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Meaning of "centrosome" in the English dictionary

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DICTIONARY
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PRONUNCIATION OF CENTROSOME

centrosome  [ˈsɛntrəˌsəʊm] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF CENTROSOME

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Centrosome is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES CENTROSOME MEAN IN ENGLISH?

centrosome

Centrosome

In cell biology, the centrosome is an organelle that serves as the main microtubule organizing center of the animal cell as well as a regulator of cell-cycle progression. It was discovered by Edouard Van Beneden in 1883. and was described and named in 1888 by Theodor Boveri. The centrosome is thought to have evolved only in the metazoan lineage of eukaryotic cells. Fungi and plants lack centrosomes and therefore use other MTOC structures to organize their microtubules. Although the centrosome has a key role in efficient mitosis in animal cells, it is not essential. Centrosomes are composed of two orthogonally arranged centrioles surrounded by an amorphous mass of protein termed the pericentriolar material. The PCM contains proteins responsible for microtubule nucleation and anchoring including γ-tubulin, pericentrin and ninein. In general, each centriole of the centrosome is based on a nine triplet microtubule assembled in a cartwheel structure, and contains centrin, cenexin and tektin.

Definition of centrosome in the English dictionary

The definition of centrosome in the dictionary is a small body in a cell where microtubules are produced. In animal cells it surrounds the centriole Also called: centrosphere.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH CENTROSOME


acrosome
ˈækrəˌsəʊm
autosome
ˈɔːtəˌsəʊm
chondriosome
ˈkɒndrɪəˌsəʊm
chromosome
ˈkrəʊməˌsəʊm
desmosome
ˈdɛsməˌsəʊm
dictyosome
ˈdɪktɪəˌsəʊm
elaiosome
ɪˈleɪəˌsəʊm
hydrosome
ˈhaɪdrəˌsəʊm
isochromosome
ˌaɪsəʊˈkrəʊməˌsəʊm
lysosome
ˈlaɪsəˌsəʊm
merosome
ˈmɛrəˌsəʊm
mesosome
ˈmɛsəˌsəʊm
monosome
ˈmɒnəˌsəʊm
nucleosome
ˈnjuːklɪəˌsəʊm
plasmosome
ˈplæzməˌsəʊm
polyribosome
ˌpɒlɪˈraɪbəˌsəʊm
ribosome
ˈraɪbəˌsəʊm
schistosome
ˈʃɪstəˌsəʊm
synaptosome
sɪˈnæptəˌsəʊm
trypanosome
ˈtrɪpənəˌsəʊm

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE CENTROSOME

centring
centriole
centripetal
centripetal force
centripetalism
centripetally
centrism
centrist
centrobaric
centroclinal
centrode
centroid
centroidal
centrolecithal
centromere
centromeric
centrosomic
centrosphere
centrosymmetric
centrum

WORDS THAT END LIKE CENTROSOME

amplosome
awesome
cytosome
endosome
exposome
gonosome
heterochromosome
karyosome
kinetosome
liposome
melanosome
microsome
phagosome
pyrosome
sarcosome
sex chromosome
twosome
urosome
X chromosome
X-chromosome
Y-chromosome

Synonyms and antonyms of centrosome in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «centrosome» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF CENTROSOME

Find out the translation of centrosome to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of centrosome from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «centrosome» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

中心体
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

centrosoma
570 millions of speakers

English

centrosome
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

केंद्रपिंड
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

الجسيم المركزي
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

центросома
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

centrosome
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

centrosome
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

centrosome
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Centrosome
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Zentrosom
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

中心体
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

중심체
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Centrosome
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

trung thể
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

சென்ட்ரோசோம்
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

मध्यकेंद्री
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

sentrozom
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

centrosoma
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

centrosom
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

центросома
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

centrozomului
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

κεντρόσωμα
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

sentrosoom
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

centrosome
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

sentrosomen
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of centrosome

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «CENTROSOME»

The term «centrosome» is regularly used and occupies the 65.496 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Regularly used
70
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «centrosome» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of centrosome
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «centrosome».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «CENTROSOME» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «centrosome» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «centrosome» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about centrosome

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «CENTROSOME»

Discover the use of centrosome in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to centrosome and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
The Centrosome: Cell and Molecular Mechanisms of Functions ...
The book will be comprehensive, concise and will include reviews of key topics in the field.
Heide Schatten, 2012
2
The Centrosome in Cell Replication and Early Development
Centrosomes play an integral role in the growth of cells and the ultimate development of many animals, and sometimes plants.
‎2000
3
Advances in Centrosome Research and Application: 2013 ...
The editors have built Advances in Centrosome Research and Application: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about ZZZAdditional Research in this book to be deeper than what you ...
‎2013
4
Advances in Centrosome Research and Application: 2012 ...
You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
‎2012
5
Centrosome Duplication in Mammalian Cells Arrested Prior to ...
1.10: Cyclin dependant kinases (CDKs) and centrosome duplication In addition to understanding when centrosome duplication during the cell cycle, it is critical to understand the signals involved. The one-to-two nature of centrosome ...
Thomas Durcan, 2007
6
Analysis of the Guanidine Insoluble Centrosome Centromatrix ...
The centrosome is the major microtubule organizing center (MTOC) in animal cells. It is composed of two centrioles surrounded by an undefined pericentriolar material. Centrosomes isolated from Spisula solidissima oocytes retain microtubule ...
Xiaoxiao Wang, 2008
7
Identification and Characterization of CP110-interacting ...
CHAPTER 3 Characterization of the Role of CP110 at the Centrosome Introduction. CP110, a centrosomal protein of 110 kDa, was isolated in the Dynlacht laboratory during a screen for CDK substrates in a human cDNA expression library ...
Alexander Spektor, 2007
8
The Role of the Xenopus TACC Protein Maskin at the Centrosome
clusters of several microtubules that appeared to be released from the centrosome in groups (arrowheads in Figure 4-lBfr). This suggested that centrosome function may be compromised in the absence of maskin. Maskin depletion has no ...
Alison J. Albee, 2008
9
Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer
Qing-Yuan Sun and Heide Schatten* Abstract Centrosomes, the main microtubule organizing centers in a cell, are nonmembrane-bound semi- conservative organelles consisting of numerous centrosome proteins that typically surround a pair ...
Peter Sutovsky, 2007
10
Genome Instability in Cancer Development
Centrosome amplification may cause CIN by generating daughter cells with chromosome complements that differ from the parental cell. This can occur via the formation of multipolar mitotic spindles that yield daughter cells, each potentially ...
Erich A. Nigg, 2006

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «CENTROSOME»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term centrosome is used in the context of the following news items.
1
A key role for CEP63 in brain development and fertility discovered
More information: CEP63 deficiency promotes p53 dependent microcephaly and reveals a role for the centrosome in meiotic recombination, ... «Medical Xpress, Jul 15»
2
The Drosophila homologue of Rootletin is required for …
In contrast, lack of a general role in cell division is consistent with lack of centriole tethering during the centrosome cycle in Drosophila. «7thSpace Interactive, Jul 15»
3
Finding the right size
Mitotic spindle length, centrosome size and nuclear size are known to scale with cell size. A study in Caenorhabditis elegans now reveals that ... «Nature.com, Jun 15»
4
Science Snaps: divide by two
Each cell usually has just one centrosome, but when it's time for a cell to divide the single centrosome gets duplicated, along with the cell's DNA ... «Cancer Research UK, Jun 15»
5
Cell biology Reversible Polo
Previous attempts to remove centrosomes either surgically or through laser ablation resulted in transient centrosome loss with little to no ... «Nature.com, Jun 15»
6
[Report] Reversible centriole depletion with an inhibitor of Polo-like …
Centrinone treatment caused centrosome depletion in human and other vertebrate cells. Centrosome loss irreversibly arrested normal cells in a ... «Military Technologies, Jun 15»
7
Eighth grade, Kyla Aguilar, Fort Miller Middle
The proof — a song with vocabulary terms like “cytoplasm” and “centrosome” as part of the lyrics — is on Kyla's YouTube page, Kythe13. «Fresno Bee, May 15»
8
The Aurora A-HP1γ pathway regulates gene expression and mitosis …
In addition, P-Ser83-HP1γ colocalized with Centrin-2, a structural component of the centrosome, which is located within the sperm mid-piece ... «BMC Blogs Network, May 15»
9
The oncogenic role of the cochaperone Sgt1
Presumably as a cochaperone, Sgt1 is involved in several specific cellular functions including ubiquitination, cyclic AMP pathway, centrosome ... «Nature.com, May 15»
10
Paclitaxel targets FOXM1 to regulate KIF20A in mitotic catastrophe …
Consistent with this, previous studies also shows that loss of FOXM1 can induce chromosome misalignment, centrosome amplification and ... «Nature.com, May 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Centrosome [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/centrosome>. Mar 2024 ».
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