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Meaning of "synaptosome" in the English dictionary

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DICTIONARY
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PRONUNCIATION OF SYNAPTOSOME

synaptosome  [sɪˈnæptəˌsəʊm] play
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GRAMMATICAL CATEGORY OF SYNAPTOSOME

noun
adjective
verb
adverb
pronoun
preposition
conjunction
determiner
exclamation
Synaptosome is a noun.
A noun is a type of word the meaning of which determines reality. Nouns provide the names for all things: people, objects, sensations, feelings, etc.

WHAT DOES SYNAPTOSOME MEAN IN ENGLISH?

Synaptosome

A synaptosome is an isolated synaptic terminal from a neuron. Synaptosomes are obtained by mild homogenization of nervous tissue under isotonic conditions and subsequent fractionation using differential and density gradient centrifugation. Liquid shear detaches the nerve terminals from the axon and the plasma membrane surrounding the nerve terminal particle reseals. Synaptosomes are osmotically sensitive, contain numerous small clear synaptic vesicles, sometimes larger dense-core vesicles and frequently one or more small mitochondria. They carry the morphological features and most of the chemical properties of the original nerve terminal. Synaptosomes isolated from mammalian brain often retain a piece of the attached postsynaptic membrane, facing the active zone. Synaptosomes were first isolated in an attempt to identify the subcellular compartment corresponding to the fraction of so-called bound acetylcholine that remains when brain tissue is homogenized in iso-osmotic sucrose.

Definition of synaptosome in the English dictionary

The definition of synaptosome in the dictionary is a sac-like structure at an isolated nerve ending.

WORDS THAT RHYME WITH SYNAPTOSOME


acrosome
ˈækrəˌsəʊm
autosome
ˈɔːtəˌsəʊm
centrosome
ˈsɛntrəˌsəʊm
chondriosome
ˈkɒndrɪəˌsəʊm
chromosome
ˈkrəʊməˌsəʊm
cytosome
ˈsaɪtəˌsəʊm
desmosome
ˈdɛsməˌsəʊm
elaiosome
ɪˈleɪəˌsəʊm
hydrosome
ˈhaɪdrəˌsəʊm
isochromosome
ˌaɪsəʊˈkrəʊməˌsəʊm
kinetosome
kɪˈnɛtəˌsəʊm
leptosome
ˈlɛptəˌsəʊm
lysosome
ˈlaɪsəˌsəʊm
monosome
ˈmɒnəˌsəʊm
nucleosome
ˈnjuːklɪəˌsəʊm
plasmosome
ˈplæzməˌsəʊm
polyribosome
ˌpɒlɪˈraɪbəˌsəʊm
ribosome
ˈraɪbəˌsəʊm
schistosome
ˈʃɪstəˌsəʊm
trypanosome
ˈtrɪpənəˌsəʊm

WORDS THAT BEGIN LIKE SYNAPTOSOME

synaphea
synaposematic
synaposematism
synapse
synapses
synapsid
synapsis
synaptase
synapte
synaptic
synaptical
synaptically
synaptosomal
synarchies
synarchy
synarthrodial
synarthrodially
synarthroses
synarthrosis
synastry

WORDS THAT END LIKE SYNAPTOSOME

amplosome
awesome
endosome
exposome
gonosome
heterochromosome
karyosome
liposome
melanosome
merosome
mesosome
microsome
phagosome
pyrosome
sarcosome
sex chromosome
twosome
urosome
X chromosome
X-chromosome
Y-chromosome

Synonyms and antonyms of synaptosome in the English dictionary of synonyms

SYNONYMS

Translation of «synaptosome» into 25 languages

TRANSLATOR
online translator

TRANSLATION OF SYNAPTOSOME

Find out the translation of synaptosome to 25 languages with our English multilingual translator.
The translations of synaptosome from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «synaptosome» in English.

Translator English - Chinese

突触
1,325 millions of speakers

Translator English - Spanish

sinaptosoma
570 millions of speakers

English

synaptosome
510 millions of speakers

Translator English - Hindi

synaptosome
380 millions of speakers
ar

Translator English - Arabic

جسيم مشبكي
280 millions of speakers

Translator English - Russian

синаптосом
278 millions of speakers

Translator English - Portuguese

synaptosome
270 millions of speakers

Translator English - Bengali

synaptosome
260 millions of speakers

Translator English - French

synaptosome
220 millions of speakers

Translator English - Malay

Synaptosome
190 millions of speakers

Translator English - German

Synaptosom
180 millions of speakers

Translator English - Japanese

シナプトソーム
130 millions of speakers

Translator English - Korean

synaptosome
85 millions of speakers

Translator English - Javanese

Synaptosome
85 millions of speakers
vi

Translator English - Vietnamese

synaptosome
80 millions of speakers

Translator English - Tamil

synaptosome
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Marathi

सिंटॅप्टोसोम
75 millions of speakers

Translator English - Turkish

sinaptosom
70 millions of speakers

Translator English - Italian

sinaptosomi
65 millions of speakers

Translator English - Polish

synaptosomu
50 millions of speakers

Translator English - Ukrainian

синаптосом
40 millions of speakers

Translator English - Romanian

sinaptozomilor
30 millions of speakers
el

Translator English - Greek

synaptosome
15 millions of speakers
af

Translator English - Afrikaans

synaptosome
14 millions of speakers
sv

Translator English - Swedish

synaptosom
10 millions of speakers
no

Translator English - Norwegian

synaptosom
5 millions of speakers

Trends of use of synaptosome

TRENDS

TENDENCIES OF USE OF THE TERM «SYNAPTOSOME»

The term «synaptosome» is used very little and occupies the 151.156 position in our list of most widely used terms in the English dictionary.
0
100%
FREQUENCY
Rarely used
29
/100
The map shown above gives the frequency of use of the term «synaptosome» in the different countries.
Principal search tendencies and common uses of synaptosome
List of principal searches undertaken by users to access our English online dictionary and most widely used expressions with the word «synaptosome».

FREQUENCY OF USE OF THE TERM «SYNAPTOSOME» OVER TIME

The graph expresses the annual evolution of the frequency of use of the word «synaptosome» during the past 500 years. Its implementation is based on analysing how often the term «synaptosome» appears in digitalised printed sources in English between the year 1500 and the present day.

Examples of use in the English literature, quotes and news about synaptosome

EXAMPLES

10 ENGLISH BOOKS RELATING TO «SYNAPTOSOME»

Discover the use of synaptosome in the following bibliographical selection. Books relating to synaptosome and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature.
1
Subcellular Proteomics: From Cell Deconstruction to System ...
By further fractionating the synaptosomes, one can use proteomic approaches to study even more specific synaptic regions. 2.1. Synaptosomes The term " synaptosome" was first mentioned in a paper published in 1964 by Whittaker's group ...
Eric Bertrand, Michel D. Faupel, 2007
2
New Scientific Applications of Geometry and Topology
That is, we assume that any two p re -re combination copies of the synaptosome are identical, meaning that we can by rotation and translation superimpose one copy on the other, with the congruence so achieved respecting the structure of ...
De Witt L. Sumners, Nicholas R. Cozzarelli, American Mathematical Society, 1992
3
Cell Physiology Sourcebook: A Molecular Approach
Parameter Lipid Plasma membrane Effector Transbilayer migration rate Cholesterol Synaptosome Ethanol Transbilayer distribution Cholesterol Lcell Ethanol Cholesterol Lcell Polyunsaturated fatty acids Cholesterol Lcell Sterol carrier proteins ...
Nicholas Sperelakis, 2001
4
Calculating the Secrets of Life: Applications of the ...
We likewise assume that all of the copies of the post-recombination synaptosome are identical. In a recombination event, we can mathematically divide the DNA involved into three types: (1) the DNA at and very near the sites where the DNA ...
Eric S. Lander, Michael S. Waterman, 1995
5
Cell Physiology Source Book: Essentials of Membrane Biophysics
Parameter Lipid Plasma membrane Effector Transbilayer migration rate Cholesterol Synaptosome Ethanol Transbilayer distribution Cholesterol L cell Ethanol Cholesterol L cell Polyunsaturated fatty acids Cholesterol L cell Sterol carrier ...
Nicholas Sperelakis, 2001
6
Aromatic Amino Acids in the Brain
synaptosome. membrane. A. PARFlTT* and D. G. GRAHAME-SMITH MRC Unit and Department of Clinical Pharmacology, University of Oxford, Oxford and * National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Naval Medical ...
CIBA Foundation Symposium, 2009
7
The Release of Catecholamines from Adrenergic Neurons
In synaptosome preparations all non—terminal axons are dis— rupted. Therefore , when a drug similarly modifies the release of a catecholamine in slice and synaptosome preparations, then a primary action on the cell bodies or dendrites of ...
David M. Paton, 1979
8
The Structure and Function of Nervous Tissue V6: Structure ...
Definition of Synaptosome Gray and Whittaker (1962), in their original study on isolating nerve endings from brain tissue, postulated that nerve endings are formed by a process of pinching Off from axons. As this occurs, the endings take with ...
Geoffrey Bourne, 2012
9
New Scientist
The nerve ending and dendritic spine (1) break away to form a synaptosome (2) containing many vesicles and a few dense projections ( three shown here ) on the presynaptic membrane. The vesicles and dense projections can then be ...
10
The Mathematics of Knots: Theory and Application
Assumption 2 The synaptosome is a 2-string tangle that can be mathematically subdivided into the sum Ob + P of two tangles. One tangle, the parental tangle P, contains the recombination sites where strand breakage and reunion take place.
Markus Banagl, Denis Vogel, 2010

3 NEWS ITEMS WHICH INCLUDE THE TERM «SYNAPTOSOME»

Find out what the national and international press are talking about and how the term synaptosome is used in the context of the following news items.
1
Understanding The Technology of Peptides
... release of acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junction. They are similar to botulinum toxin in that both selectively modulate synaptosome-associated protein of ... «SkinInc.com, Jul 15»
2
Macroscopic and Macromolecular Specificity of Alkylphenol …
The synaptosome fraction should contain the synaptic substrates that were ... 400 μM propofol decreased 4 μM [3H]AziPm binding to synaptosomal protein an ... «Nature.com, Apr 15»
3
Suite of methods yields complex model of neuronal junctions
Data from several hundred synaptosomes approximated the distribution of a ... Synaptosome proteins are so densely packed that it's necessary to strip them ... «SFARI News, Jul 14»

REFERENCE
« EDUCALINGO. Synaptosome [online]. Available <https://educalingo.com/en/dic-en/synaptosome>. Feb 2024 ».
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