A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.
WHAT DOES X CHROMOSOME MEAN IN ENGLISH?
The X chromosome is one of the two sex-determining chromosomes in many animal species, including mammals, and is found in both males and females. It is a part of the XY sex-determination system and X0 sex-determination system. The X chromosome was named for its unique properties by early researchers, which resulted in the naming of its counterpart Y chromosome, for the next letter in the alphabet, after it was discovered later.
Definition of X chromosome in the English dictionary
The definition of X chromosome in the dictionary is the sex chromosome that occurs in pairs in the diploid cells of the females of many animals, including humans, and as one of a pair with the Y-chromosome in those of males.
Synonyms and antonyms of X chromosome in the English dictionary of synonyms
WORDS RELATING TO «X CHROMOSOME»
The translations of X chromosome from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «X chromosome» in English.
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «X chromosome».
FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «X CHROMOSOME» OVER TIME
The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «X chromosome» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «X chromosome» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.
Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about X chromosome
10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «X CHROMOSOME»
Discover the use of X chromosome in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to X chromosome and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
Catalogue of Unbalanced Chromosome Aberrations in Man
Gonadal dysfunction is believed to occur if the breakpoint in the X chromosome is
situated within the segment (X) (ql3^q26) (Sarto et al. 1973; Phelan et al. 1977;
Summitt et al. 1977; Leddet-Chevallier et al. 1981; Carpenter 1983).
Albert Schinzel, 2001
Human Heredity: Principles and Issues
Males, in contrast, are XY and carry only one copy of the X chromosome. Most
genes on the X chromosome are not found on the Y XY chromosome. This
means that males carrying an X chromosome gene for / \ a recessive disorder
such as ...
Michael Cummings, 2013
Yen and Jaffe's Reproductive Endocrinology: Physiology, ...
form duplexes in vivo that are processed to small RNAs, most likely on the active
X chromosome in a Dicer-dependent manner, implicating RNA interference (
RNAi) in X chromosome inactivation.177 X-inactivation occurs early in
Jerome Frank Strauss, Robert L. Barbieri, 2009
Regulation of DNA Methylation and XChromosome Inactivation ...
Yin Shen. modifications and DNA methylation that complete and stabilize the
inactive state of the Xist-coated X chromosome (56, 64). In contrast, on the active
X chromosome, the Xist gene becomes completely silent and its promoter is
Yin Shen, 2008
Cytogenetics of the Mammalian XChromosome
Avery A. Sandberg, 1983
Competition Science Vision
A daughter can inherit a sex-linked recessive disorder or trait if her father is
affected and her mother is a carrier she inherits one effected X-chromosome from
each parent. Females usually do not exhibit sex-linked traits because they inherit
Reproductive Isolation and XChromosome Meiotic Drive in ...
Linkage Maps Previous studies have provided evidence for a large Xchromosome inversion or inversion complex that is associated with sex
chromosome meiotic drive in C. dalmanni (Johns et al. 2005, Chapter 3 of this
Sarah J. Christianson, 2007
Human Molecular Biology: An Introduction to the Molecular ...
In humans dosage compensation is achieved via a process of chromosomal
condensation termed X chromosome inactivation (lyonization; Figure 16. 19)
which can thus be considered a form of whole-chromosomal imprinting for
R. J. Epstein, 2003
The Real Science Behind the X-Files: Microbes, Meteorites, ...
On the contrary, having only a single X chromosome is not always in the best
interest of men. By having only a single version of every gene on the Xchromosome, men are more likely than women to have genetic diseases that
involve faulty X ...
Anne Simon, 2001
Life of Marsupials
The X chromosome is usually of normal size and contains many genes that are
not directly concerned with sexual differentiation, whereas the Y chromosome is
usually very small and contains few other genes than those concerned with sex ...
C. Hugh Tyndale-Biscoe, 2005
10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «X CHROMOSOME»
Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term X chromosome is used in the context of the following news items.
Biomarker Helps Identify Mental Illness in Women
Researchers discovered the gene XIST — which is responsible for inactivating one of the two copies of the X chromosome in cells that store genetic material ... «PsychCentral.com, Jun 15»
Goodbye Y: Men Who Smoke Have Missing Male Chromosomes
The Y chromosome is one of two sex-determining chromosomes in men, who have one X chromosome and one Y. (Women have two X chromosomes.) ... «Yahoo News, Dec 14»
Duplication of gene on X chromosome causes gigantism
Researchers believe they've isolated a portion of the X-chromosome responsible for growth -- and where the gene duplication that causes gigantism occurs. «UPI.com, Dec 14»
Study of gay brothers may confirm X chromosome link to …
... “gay gene,” by identifying a stretch on the X chromosome likely associated with homosexuality. But several subsequent studies called his finding into question. «Science AAAS, Nov 14»
With Men's Y Chromosome, Size Really May Not Matter
Basic biology has it that girls are girls because they have two X chromosomes — the things inside cells that carry our genes. Boys are boys because they have ... «NPR, Jul 14»
Genetically Eliminating Female Mosquitoes Could End Malaria
In a lab, scientists have literally shredded the X chromosome in Amopheles gambiae mosquitoes sperm cells—a move that will ensure that all offspring are male. «Motherboard, Jun 14»
Calico cats inspire X chromosome research
This image shows the first ever high-resolution structure of an inactive Xchromosome (far right) its native state by combining a new pair of emerging imaging ... «Phys.Org, Feb 14»
Study finds genes on X chromosome linked to male homosexuality
A region of the X chromosome called Xq28 had some impact on men's sexual behaviour – though scientists have no idea which of the many genes in the region ... «Raw Story, Feb 14»
Why do men and women differ in height? X chromosome is key
The sex chromosomes - X and Y - determine whether an embryo becomes male or female. The mother contributes an X chromosome to the child, and it is the ... «Medical News Today, Feb 14»
Seeing X Chromosomes in a New Light
The term “X chromosome” has an air of mystery to it, and rightly so. It got its name in 1891 from a baffled biologist named Hermann Henking. To investigate the ... «New York Times, Jan 14»
« EDUCALINGO. X chromosome [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/x-chromosome>. Apr 2019 ».