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Meaning of "autosome" in the English dictionary

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DICTIONARY
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PRONUNCIATION OF AUTOSOME

autosome  [ˈɔːtəˌsəʊm] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF AUTOSOME

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Autosome is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES AUTOSOME MEAN IN ENGLISH?

autosome

Autosome

An autosome is a chromosome that is not an allosome. Autosomes appear in pairs whose members have the same form but differ from other pairs in a diploid cell, whereas members of an allosome pair may differ from one another and thereby determine sex. The DNA in autosomes is collectively known as atDNA or auDNA. For example, humans have a diploid genome that usually contains 22 pairs of autosomes and one allosome pair. The autosome pairs are labeled with numbers roughly in order of their sizes in base pairs, while allosomes are labeled with their letters. By contrast, the allosome pair consists of two X chromosomes in females or one X and one Y chromosome in males.

Definition of autosome in the English dictionary

The definition of autosome in the dictionary is any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH AUTOSOME


acrosome
ˈækrəˌsəʊm
centrosome
ˈsɛntrəˌsəʊm
chondriosome
ˈkɒndrɪəˌsəʊm
chromosome
ˈkrəʊməˌsəʊm
cytosome
ˈsaɪtəˌsəʊm
desmosome
ˈdɛsməˌsəʊm
elaiosome
ɪˈleɪəˌsəʊm
hydrosome
ˈhaɪdrəˌsəʊm
isochromosome
ˌaɪsəʊˈkrəʊməˌsəʊm
kinetosome
kɪˈnɛtəˌsəʊm
leptosome
ˈlɛptəˌsəʊm
lysosome
ˈlaɪsəˌsəʊm
monosome
ˈmɒnəˌsəʊm
nucleosome
ˈnjuːklɪəˌsəʊm
plasmosome
ˈplæzməˌsəʊm
polyribosome
ˌpɒlɪˈraɪbəˌsəʊm
ribosome
ˈraɪbəˌsəʊm
schistosome
ˈʃɪstəˌsəʊm
synaptosome
sɪˈnæptəˌsəʊm
trypanosome
ˈtrɪpənəˌsəʊm

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE AUTOSOME

autoroute
autosave
autoschediasm
autoschediastic
autoschediaze
autoscopic
autoscopy
autosexing
autosomal
autosomally
autospore
autostability
autostrada
autosuggest
autosuggestion
autosuggestive
autotelic
autoteller
autotetraploidy
autotheism

WORDS THAT END LIKE AUTOSOME

amplosome
awesome
endosome
exposome
gonosome
heterochromosome
karyosome
liposome
melanosome
merosome
mesosome
microsome
phagosome
pyrosome
sarcosome
sex chromosome
twosome
urosome
X chromosome
X-chromosome
Y-chromosome

Synonyms and antonyms of autosome in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «autosome» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF AUTOSOME

Find out the translation of autosome to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of autosome from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «autosome» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

常染色体
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

autosome
570 millions of speakers

English

autosome
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

autosome
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

صبغي جسدي
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

аутосомно
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

autosome
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

autosome
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

autosome
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Autosom
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Autosom
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

常染色体
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

염색체
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Autosome
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

autosome
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

தன்மெய்யம்
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

स्वयंपूर्ण
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

autosome
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

autosome
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

autosom
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

аутосомно
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

autosome
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

αυτοσωμικό
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

Outosome
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

autosome
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

autosome
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of autosome

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «AUTOSOME»

The term «autosome» is normally little used and occupies the 123.671 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Little used
42
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «autosome» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of autosome
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «autosome».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «AUTOSOME» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «autosome» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «autosome» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about autosome

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «AUTOSOME»

Discover the use of autosome in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to autosome and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
The Principles of Clinical Cytogenetics
The risk for a female with a balanced X;autosome translocation to have a live- born child with a structural and/or functional aneuploidy has been estimated at 20 —40% [192]. Phenotypic abnormalities can range from mild effects to severe ...
Steven Gersen, Martha B. Keagle, 2013
2
Chromosome Abnormalities and Genetic Counseling
These are seen in females with de novo X-autosome translocations in which the actual locus has been disrupted. With preferential inactivation of the normal X, there remains no functional copy of the normal allele—an effectively “nulliallelic”  ...
Genetic Health Services Victoria Royal Children's Hospital R. J. McKinlay Gardner Consultant Geneticist, Melbourne, Department of Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics Women's and Children's Hospital Adelaide (Retired) Grant R. Sutherland Director, 2003
3
Genetic Disorders and the Fetus: Diagnosis, Prevention and ...
X;autosome translocations are rare, probably because of the lethality of disrupted genes and loss of dosage compensation.227 They can exist in two forms, balanced and unbalanced, and are associated with a variety of clinical findings ...
Aubrey Milunsky, Jeff Milunsky, 2011
4
Manual of Cytogenetics in Reproductive Biology
Autosome. Translocations. Balanced. Translocations. If the inactive X chromosome is translocated, inactivation spreads from the translocated X segment to the attached autosomal material and inactivates genes. There occurs functional ...
Pankaj Talwar, 2014
5
Introduction to Risk Calculation in Genetic Counseling
If X-chromosome inactivation occurs randomly in these women, then in approximately half of their cells the derivative X-autosome with an inactivation center is inactivated, resulting in a variable degree of functional autosomal monosomy with ...
Centre for Medical Genetics City Hospital Ian D. Young Professor of Pediatric Genetics, Nottingham, 2006
6
Fertility and Chromosome Pairing
4 aneuploid. 144 pachytene, 57 between pachytene substages, 9 SC length in, 14 Spermatogenesis effect of X-autosome translocations on, 7 1 impairment of, 70 inactivation of X chromosome and, 15 process of. 5 sex chromosome- autosome ...
Christopher Bob Gillies, 1989
7
Chromosome Abnormalities and Genetic Counseling
autosomal segment: 46,der(autosome) and 46,der(X), respectively (segregations d and e in Fig. 6–7). The partial autosomaltrisomicstatemay,inthe46,X,der(X) female, have an attenuated phenotype due to spreading of inactivation from the XIC ...
R.J. MKinlay Gardner, Grant R Sutherland, Lisa G. Shaffer, 2011
8
Pathophysiology: concise lecturec, tests, ...
0 Dominant diseases are manifested in the heterozygous state; by defini— tion, the gene responsible for an autosome—dominant disorder must be located on one of the 22 autosomes. - Each affected individual has an affected parent [ unless ...
Litvitsky P.F., Pirozhkov S.V., Tezikov E.V., Петр Францевич Литвицкий, 2012
9
Catalogue of Unbalanced Chromosome Aberrations in Man
tion through spreading over of an autosomal segment and non-inactivation of a segment of the X attached to an autosome. Gonadal dysfunction is believed to occur if the breakpoint in the X chromosome is situated within the segment (X) ...
Albert Schinzel, 2001
10
Genomics and Clinical Medicine
Six NS-XLMR genes (TM4SF2, ZNF41, ZNF81, OPHN1, AGTR2, and ARHGEF6) were identified after being mapped to an X chromosome breakpoint in an individual with an X;autosome translocation and nonsyndromic MS (Billuart et al., 1998 ...
University Hospital of Wales Dhavendra Kumar Consultant in Clinical Genetics Institute of Clinical Genetics, Cardiff Wales, Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine University of Oxford (Emeritus) David Weatherall Professor and Honorary Director, 2008

10 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «AUTOSOME»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term autosome is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Aicardi Syndrome: Genome Sequencing Illuminates Another Rare …
Perhaps a gene on an autosome affects expression of genes on the X. Hippopotamus_amphibius_-_Homosassa_Springs_Wildlife_State_Park ... «PLoS Blogs, Jul 15»
2
TGen study identifies first genetic mutation associated with Aicardi …
"Our study strongly challenges this notion by demonstrating a deleterious mutation of TEAD1 on an autosome," said Dr. Isabelle Schrauwen, ... «HealthCanal.com, Jun 15»
3
Study identifies first genetic mutation associated with Aicardi syndrome
"Our study strongly challenges this notion by demonstrating a deleterious mutation of TEAD1 on an autosome," said Dr. Isabelle Schrauwen, ... «Medical Xpress, Jun 15»
4
Identification of genomic regions associated with female fertility in …
The genome-wide significant SNP were located on Bos taurus autosome (BTA) 7 (2 SNP), BTA9 (4 SNP for QTL peak1 (QTL9–1) and 5 SNP ... «BMC Blogs Network, Jun 15»
5
Public Release: 2-Jun-2015 Researcher will examine puzzle of sex …
He said if this disparity in gene dosage occurred in any "normal" chromosome (autosome), that individual would be very sick, if it could live at all ... «EurekAlert, Jun 15»
6
Lost Y Chromosome Genes Found on Autosomes
Autosome transposition events from Y chromosome among mammalsWHITEHEAD INSTITUTE, JENNIFER HUGHESThe mammalian Y ... «The Scientist, May 15»
7
Chromosome biology Diverse evolution of sex chromosomes in flies
Previous work by the group reported that a former sex chromosome had reverted to an autosome in Drosophila melanogaster. To further ... «Nature.com, May 15»
8
Updated Platypus Genome Provides Insight into Recombination …
... portion of scaffolds were able to be assigned to the platypus' 21 autosome pairs, as much of the genome is marked by repetitive sequences. «GenomeWeb, May 15»
9
Kennedy Crossan provides solid education for students
They learned the basic vocabulary for a spreadsheet, how to enter data, and how to use the basic autosome tool. The students are currently ... «The Philadelphia Tribune, May 15»
10
Common polygenic variation in coeliac disease and confirmation of …
Genotypes were called using the Illumina GenomeStudio software using the cluster set of 172 242 autosome/x-chromosome variants from the ... «Nature.com, Apr 15»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Autosome [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/autosome>. Mar 2024 ».
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