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Give us detailed, testable, mechanistic accounts for the origin of life, the origin of the genetic code, the origin of ubiquitous bio macromolecules and assemblages like the ribosome, and the origin of molecular machines like the bacterial flagellum, and intelligent design will die a quick and painless death.
William A. Dembski

Meaning of "ribosome" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD RIBOSOME

From ribo(nucleic acid) + -some³.
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Etymology is the study of the origin of words and their changes in structure and significance.
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PRONUNCIATION OF RIBOSOME

ribosome  [ˈraɪbəˌsəʊm] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF RIBOSOME

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Ribosome is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES RIBOSOME MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Ribosome

The ribosome is a large and complex molecular machine, found within all living cells, that serves as the primary site of biological protein synthesis. Ribosomes link amino acids together in the order specified by messenger RNA molecules. Ribosomes consist of two major components — the small ribosomal subunit which reads the RNA, and the large subunit which joins amino acids to form a polypeptide chain. Each subunit is composed of one or more ribosomal RNA molecules and a variety of proteins. The ribosomes and associated molecules are also known as the translational apparatus. The sequence of DNA encoding for a protein may be copied many times into messenger RNA chains of a similar sequence. Ribosomes can bind to an mRNA chain and use it as a template for determining the correct sequence of amino acids in a particular protein. Amino acids are selected, collected and carried to the ribosome by transfer RNA, which enter one part of the ribosome and bind to the messenger RNA chain. The attached amino acids are then linked together by another part of the ribosome.

Definition of ribosome in the English dictionary

The definition of ribosome in the dictionary is any of numerous minute particles in the cytoplasm of cells, either free or attached to the endoplasmic reticulum, that contain RNA and protein and are the site of protein synthesis.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH RIBOSOME


acrosome
ˈækrəˌsəʊm
autosome
ˈɔːtəˌsəʊm
centrosome
ˈsɛntrəˌsəʊm
chondriosome
ˈkɒndrɪəˌsəʊm
chromosome
ˈkrəʊməˌsəʊm
desmosome
ˈdɛsməˌsəʊm
dictyosome
ˈdɪktɪəˌsəʊm
elaiosome
ɪˈleɪəˌsəʊm
hydrosome
ˈhaɪdrəˌsəʊm
isochromosome
ˌaɪsəʊˈkrəʊməˌsəʊm
leptosome
ˈlɛptəˌsəʊm
lysosome
ˈlaɪsəˌsəʊm
mesosome
ˈmɛsəˌsəʊm
monosome
ˈmɒnəˌsəʊm
nucleosome
ˈnjuːklɪəˌsəʊm
plasmosome
ˈplæzməˌsəʊm
polyribosome
ˌpɒlɪˈraɪbəˌsəʊm
schistosome
ˈʃɪstəˌsəʊm
synaptosome
sɪˈnæptəˌsəʊm
trypanosome
ˈtrɪpənəˌsəʊm

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE RIBOSOME

ribgrass
ribibe
ribier
ribless
riblet
riblike
riboflavin
riboflavine
ribonuclease
ribonucleic acid
ribonucleoside
ribonucleotide
ribose
ribosomal
ribosomal RNA
ribozymal
ribozyme
ribston
ribwork
ribwort

WORDS THAT END LIKE RIBOSOME

amplosome
awesome
cytosome
endosome
exposome
gonosome
heterochromosome
karyosome
liposome
melanosome
merosome
microsome
phagosome
pyrosome
sarcosome
sex chromosome
twosome
urosome
X chromosome
X-chromosome
Y-chromosome

Synonyms and antonyms of ribosome in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «ribosome» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF RIBOSOME

Find out the translation of ribosome to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of ribosome from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «ribosome» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

核糖体
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

ribosoma
570 millions of speakers

English

ribosome
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

राइबोसोम
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

الريبوسوم
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

рибосомы
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

ribossomo
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

রাইবোজোম
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

ribosome
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Ribosom
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Ribosomen
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

リボソーム
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

리보솜
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Ribosome
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

ribosome
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

ரைபோசோம்
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

राइबोसोम
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

ribozom
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

ribosoma
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

rybosomu
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

рибосоми
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

ribozomului
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

ριβόσωμα
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

ribosoom
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

ribosom
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

ribosom
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of ribosome

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «RIBOSOME»

The term «ribosome» is regularly used and occupies the 70.710 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Regularly used
67
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «ribosome» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of ribosome
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «ribosome».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «RIBOSOME» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «ribosome» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «ribosome» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about ribosome

EXAMPLES

QUOTES WITH «RIBOSOME»

Famous quotes and sentences with the word ribosome.
1
William A. Dembski
Give us detailed, testable, mechanistic accounts for the origin of life, the origin of the genetic code, the origin of ubiquitous bio macromolecules and assemblages like the ribosome, and the origin of molecular machines like the bacterial flagellum, and intelligent design will die a quick and painless death.

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «RIBOSOME»

Discover the use of ribosome in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to ribosome and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
The Ribosome: Structure, Function, Antibiotics, and Cellular ...
Every four to five years this important book summarizing ribosome research is revised and up–dated.
Roger A. Garrett, 2000
2
The Ribosome
This is the first book to contain the newly published findings on the structure of the ribosome and discuss their meaning for our understanding of how proteins are made and processed inside the cell.
Bruce Stillman, 2002
3
Protein Synthesis and Ribosome Structure
Based on more than 30 years of ribosome research and incorporating the most recent strucutural evidence, this book presents a uniform picture of the largest enzyme complex found in living cells, shedding light on many decades-old questions ...
Knud H. Nierhaus, Daniel Wilson, 2009
4
Essential Cell Biology, Fourth Edition
5′ 3′ UAG H 2 N P 5′ 3′ UAG UAG released polypeptide chain 5′ A BINDING OF RELEASE TO THE A SITE H2O COOH TERMINATION RIBOSOME DISSOCIATES terminal portion of mRNA 3′ UAG H 2 N NH 2 FACTOR 3′ E P  ...
Bruce Alberts, Dennis Bray, Karen Hopkin, 2013
5
Ribosomes Structure, Function, and Dynamics: Structure, ...
This book collects over 40 articles based on the talks presented at the 2010 Ribosome Meeting, held in Orvieto, Italy, covering all facets of the structure and function of the ribosome.
Marina V. Rodnina, Wolfgang Wintermeyer, Rachel Green, 2011
6
Targeting Functional Centers of the Ribosome
This thesis describes research into the mode of function, inhibition, and evolution of the ribosomal catalytic center, the Peptidyl Transferase Center (PTC)--research that has already led to attempts at improving PTC antibiotics.
Chen Davidovich, 2011
7
Cell Biology
To perform ribosome display, one needs a highquality library in the appropriate format. This section does not explain how to generate this library, as this depends entirely on the experimental goal, but rather how to convert an existing one into ...
Julio E. Celis, 2005
8
The Nucleolus
Marie Gérus, Michèle Caizergues-Ferrer, Yves Henry, and Anthony Henras 8.1 Introduction Ribosome biogenesis necessitates the coordinated expression of several hundreds of genes encoding ribosome components and numerous ...
Mark O. J. Olson, 2011
9
Structural Studies of the Interaction of Ribosome Recycling ...
As a control to ensure that crystal-packing forces would not affect the results of soaking RRF into preformed crystals, E. coli RRF was co-crystallized with the 70S ribosome. Although the resulting crystals diffracted x-rays to only 7 A, the position  ...
Raj Deepak Pai, 2008
10
Molecular Genetics of Bacteria
Ribosome. binding. After the mRNA has been produced, the next step is the attachment of ribosomes and the translation of the sequence into protein. This stage seems to play a comparatively minor role in the natural control of gene ...
Jeremy W. Dale, Simon F. Park, 2004

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «RIBOSOME»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term ribosome is used in the context of the following news items.
1
'Freezing a bullet' to find clues to ribosome assembly process
(Nanowerk News) Ribosomes are vital to the function of all living cells. Using the genetic information from RNA, these large molecular complexes build proteins ... «Nanowerk, May 15»
2
Researchers discover a protein that regulates the hierarchical …
Ribosomes are vital to the function of all living cells. Using the genetic information from RNA, these large molecular complexes build proteins by linking amino ... «Phys.Org, May 15»
3
Scientists confirm key targets of new anti-cancer drug candidates
Ribosomes, ancient molecular machines that produce proteins in cells, are required for cell growth in all organisms, accomplishing strikingly complex tasks with ... «Phys.Org, Mar 15»
4
Research in the News: Ribosomal motor crucial part of cellular …
The ribosome is the protein-making “factory” within cells responsible for knitting ... EF-G is responsible for movement within the ribosome of messenger RNA ... «Yale News, Jan 15»
5
'The Selfish Gene' Theory Challenged: Ribosomes May Be The …
Like genes, ribosomes are found in all living cells. Able to read DNA, they transform this genetic code into proteins that perform all the work of the cell. «Medical Daily, Jan 15»
6
Never mind the selfish gene – ribosomes are the missing link
All cells share three organelles, or internal structures, besides gene-containing chromosomes: ribosomes which contain the machinery for translating genetic ... «The Conversation UK, Jan 15»
7
Ribosome Studies Turn Up New Mechanism of Protein Synthesis
Ribosomes are the cell's molecular machines, responsible for translating genetic information in messenger RNA into the long strings of amino acids needed to ... «HealthCanal.com, Jan 15»
8
Principles of ER cotranslational translocation revealed by proximity …
We developed a flexible deep sequencing–based methodology (termed proximity-specific ribosome profiling) that enables precise characterization of localized ... «Science Careers Blog, Nov 14»
9
Antibiotic Resistance At The Ribosome Level
High-resolution cryo-electron microscopy has revealed in unprecedented detail the structural changes in the bacterial ribosome which results in resistance to the ... «Science 2.0, Oct 14»
10
Ribosome stalling induced by mutation of a CNS-specific tRNA …
Here, we discover that loss of GTPBP2, a novel binding partner of the ribosome recycling protein Pelota, in mice with a mutation in a tRNA gene that is ... «Science Careers Blog, Jul 14»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Ribosome [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/ribosome>. Mar 2024 ».
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