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Meaning of "desmosome" in the English dictionary

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DICTIONARY
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PRONUNCIATION OF DESMOSOME

desmosome  [ˈdɛsməˌsəʊm] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF DESMOSOME

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Desmosome is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES DESMOSOME MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Desmosome

A desmosome, also known as macula adherens , is a cell structure specialized for cell-to-cell adhesion. A type of junctional complex, they are localized spot-like adhesions randomly arranged on the lateral sides of plasma membranes. Desmosomes help to resist shearing forces and are found in simple and stratified squamous epithelium. The intercellular space is very wide. Desmosomes are also found in muscle tissue where they bind muscle cells to one another.

Definition of desmosome in the English dictionary

The definition of desmosome in the dictionary is a structure in the cell membranes of adjacent cells that binds them together.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH DESMOSOME


acrosome
ˈækrəˌsəʊm
autosome
ˈɔːtəˌsəʊm
centrosome
ˈsɛntrəˌsəʊm
chondriosome
ˈkɒndrɪəˌsəʊm
chromosome
ˈkrəʊməˌsəʊm
dictyosome
ˈdɪktɪəˌsəʊm
elaiosome
ɪˈleɪəˌsəʊm
heterochromosome
ˌhɛtərəʊˈkrəʊməˌsəʊm
hydrosome
ˈhaɪdrəˌsəʊm
isochromosome
ˌaɪsəʊˈkrəʊməˌsəʊm
lysosome
ˈlaɪsəˌsəʊm
mesosome
ˈmɛsəˌsəʊm
monosome
ˈmɒnəˌsəʊm
nucleosome
ˈnjuːklɪəˌsəʊm
plasmosome
ˈplæzməˌsəʊm
polyribosome
ˌpɒlɪˈraɪbəˌsəʊm
ribosome
ˈraɪbəˌsəʊm
schistosome
ˈʃɪstəˌsəʊm
synaptosome
sɪˈnæptəˌsəʊm
trypanosome
ˈtrɪpənəˌsəʊm

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE DESMOSOME

desman
desmid
desmidian
desmine
desmodium
desmodromic
desmoid
Desmond
Desmond Tutu
desmosomal
Desmoulins
desnood
desobligeante
desolate
desolated
desolately
desolateness
desolater
desolatingly
desolation

WORDS THAT END LIKE DESMOSOME

amplosome
awesome
cytosome
endosome
exposome
gonosome
karyosome
kinetosome
liposome
melanosome
merosome
microsome
phagosome
pyrosome
sarcosome
sex chromosome
twosome
urosome
X chromosome
X-chromosome
Y-chromosome

Synonyms and antonyms of desmosome in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «desmosome» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF DESMOSOME

Find out the translation of desmosome to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of desmosome from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «desmosome» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

桥粒
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

desmosoma
570 millions of speakers

English

desmosome
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

desmosome
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

جسيم رابط
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

desmosome
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

desmosome
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

desmosome
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

desmosome
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Desmosome
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

desmosome
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

デスモソーム
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

desmosome
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Desmosome
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

desmosome
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

டெஸ்மோசோம்
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

Desmosome
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

dezmozom
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

desmosome
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

desmosome
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

desmosome
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

desmosome
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

δεσμόσωμα
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

Desmosoom
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

desmosome
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

desmosome
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of desmosome

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «DESMOSOME»

The term «desmosome» is normally little used and occupies the 132.882 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Little used
38
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «desmosome» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of desmosome
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «desmosome».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «DESMOSOME» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «desmosome» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «desmosome» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about desmosome

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «DESMOSOME»

Discover the use of desmosome in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to desmosome and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Desmosome Disassembly During TGF-beta Induced Epithelial to ...
Increased turnover of plakophilin-3 during TGF-beta treatment was found to be due to calpain activity.
Sarah A. Keim-Janssen, 2008
2
Cell Adhesion
I Dermatol Sci 32:137-41 Ouyang P, Sugrue SP (1996) Characterization of pinin, a novel protein associated with the desmosome-intermediate filament complex. I Cell Biol 135:1027-42 Ozawa M, Kemler R (1992) Molecular organization of the ...
Warren James Nelson, 2010
3
Membrane Protein-Cytoskeleton Interactions
The purpose of this chapter is to review what is currently known about the molecular components of the desmosome, an intercellular junction that mediates cell-cell adhesion and couples this adhesion to the intermediate filament (IF) ...
‎1996
4
The Role of Plakophilin-1 in Desmosome Assembly and Cell ...
Desmosomes are intercellular adhesive junctions which are anchorage points for intermediate filaments that provide strong adhesion in epithelial tissues subject to mechanical stress.
Tammy Sobolik-Delmaire, 2007
5
Dermal Absorption and Toxicity Assessment, Second Edition
plasma membrane (lower side). The second line of the transition desmosome extracellular space is situated at a distance of w 6.3 nm from the first line and w 4.3 nm from the third line. The third line is situated at adistance of w 4.3 nm from the ...
Michael S. Roberts, 2007
6
The Adhesive Interaction of Cells
Garrod: manuscript in preparation). Drugs that affect PKC activity have been shown to alter desmosome adhesion. Thus, activation of PKC with the phorbol ester TPA causes a rapid change from calcium independence to calcium dependence.
David Garrod, A.J. North, M.A.J. Chidgey, 1999
7
Lewin's CELLS
The exact makeup of the desmosome, as well as the number of desmosomes formed, varies in different cell types, reflecting the wide variety of stresses that cells must endure. A common description of the desmosome is that it serves as a “spot ...
Lynne Cassimeris, George Plopper, Vishwanath R. Lingappa, 2011
8
The Autoimmune Diseases
Epithelium Basal lamina Desmosome Keratins Plakins: Desmoplakin Plectin Envoplakin Periplakin Armadillo: Cadherins: Desmoglein1–4 (PV, PF antigen) Plakoglobin Plakophilin Desmocollin1–3 Hemidesmosome Inner plaque: Plectin  ...
Ian R. Mackay, Noel R Rose, 2013
9
Intermediate Filaments
These phenomena and their relationship to endogenous desmosome formation as well as dominant-negative effects of certain mutants could be monitored easily by immunohistological methods and by electron microscopy. Despite the ...
Harald Herrmann, J. Robin Harris, 1998
10
Plakophilin 2: Critical Roles in Intercellular Junction ...
Introduction The assembly of desmosome membrane components versus that of plaque components is thought to occur in separate subcellular compartments. In previous chapters I have demonstrated a role for PKP2 in the regulation of the ...
Amanda Elisabeth Bass-Zubek, 2008

7 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «DESMOSOME»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term desmosome is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Revolutionary Discovery Could Help Tackle Skin and Heart Conditions
However, when we isolated desmosome molecules and characterised them we found that they are actually much more flexible than those of ... «Newswise, May 15»
2
Desmoplakin's tail gets the message
Blocking GSK3 slowed desmoplakin's relocation from the intermediate filaments to the cells' boundaries during desmosome formation. «Phys.Org, Mar 15»
3
Protein clue to sudden cardiac death
The genetic defect was shown to weaken desmosome function at the junctions of heart muscle cells: this affected the structural integrity of the ... «Medical Xpress, Feb 15»
4
How an Extreme Athlete Uncovered Her Own Genetic Flaw
The expanding tree of gibberish seemed infinite – apoptosis, phenotypic, desmosome – until, one day, it wasn't. “You get a feeling for what's ... «National Geographic, Aug 14»
5
Scientists discover link between skin diseases and Sudden Cardiac …
The two conditions are connected by faults in the proteins which compose and regulate the 'desmosome', a cell structure that essentially acts ... «Medical Xpress, Aug 14»
6
Cell binding discovery brings hope to those with skin and heart …
“For reasons that we do not fully understand there are several different but closely-related glue molecules within each desmosome,” he ... «University of Manchester, Jan 11»
7
Study links cancer to loss of protein that hooks skin cells together
The protein's intercellular tail wraps around structures in the cell, firmly anchoring the desmosome on the membrane. The desmosome's ... «Stanford Medical Center Report, Oct 10»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Desmosome [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/desmosome>. Mar 2024 ».
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