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Meaning of "X chromosome" in the English dictionary

Dictionary
DICTIONARY
section

PRONUNCIATION OF X CHROMOSOME

X chromosome  [ɛks ˈkrəʊməˌsəʊm] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF X CHROMOSOME

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
X chromosome is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES X CHROMOSOME MEAN IN ENGLISH?

X chromosome

X chromosome

The X chromosome is one of the two sex-determining chromosomes in many animal species, including mammals, and is found in both males and females. It is a part of the XY sex-determination system and X0 sex-determination system. The X chromosome was named for its unique properties by early researchers, which resulted in the naming of its counterpart Y chromosome, for the next letter in the alphabet, after it was discovered later.

Definition of X chromosome in the English dictionary

The definition of X chromosome in the dictionary is the sex chromosome that occurs in pairs in the diploid cells of the females of many animals, including humans, and as one of a pair with the Y-chromosome in those of males.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH X CHROMOSOME


acrosome
ˈækrəˌsəʊm
autosome
ˈɔːtəˌsəʊm
centrosome
ˈsɛntrəˌsəʊm
chondriosome
ˈkɒndrɪəˌsəʊm
chromosome
ˈkrəʊməˌsəʊm
desmosome
ˈdɛsməˌsəʊm
dictyosome
ˈdɪktɪəˌsəʊm
elaiosome
ɪˈleɪəˌsəʊm
heterochromosome
ˌhɛtərəʊˈkrəʊməˌsəʊm
hydrosome
ˈhaɪdrəˌsəʊm
isochromosome
ˌaɪsəʊˈkrəʊməˌsəʊm
lysosome
ˈlaɪsəˌsəʊm
monosome
ˈmɒnəˌsəʊm
nucleosome
ˈnjuːklɪəˌsəʊm
plasmosome
ˈplæzməˌsəʊm
polyribosome
ˌpɒlɪˈraɪbəˌsəʊm
ribosome
ˈraɪbəˌsəʊm
schistosome
ˈʃɪstəˌsəʊm
synaptosome
sɪˈnæptəˌsəʊm
trypanosome
ˈtrɪpənəˌsəʊm

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE X CHROMOSOME

X factor
x-axis
X-certificate
X-chromosome
x-height
x-radiation
X-rated
X-ray
X-ray astronomy
X-ray binary
X-ray burster
X-ray crystallography
X-ray diagnosis
X-ray diffraction
X-ray examination
X-ray photo
X-ray star
X-ray therapy
X-ray treatment

WORDS THAT END LIKE X CHROMOSOME

amplosome
awesome
cytosome
endosome
exposome
gonosome
karyosome
kinetosome
leptosome
liposome
melanosome
merosome
microsome
phagosome
pyrosome
sarcosome
sex chromosome
twosome
urosome
X-chromosome
Y-chromosome

Synonyms and antonyms of X chromosome in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «X chromosome» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF X CHROMOSOME

Find out the translation of X chromosome to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of X chromosome from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «X chromosome» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

X染色体
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

cromosoma X
570 millions of speakers

English

X chromosome
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

एक्स गुणसूत्र
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

كروموسوم X
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

Х-хромосома
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

cromossomo X
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

এক্স ক্রোমোসোম
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

chromosome X.
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Kromosom X
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

X-Chromosom
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

X染色体
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

X 염색체
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Kromosom X
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

nhiễm sắc thể X
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

எக்ஸ் நிறமூர்த்தம்
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

X गुणसूत्र
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

X kromozomu
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

cromosoma X
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

chromosomu X
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

Х - хромосома
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

cromozom X
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

Χ χρωμόσωμα
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

X chromosome
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

X-kromosom
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

X kromosom
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of X chromosome

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «X CHROMOSOME»

The term «X chromosome» is regularly used and occupies the 75.647 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Regularly used
65
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «X chromosome» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of X chromosome
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «X chromosome».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «X CHROMOSOME» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «X chromosome» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «X chromosome» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about X chromosome

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «X CHROMOSOME»

Discover the use of X chromosome in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to X chromosome and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Catalogue of Unbalanced Chromosome Aberrations in Man
Gonadal dysfunction is believed to occur if the breakpoint in the X chromosome is situated within the segment (X) (ql3^q26) (Sarto et al. 1973; Phelan et al. 1977; Summitt et al. 1977; Leddet-Chevallier et al. 1981; Carpenter 1983).
Albert Schinzel, 2001
2
Human Heredity: Principles and Issues
Males, in contrast, are XY and carry only one copy of the X chromosome. Most genes on the X chromosome are not found on the Y XY chromosome. This means that males carrying an X chromosome gene for / \ a recessive disorder such as ...
Michael Cummings, 2013
3
Yen and Jaffe's Reproductive Endocrinology: Physiology, ...
form duplexes in vivo that are processed to small RNAs, most likely on the active X chromosome in a Dicer-dependent manner, implicating RNA interference ( RNAi) in X chromosome inactivation.177 X-inactivation occurs early in development ...
Jerome Frank Strauss, Robert L. Barbieri, 2009
4
Regulation of DNA Methylation and X Chromosome Inactivation ...
Yin Shen. modifications and DNA methylation that complete and stabilize the inactive state of the Xist-coated X chromosome (56, 64). In contrast, on the active X chromosome, the Xist gene becomes completely silent and its promoter is heavily ...
Yin Shen, 2008
5
Cytogenetics of the Mammalian X Chromosome
Vol. A.
Avery A. Sandberg, 1983
6
Competition Science Vision
A daughter can inherit a sex-linked recessive disorder or trait if her father is affected and her mother is a carrier she inherits one effected X-chromosome from each parent. Females usually do not exhibit sex-linked traits because they inherit two ...
7
Reproductive Isolation and X Chromosome Meiotic Drive in ...
Linkage Maps Previous studies have provided evidence for a large X chromosome inversion or inversion complex that is associated with sex chromosome meiotic drive in C. dalmanni (Johns et al. 2005, Chapter 3 of this dissertation).
Sarah J. Christianson, 2007
8
Human Molecular Biology: An Introduction to the Molecular ...
In humans dosage compensation is achieved via a process of chromosomal condensation termed X chromosome inactivation (lyonization; Figure 16. 19) which can thus be considered a form of whole-chromosomal imprinting for balancing ...
R. J. Epstein, 2003
9
The Real Science Behind the X-Files: Microbes, Meteorites, ...
On the contrary, having only a single X chromosome is not always in the best interest of men. By having only a single version of every gene on the X chromosome, men are more likely than women to have genetic diseases that involve faulty X ...
Anne Simon, 2001
10
Life of Marsupials
The X chromosome is usually of normal size and contains many genes that are not directly concerned with sexual differentiation, whereas the Y chromosome is usually very small and contains few other genes than those concerned with sex ...
C. Hugh Tyndale-Biscoe, 2005

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «X CHROMOSOME»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term X chromosome is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Biomarker Helps Identify Mental Illness in Women
Researchers discovered the gene XIST — which is responsible for inactivating one of the two copies of the X chromosome in cells that store genetic material ... «PsychCentral.com, Jun 15»
2
Goodbye Y: Men Who Smoke Have Missing Male Chromosomes
The Y chromosome is one of two sex-determining chromosomes in men, who have one X chromosome and one Y. (Women have two X chromosomes.) ... «Yahoo News, Dec 14»
3
Duplication of gene on X chromosome causes gigantism
Researchers believe they've isolated a portion of the X-chromosome responsible for growth -- and where the gene duplication that causes gigantism occurs. «UPI.com, Dec 14»
4
Study of gay brothers may confirm X chromosome link to …
... “gay gene,” by identifying a stretch on the X chromosome likely associated with homosexuality. But several subsequent studies called his finding into question. «Science AAAS, Nov 14»
5
With Men's Y Chromosome, Size Really May Not Matter
Basic biology has it that girls are girls because they have two X chromosomes — the things inside cells that carry our genes. Boys are boys because they have ... «NPR, Jul 14»
6
Genetically Eliminating Female Mosquitoes Could End Malaria
In a lab, scientists have literally shredded the X chromosome in Amopheles gambiae mosquitoes sperm cells—a move that will ensure that all offspring are male. «Motherboard, Jun 14»
7
Calico cats inspire X chromosome research
This image shows the first ever high-resolution structure of an inactive X chromosome (far right) its native state by combining a new pair of emerging imaging ... «Phys.Org, Feb 14»
8
Study finds genes on X chromosome linked to male homosexuality
A region of the X chromosome called Xq28 had some impact on men's sexual behaviour – though scientists have no idea which of the many genes in the region ... «Raw Story, Feb 14»
9
Why do men and women differ in height? X chromosome is key
The sex chromosomes - X and Y - determine whether an embryo becomes male or female. The mother contributes an X chromosome to the child, and it is the ... «Medical News Today, Feb 14»
10
Seeing X Chromosomes in a New Light
The term “X chromosome” has an air of mystery to it, and rightly so. It got its name in 1891 from a baffled biologist named Hermann Henking. To investigate the ... «New York Times, Jan 14»
REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. X chromosome [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/x-chromosome>. Feb 2019 ».
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