nucleosome to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of nucleosome from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «nucleosome» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

核小体
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

nucleosoma
570 millions of speakers

English

nucleosome
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

nucleosome
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

النيوكليوسومات
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

нуклеосома
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

nucleosome
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

nucleosomal
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

nucléosome
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Nukleosomal
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Nukleosomen
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

ヌクレオソーム
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

뉴 클레오
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Nukleosomal
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

nucleosome
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

nucleosomal
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

न्यूक्लिओसोमल
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

nükleozomal
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

nucleosoma
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

nukleosom
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

нуклеосома
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

nucleozom
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

νουκλεοσώματος
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

nucleosoom
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

nukleosomen
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

nucleosome
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of nucleosome

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «NUCLEOSOME»

The term «nucleosome» is regularly used and occupies the 69.552 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Regularly used
68
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «nucleosome» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of nucleosome
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «nucleosome».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «NUCLEOSOME» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «nucleosome» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «nucleosome» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about nucleosome

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «NUCLEOSOME»

Discover the use of nucleosome in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to nucleosome and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
The Nucleosome
The Nucleosome
A.P. Wolffe, 1996
2
Role of the LRS Nucleosome Surface in Telomeric Silencing
The previously identified LRS (Loss of rDNA Silencing) domain of the nucleosome is critically important for silencing at both ribosomal DNA and telomeres.
Anne Norris, 2009
3
Characterization of DNA Sequence Directed Nucleosome ...
The findings presented in this thesis, as a whole, support the conclusion that the underlying DNA sequence plays a critical role in nucleosome positioning and repositioning by SWI/SNF, and that any changes to the DNA sequence could lead to ...
Hillel Sims, 2008
4
Computational Modeling of DNA Sequence Effects on the ...
Through this work we have demonstrated the feasibility and methodology for atomic-level modeling of DNA with potential for high throughput. This thesis describes methods and results of this work.
Levi CT. Pierce, 2008
5
Insights Into Mechanisms of Nucleosome Remodeling from ...
Two nucleosome structures have identical histone cores but different DNA sequences are compared to each other.
Fei Xu, 2007
6
Role of Polyglutamylation in Nucleosome Assembly Protein 1 ...
The organization of DNA into chromatin requires the systematic deposition of the histones onto the DNA template.
Vidya Subramanian, 2008
7
Mapping the Binding of Linker Histone H1c to the Nucleosome ...
The unexpected in vivo dynamic mobility of linker histones is highly enigmatic.
Eric Matthew George, 2009
8
Functional Dissection of the Essential Nucleosome ...
HAT and HDAC protein complexes also conduct many critical functions through nonhistone substrates in metazoans, but only chromatin-associated nonhistone substrates have been reported in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
Yu-yi Lin, 2009
9
Composition and Formation of the Saccharomyces Cerevisiae ...
The kinetochore is a complex, multi-protein structure required for proper chromosome segregation in all eukaryotes.
Raymond Anthony Camahort, 2008
10
Genome Analysis: Current Procedures and Applications
next bigger nucleosome sequence database had to be either species-specific or consist of significant number of sequences originated from a broad spectrum of organisms. The absence of large nucleosome datasets also impeded application  ...
Maria S. Poptsova, 2014

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «NUCLEOSOME»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term nucleosome is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Elucidating the mechanisms of transcription regulation during heart …
The nucleosome is a basic unit composed of 146 bp of DNA and histone octomers to pack genomic DNA into a small nucleus. DNA is wrapped ... «Nature.com, Jul 15»
2
b Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of North …
... and to increase viral antigen production, this synergistic effect is directly associated with H3K27 demethylation at nucleosome 1 (Nuc-1). «Journal of Virology, Jul 15»
3
Corrigendum: Structural basis of a nucleosome containing histone …
Corrigendum: Structural basis of a nucleosome containing histone H2A.B/H2A.Bbd that transiently associates with reorganized chromatin. «Nature.com, Jul 15»
4
Researchers Find Novel Mechanism for DNA Repair
The results of this study revealed how cells repair DNA breaks in the DNA strand that is hidden in the nucleosome, “We have shown, not yet in ... «Alzheimer's News Today, Jul 15»
5
VolitionRx Expands Scientific Advisory Board
... Robert Weinzierl and Dr. Andreas Ladurner, expert scientists in genetics, epigenetics and chromosome and nucleosome structure in cancer. «CNNMoney, Jul 15»
6
Scientists Find Way to Repair DNA which will Cure Alzheimer's
“According to our hypothesis, it occurs due to the formation of special small DNA loops in the nucleosome, although normally DNA wounds around the histone ... «24 Medica, Jul 15»
7
Brain Cells Switch Epigenetic Gears throughout Life
“We uncover a dramatic developmental profile of nucleosome occupancy across the lifespan of both rodents and humans, with the histone ... «Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News, Jul 15»
8
Evidence that histone H1 is dispensable for proper meiotic …
Histone H1, referred to as the linker histone, associates with the nucleosome core particle. While there is indication that the budding yeast ... «7thSpace Interactive, Jun 15»
9
Song Tan awarded Faculty Scholar Medal for Outstanding …
Tan's lab was the first to determine the atomic structure of a chromosome-regulatory protein bound to the nucleosome, the fundamental ... «Penn State News, Jun 15»
10
CTCF as a multifunctional protein in genome regulation and gene …
At CTCF-binding elements lacking a CpG, CTCF binding was found to be affected by nucleosome repositioning. Lefevre et al. showed that ... «Nature.com, Jun 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Nucleosome [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/nucleosome>. Sep 2022 ».
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