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Meaning of "elaiosome" in the English dictionary

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DICTIONARY
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ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD ELAIOSOME

From Greek elaion oil + -some³.
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Etymology is the study of the origin of words and their changes in structure and significance.
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PRONUNCIATION OF ELAIOSOME

elaiosome  [ɪˈleɪəˌsəʊm] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF ELAIOSOME

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Elaiosome is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES ELAIOSOME MEAN IN ENGLISH?

elaiosome

Elaiosome

Elaiosomes are fleshy structures that are attached to the seeds of many plant species. The elaiosome is rich in lipids and proteins, and may be variously shaped. Many plants have elaiosomes that attract ants, which take the seed to their nest and feed the elaiosome to their larvae. After the larvae have consumed the elaiosome, the ants take the seed to their waste disposal area, which is rich in nutrients from the ant frass and dead bodies, where the seeds germinate. This type of seed dispersal is termed myrmecochory from the Greek "ant" and "dispersal". This type of symbiotic relationship appears to be mutualistic, more specifically dispersive mutualism according to Ricklefs, R.E., as the plant benefits because its seeds are dispersed to favorable germination sites, and also because it is planted by the ants. Elaiosomes develop in various ways either from seed tissues or from fruit tissues. The various origins and developmental pathways apparently all serve the same main function, i.e. attracting ants.

Definition of elaiosome in the English dictionary

The definition of elaiosome in the dictionary is an oil-rich body on seeds or fruits that attracts ants, which act as dispersal agents.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH ELAIOSOME


acrosome
ˈækrəˌsəʊm
autosome
ˈɔːtəˌsəʊm
centrosome
ˈsɛntrəˌsəʊm
chondriosome
ˈkɒndrɪəˌsəʊm
chromosome
ˈkrəʊməˌsəʊm
desmosome
ˈdɛsməˌsəʊm
dictyosome
ˈdɪktɪəˌsəʊm
hydrosome
ˈhaɪdrəˌsəʊm
isochromosome
ˌaɪsəʊˈkrəʊməˌsəʊm
leptosome
ˈlɛptəˌsəʊm
lysosome
ˈlaɪsəˌsəʊm
mesosome
ˈmɛsəˌsəʊm
monosome
ˈmɒnəˌsəʊm
nucleosome
ˈnjuːklɪəˌsəʊm
plasmosome
ˈplæzməˌsəʊm
polyribosome
ˌpɒlɪˈraɪbəˌsəʊm
ribosome
ˈraɪbəˌsəʊm
schistosome
ˈʃɪstəˌsəʊm
synaptosome
sɪˈnæptəˌsəʊm
trypanosome
ˈtrɪpənəˌsəʊm

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE ELAIOSOME

elaborated code
elaborately
elaborateness
elaboration
elaborative
elaborator
elaboratory
elaeolite
elaeoptene
Elagabalus
Elam
Elamite
Elamitic
elance
eland
elanet
elaphine
elapid
elapine
elapse

WORDS THAT END LIKE ELAIOSOME

amplosome
awesome
cytosome
endosome
exposome
gonosome
heterochromosome
karyosome
liposome
melanosome
merosome
microsome
phagosome
pyrosome
sarcosome
sex chromosome
twosome
urosome
X chromosome
X-chromosome
Y-chromosome

Synonyms and antonyms of elaiosome in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «elaiosome» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF ELAIOSOME

Find out the translation of elaiosome to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of elaiosome from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «elaiosome» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

elaiosome
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

elaiosoma
570 millions of speakers

English

elaiosome
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

elaiosome
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

elaiosome
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

elaiosome
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

elaiossomo
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

elaiosome
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

élaiosome
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Elaiosome
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Elaiosom
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

elaiosome
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

elaiosome
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Elaiosome
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

elaiosome
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

elaiosome
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

एलिएओसोम
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

elaiosome
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

elaiosome
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

elaiosome
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

elaiosome
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

elaiosome
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

ελαιόσωμα
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

elaiosome
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

elaiosome
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

elaiosome
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of elaiosome

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «ELAIOSOME»

The term «elaiosome» is normally little used and occupies the 125.691 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Little used
41
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «elaiosome» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of elaiosome
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «elaiosome».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «ELAIOSOME» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «elaiosome» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «elaiosome» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about elaiosome

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «ELAIOSOME»

Discover the use of elaiosome in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to elaiosome and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Seed Fate: Predation, Dispersal, and Seedling Establishment
For example, removal responses to elaiosome/ diaspore ratio were found to be species- specific in Australian ants (Hughes and Westoby, 1992). Experiments with an artificially increased elaiosome/mass ratio (elaiosomes being 4% to 125 % ...
J. E. Lambert, P. E. Hulme, S. B. Vander Wall, 2005
2
Structure and Function of Plants
The one bit of help the seeds of this plant species receive comes from native harvester ants. While these ants are also interested in the seeds for food, they consume the elaiosome (Figure 6.19), an appendage on the outside of the seed that is ...
Jennifer W. MacAdam, 2013
3
Biology of Flowering Plants
ANTS 413 (a) In the whin, broom, violet, and others the elaiosome is arillar. (b) The basal part of the fruit wall is differentiated as an elaiosome in Fumaria and Anemone hepatica. (c) The basal part of the calyx forms the elaiosome in Parietaria ...
Macgregor Skene, 2006
4
Seeds: Ecology, Biogeography, and, Evolution of Dormancy and ...
Ants are attracted to diaspores (hereafter called seeds) by the presence of an external foodbody called an elaiosome, which may be an aril (Ireland and Andrew, 1995; Tiano et al., 1998), caruncle (Bianchini and Pacini, 1996; Narbona et al., ...
Carol C. Baskin, Jerry M. Baskin, 2014
5
Seed Dispersal by Ants in a Deciduous Forest Ecosystem: ...
24 - 18 15 12 B 0.4 0.8 1.2 1.6 length of elaiosome, mm Fig. 1.3. Frequency histograms of erem length (A) and elaiosome length (B) in Pulmonaria obscura. Lines are curves of normal distribution. Origins of fat bodies also vary. In some plants ...
Elena Gorb, Stanislav Gorb, 2003
6
The Development and Maturation of the Elaiosome of Dicentra ...
The developmental cytology of the elaiosome of Dicentra formosa (Andr.)Walp. was investigated from the time of initial differentiation until complete maturation.
April E. Hootman Barnes, 1976
7
The Ecology and Evolution of Ant-Plant Interactions
The elaiosome is removed without damaging the seeds, which are then discarded either below the parent plant, in an abandoned gallery, or in a refuse pile close to a nest entrance (O'Dowd and Hay 1980; Buckley 1982; Beattie 1985; Keeler ...
Victor Rico-Gray, Paulo S. Oliveira, 2007
8
Trait-Mediated Indirect Interactions: Ecological and ...
elaiosome quality to the nearest 0.01 mg. I estimated elaiosome quality as absolute elaiosome weight and relative elaiosome weight (elaiosome divided by seed weight). Relative elaiosome weight provides an estimate of the net reward for the ...
Takayuki Ohgushi, Oswald Schmitz, Robert D. Holt, 2012
9
Seed Biology: Importance, Development, and Germination
Such a tissue when adapted to dispersal by ants (Myrmecochory) is termed elaiosome. When the diaspore is a seed the elaiosome is formed by an aril. An aril may arise from several different parts in the seed such as the base of the ovule, the ...
T.T. Kozlowski, 2012
10
Elaiosome
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Elaiosomes are fleshy structures that are attached to the seeds of many plant species.
Timoteus Elmo, 2011

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «ELAIOSOME»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term elaiosome is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Catskills Ants in Action!
The first ant, a Camponotus or Carpenter Ant, is really excited by the elaiosome and tries, unsuccessfully, to haul away the entire seed pod. «Watershed post, May 15»
2
In the Garden: Wakerobin
Trillium seeds have a nutrient-rich structure attached, the elaiosome, that ants are fond of. They carry the seed to their nests, feed the elaiosome ... «The Crozet Gazette, Mar 15»
3
CATHIE DRAINE: Why are snowdrops blooming?
Each seed has an elaiosome, a small structure rich in lipids and proteins attached to it. These are a desirable food reward for the ants as they ... «Rapid City Journal, Feb 15»
4
Fetid adder's tongue: a spell-binding plant for February flowers
The seeds have a sweet, fleshy part called an elaiosome. ... They carry the seeds away from the parent plant, eat the elaiosome and bury the ... «The Guardian, Feb 15»
5
New study suggests invasive species work together to dominate …
The plant seeds contain an attached fleshy appendage known as an elaiosome, which ants pick up and feed to their larvae before dispersing ... «The Globe and Mail, Dec 14»
6
The Stick that lays eggs
Eventually the packet, known as an elaiosome, is finally eaten, and the otherwise intact seeds left in their underground nursery to germinate in ... «www.ottawacommunitynews.com/, Nov 14»
7
Invasive Species Week: The Argentine Ant
Those seeds bear a fleshy covering called an elaiosome, which contains a bit of oil that Pogonomyrmex subnitidus apparently finds tempting. «KCET, Aug 14»
8
Plants Are Actually Kind of Evil
One such structure is a delicious little packet of fatty tissue on their seeds, called an elaiosome. Ants grab this tasty snack, drag it into their nest, feed it to their ... «io9, Jul 14»
9
Though toxic, bloodroot used for treatment of skin irritations
Bloodroot seeds have what is called an elaiosome or aril. Elaiosomes are appendages on the outside of a seed filled with nutrients that are ... «Chippewa Herald, Jun 14»
10
The Outside Story: Sneaky plants and gullible ants
Recent studies have shown that even though ants can digest elaiosome nutrients, the benefit to the ant colony is questionable — or at least, ... «BurlingtonFreePress.com, May 14»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Elaiosome [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/elaiosome>. Mar 2024 ».
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